European conquest

828 views

Published on

Published in: Education, Technology
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
828
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
3
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
17
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

European conquest

  1. 1. European Conquest Flipbook Notes
  2. 2. European Exploration and Conquest <ul><li>In the 1400s, Spain and Portugal were looking for new routes to Asia. </li></ul><ul><li>Sailors guided their ships using only the stars, a compass, and an astrolabe. </li></ul><ul><li>Spain and Portugal soon became fierce rivals. </li></ul>
  3. 4. Christopher Columbus <ul><li>Born in Genoa, Italy (we think) </li></ul><ul><li>Sailed for Spain’s King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella </li></ul><ul><li>Made for four voyages to the New World, the first in 1492 </li></ul><ul><li>Originally, he thought he had landed in the East Indies in Asia, so he called the people he saw Indians. </li></ul>
  4. 8. Treaty of Tordesillas <ul><li>Divided the New World between the Spanish and the Portuguese. </li></ul><ul><li>Decided upon by Pope </li></ul><ul><li>Signed in 1494 </li></ul><ul><li>Set an imaginary line running from the North Pole to the South Pole at about 50 degree longitude. This line is called the Line of Demarcation. </li></ul>
  5. 10. Hernan Cort é s <ul><li>Arrived in Mexico in 1519 </li></ul><ul><li>Most important native ally was Malinche </li></ul><ul><li>Was looking for treasure </li></ul><ul><li>Moctezuma II believed he was the god Quetzalcoatl returned to rule the Aztecs and turned Tenochtitl á n over to Cort é s. The peace did not last long and the Spanish had to excape the city. </li></ul><ul><li>Cort é s, with the help of Aztec enemies, attacked and destroyed Tenochtitl á n. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1521, the Aztecs surrendered. </li></ul>
  6. 13. Francisco Pizarro <ul><li>He heard rumors of the rich Incan empire and planned to attack the Pacific coast of South America. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1531, he sailed with 180 Spanish soldiers. He captured and killed the Incan emperor Atahualpa. </li></ul><ul><li>By 1535, he had captured all the Incan empire. </li></ul><ul><li>He established the city of Lima in Peru. </li></ul>
  7. 19. Columbian Exchange <ul><li>Goods, as well as people, crossed the Atlantic Ocean in the years following the Spanish and Portuguese conquests. </li></ul><ul><li>Goods from the New World (Western Hemisphere) traveled to the Old World (Eastern Hemisphere) with returning explorers. </li></ul><ul><li>Goods from the Old World traveled to the new World with the conquerors. </li></ul>

×