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Tanakh Vs Old Testament Essay
Tanakh Versus The Christian's Old Testament Often times when discussing the Old Testament it is
commonly considered as synonymous to the Hebrew Bible, although there are significant difference
between the two. Most Protestant versions of the Old Testament have exactly the same books as the
Hebrew Bible, though in a slightly different order (Harris, 1980, p. 2). In the Jerusalem Bible, the
English edition of the Old Testament, the Apocrypha are integrated with the other books of the
Hebrew Bible. The main differences that will be focused on are the structure of the Hebrew Bible,
the three–part Hebrew Bible, and original written language. To introduce the Hebrew Bible, we must
first have an understanding of the structure. The Hebrew Bible is also known as Mikra, or Tanakh.
Tanakh is an acronym referring to the Jewish three–part division of the Bible, which will be
discussed later. The Hebrew Bible holds twenty–four books. These books narrate the early history of
the Jewish nation and an individual can learn about God's plan for the world and His relationship
with mankind. Out of higher respect for God, Hebrew Bible never refers to God as God but as His
Hebrew name Yahweh. Also, Tanakh is often made in a form of a scroll with pure gold or silver
trimmings. In like manner, the Christian Bible, as ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
Classical Hebrew is the Semitic tongue spoken in ancient Israel (Harris, 1980, p. 8,9). Later books
were composed in Aramaic, dialect closely related to Hebrew and possibly the native language of
Jesus and his disciples. In contrast, the New Testament was written in the language associated with
Classical Greek. The Greek language and culture became so prevalent throughout the eastern
Mediterranean in the last centuries before Christ that the large Jewish population living in Egypt
fixed to translate their Scriptures from Hebrew and Aramaic into
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Early Christianity
Justin Bowman
Early Christianity
The old testament is the first part of the Christian Bible, comprising thirty–nine books and
corresponding directly to the Hebrew Bible. Most of the books were originally written in Hebrew
between about 1200 and 100 BC. They comprise the chief texts of the law, history, prophecy, and
wisdom literature of the ancient people of Israel. The old testament and the new testament
connection between the two is the covenant. (McFarland 1/12) The new testament is the second part
of the Christian Bible, written originally in Greek and recording the life and teachings of Jesus and
his earliest followers. It includes the four Gospels, the Acts of the Apostles, twenty–one epistles by
St. Paul and others, and the book of ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
The Resurrection and the delay of parasouia was a key event in the New Testament. The way he
described the people of Jerusalem was that they were looking through colored glasses to see the
Resurrected Jesus Christ. Jesus was supposed to have the everlasting live. The disciples experienced
Jesus being reborn or resurrected. It was the first they have ever seen to have life after death. The
New Testament has four main Gospels; Mark, Matthew, Luke, and John. A Gospel is a teaching of
Christ. Each Gospel is telling about how Jesus worshiped God and his disciples. The New Testament
was not written at one time and that it was not written by one man. At least eight different men
wrote different parts of the New Testament over a period of many long years. Although, we know
that we do not have all the writings of even these eight men. For example, Paul mentions in 1
Corinthians 5:9 that he had written an earlier epistle to the church at Corinth. That letter has not
been preserved for us. It is likely that some other writings of Paul, as well as those of Peter, James,
Matthew, etc., are not included in the New Testament and have been lost
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Why Are The Four Gospels Essay
Hayford 3
Ryan Hayford
Mr. Stanczyk
Sophomore Theology Honors
25 September 2017
Why are there 4 Gospels?
1) Why do we have 4 different accounts (gospels) of Jesus' life and teachings?
The gospel writers tell us the story about the life of Christ, told from different perspectives because
each disciple had a unique message to a different audience. They were written between two
generations after the death of Jesus, and are based on the stories of Jesus and his ministry, told by
his followers. The church did not combine these accounts into one gospel, but preserved them as
four, maintaining their individual views of the teachings, ministry and life of Jesus. In Matthew,
Jesus was the Messiah of Israel. He is the ideal servant ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
They would only listen to their own, so the strategies Mark used were to draw parallels between the
life of Jesus and events from Israel's history. His gospel parallels the Torah, the most sacred book of
the Hebrew Bible, and the five books of Moses. It tells the relationship of Jesus to the Old
Testament prophets. Matthew wrote to prove that Jesus is the fulfillment of the Messiah's prophecy;
the King of the Jews. He records how the promises God made in the Old Testament, are realized in
Jesus. Matthew encouraged Jewish converts to maintain their Hebrew Scriptures, which now gained
significance through Jesus and continue to be the sacred scribe of the kingdom of heaven.
3) Who was Mark's primary audience? What unique strategies does he use to address this audience?
Mark's gospel was written Christians who were living under threat of persecution by the Jews in the
Roman Empire who were unfamiliar with the Jewish religion. Christ is portrayed as the servant and
the son of God. Since Mark was not written to a Jewish audience, his strategy was to explain
customs that Jews would have known, that the Romans would be unfamiliar with. His gospel is
action–packed with the powerful ministries of Christ, to show He could meet their deepest needs.
4) Who was Luke's primary audience? What unique strategies does he use to address this
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Comparing The Birth Stories In The Gospels Of Matthew And...
Compare and contrast the birth stories in the Gospels of Matthew and Luke. How do the differences
set up distinct theological emphases in each Gospel?
The foundation of the Christian faith is cradled within truth of the virgin birth, life, and resurrection
of Jesus Christ. As diverse as the world–wide Christian culture is, the truth in the birth and life of
Jesus stands without border and language limitations. Just as each individual life story can be
adapted to be relevant for a variety of audiences, the birth story of the Messiah was also. The
Gospels of Matthew and Luke are an example of the well–rounded and diverse narration of the birth
story of Jesus–Matthew's narration spoke to the history of the Jewish people and Luke presented to
the citizen of Rome.
In the Gospel of Matthew, the focus on the Jewish genealogy of Jesus played a significant role in the
birth story. To fully understand Jesus, it was imperative to first acknowledge who Jesus was within
Jewish ancestry and his subsequent position as King of the Jews. Jewish tradition passed down the
oral and written story of Messianic prophecies for generations. To provide the correlation between
the anticipated Messiah and the fulfillment through Jesus, Matthew affirmed prophecies throughout
the birth story with two significant fulfillments–Abraham's promised seed [offspring] and the virgin
birth.
Matthew, a man of Jewish descent, connects a direct ancestral line from Jesus to the patriarch of the
Hebrew
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The portrayal of jesus christ in the four gospels of the...
Portrayals of jesus in the gospels
Short Writing Assignment #2
Each of the four gospels contained in the New Testament portrays a different and unique portrait of
Jesus. Mark 's gospel represents Jesus as the suffering servant, while Matthew shows Jesus as the
new Moses. Luke stresses Jesus ' inclusion of the outcasts and then John 's non–synoptic gospel
shows Jesus as God 's presence and as an otherworldly figure.
Mark portrays Jesus as a powerful yet unrecognized and suffering Messiah. Stories throughout the
gospel show Jesus to have control over storms, water and demons. He is able to heal lepers, cripples
and people with withered limps. He also has undaunted authority over everything including sin and
Sabbath laws. Yet the theme of ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
The major theme of this gospel is that Jesus is savior. He is the savior of the whole world not just the
Jews. Luke portrays Jesus as a passionate messiah by stressing his inclusion of the outcasts. Jesus
associated with the tax collectors, woman and physically disadvantaged. Jesus denounces the rich
and comfortable in this gospel during the Sermon on the Mount. Luke also downplays Jesus '
suffering by excluding much of it from his gospel. An example of this is the
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A Greco Roman Audience On The Gospel Of Luke
A Greco–Roman Audience
Readers of the Gospel of Luke often try to identify Luke's intended audience. Understanding Luke's
intended audience can provide insight into how Luke used current culture to strategically spread the
word of God. Specifically, we can look at the period of Hellenization, along passages, to interpret
Luke's Gospel as intended for a Greco–Roman audience.
After the campaigns of Alexander the Great, but before the Birth of Jesus, Palestine endured a
period of Hellenization. This period of Hellenization brought a sense of unity to Alexander's empire,
as Greek culture, language, politics and religions spread. Greek culture was so strong that even the
Hebrew kings felt compelled to take Greek names in an effort to integrate. However, Alexander's
rule did not last for long. Eventually, King Herod took control, splitting the empire into three parts,
two of which were ruled by Herod's sons. The Herodian dynasty brought Roman influences in
architecture, language, economics and culture, mixing with the Greco–influence from Alexander's
reign. Jesus was born into a world filled with Greco–Roman culture. Thus, it was imperative that
Luke understood the culture and framed his writing in a way that attracted the Greco–Romans. Luke
begins his Gospel, which was written in Greek, with a dedication to Theophilus, "It seemed good to
me also, having followed all things closely for some time past, to write and orderly account for you,
most excellent Theophilus..."(Luke
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Romans 7: 7-25 Exegesis Paper
Exegesis: Romans 7:7–25
This is a biblical exegesis of the passage Romans 7:7–25. The purpose of this exegesis paper is to
inform the reader of the surrounding context surrounding the passage such as the author, date,
purpose, audience, historical, cultural, literary and geographical context. It also includes
interpretation and application of what this passage intends to its original audience, and its flow with
the entirety of scripture.
The authorship of Romans is recorded in Romans 1:1 "Paul, a servant of Christ Jesus, called to be
an apostle, set apart for the Gospel of God,"
Given the Hebrew name Saul was latter given the Greek name Paul,
Acts 13:9 "Then Saul, who was also called Paul,"
Paul was born in Tarsus, the chief city of Cilicia.
Acts 22:3 "I am a Jew, born in Tarsus of Cilicia, but brought up in the city," ... Show more content
on Helpwriting.net ...
This supernatural occurrence happened while Paul was on the road to Damascus to punish the
Christian prisoners. For once being a man who sought to destroy the gospel and persecute
Christians, now is spreading the same gospel he once desired to extinguish. Based on what the
scriptures say, we also know Paul was a Roman citizen. "When the centurion heard this, he went to
the commander and told him, saying, 'What are you about to do? For this man is a Roman.' The
commander came and said to him, 'Tell me, are you a Roman?' And he said, 'Yes.' The commander
answered, 'I acquired this citizenship with a large sum of money.' And Paul said, 'but I was actually
born a citizen.'" Acts
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Hebrews 13 : Notes On The Bible
Hebrews 13:1–5 sets up the conclusion of the book which including a warning about being carried
away by "strange teaching" (13:9), a call to go "outside the camp" (13:11–14) perhaps in a missional
way as well as some final instructions and a personal salutation (13:15–25). Hebrews 13:1–5 is
particularly heavy on the rules of the faith It is obvious from the text (5:11–14) that the recipients
were struggling to live their faith and this section offers very practical guidelines. Hebrews 11:6
balances this section emphasizing the faith, not behavior alone, is the only way to please God. The
first five practical guidelines given in 13:1–6 would have been fairly common in the church during
this time frame (Guthrie, G. 434). In the passages that follow contain seven more guidelines that
were more aimed at this particular audience (Guthrie, G. 434). Some differences that can be seen
from comparing translations reflect the word choices and grammar in the original text. In verse one
there is a distinct variation of tone in how love is addressed NRSV, RSV, ESV and NASB all start
this verse with the word "Let" starting the verse with the idea of allowing love to continue whereas
TNIV and NIV start the verse with the words "Keep on" communizing to continue doing. The
second is more consistent with the original language since this is this section of verses is a list of
imperatives, commanding or urging the recipient to take action, thus, the phrasing "must continue"
would be the best
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Comparing Jesus In The Gospel Of John And Luke's...
Each gospel presents Jesus as one person but with two natures: God and man. The political, social,
and religious aspects, of the gospels, help believers to understand God's message. For example, the
Hebrew background is important to understanding the gospel because it is directed to first century
Jews. The Hebrew background is primarily religious because the gospel message was first sent to
the Jews (Acts 1:8). The Roman period was stable when Jesus was born and the struggles of the
Jews were mainly of their own hearts. The Greek background is important to the gospel because the
Hellenistic culture paved the way for world–wide proclamation of God's message of salvation.
All of human history revolves around Jesus, the Person. The gospel of Matthew recorded Jesus as
the King promised from God who shall rule forever over Israel. Matthew's gospel contains
references to the fulfillment of the Old Testament prophecies. Matthew documented ... Show more
content on Helpwriting.net ...
Jesus transitioned from the ministration phase to the sacrifice phase by explicitly telling of His
coming death (Mark 8:27). Luke's gospel presents Jesus as the Nazarene, who is a prophet mighty in
deed and Word in the sight of God. Luke emphasized the universality of salvation from God through
the perfect God–man (Luke 24:47).
The gospel of John serves as the capstone revelation of the life and ministry of Christ (John 3:16).
John wrote to win unbelievers to a relationship with Jesus Christ by faith. John's gospel reveals the
evangelic founding and nurturing of the church, the epistles reveals the shaping of the church, and
the apocalyptic eternal future of the church. John's account records Jesus as the Son of God, gives
extension coverage on Jesus' ministry in the south, around Judea, the long spiritual truths of Jesus'
disclosures. John gives special attention to Jesus' death and
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Canon Shape & Structure in Jewish and Christian Bibles
Judaism and Christianity are derived from different times and places in the world. They share a
lengthy past and many of the same books. However, these communities are divergent in their
beliefs. The fundamental differences lie within the literary composition of each theology's sacred
texts. The shape and structure of the Jewish and Christian canons are arranged to substantiate each
community's religious beliefs.
Jews and Christians arranged their canons differently to obtain a specific outcome in relation to their
fundamental beliefs. First off, the Jews arranged their books in the Hebrew Bible to reflect their
covenantal relationship with God. The 24 books are organized by genre of scripture and tell the
history of God's relationship ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
These passages from the Book of Malachi emphasize the people's disobedience towards God and
desperate need for redemption, or as the Christian community would interpret it, a savior. For Jews,
this is a call to action and to return to God from devious ways. The Book of Malachi's place in the
middle of the Hebrew Bible reflects its significance as a moral lesson and warning. In the Christian
Bible, having this book placed last and the Gospels following it, there is a fulfillment of the
prophecies. For Christian communities, continuity is established through the prophecies of Jesus
Christ.
"In almost every case, the location of a biblical book relative to other canonical books, whether in
terms of the grouping in which it is placed, or the book(s) that follow or precede it, has
hermeneutical significance for the reader who seeks meaning in the text" (Goswell, 688). For
Christians and Jews, their understanding of scriptures purpose is derived from religious texts. The
textual arrangement portrays and supports an entirely different meaning to each community. For the
Jewish community, the canons reveal their belief in God and their role with the divine entity. The
books of the Hebrew Bible take particular significance with the Jewish community in
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Genesis : The Basis Of Judaism And Christianity
Creation The basis of Judaism and Christianity rely on the foundation set in the first chapters of their
respective books. For Judaism, Genesis sets the scene for how the world was created, while for
Christianity, Matthew is the first gospel that builds on Judaism to establish a new faith. The main
difference between the opening of the Hebrew Bible and the Christian New Testament, is that the
Christian New Testament does not explicitly state how the world or mankind came to be in its first
gospel, Matthew. This can be argued to be because the author of the Gospel of Matthew was a
second–temple Jew who wrote for an audience made up of other Jews. Proof for this argument can
be found in the wording in which the Christian New Testament begins as "an account of the
genealogy of Jesus the Messiah, the son of David, the son of Abraham" (Matthew 1:1). The Gospel
of Matthew does not give background to Abraham or his story. Presumably because it is assumed
that the readers are Jews who already know the story of Abraham from the Hebrew Bible –referred
to by Christians as the Old Testament. This is why the connotation of the importance of Abraham is
something that the reader is expected to know beforehand, especially sense it was God who gave
Abraham the promise that he would be "the ancestor of a multitude of nations" while his descendant
would form an "everlasting covenant" with God as long as they followed God's commands (Genesis
17:1) Furthermore, a reason why the Christian New
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Early Christian Traditions
The history of the New Testament canon is even more colorful. During the first few hundred years
of the early Christian era, there was no official canon that the entire Christian world recognized. The
Eastern and Western church traditions each used a differing list of books as scripture. Before 200
a.d., the Church fathers did not even mention Philemon, 2 Peter, 2 and 3 John, and Jude. The status
of these books was murky at best until after 400 a.d..
On the other hand, the Epistle of Barnabas, the Apocalypse of Peter, the Shepherd of Hermas, the
Didache, the Acts of Paul and the First Letter of Clement were considered by many Church fathers
to be part of the early Christian scriptures.
Early Christian Works Sometimes Considered Canonical ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net
...
Irenaeus, reacting to Marcion, tried to establish his own canon. Since there were a number of
gospels at that time, he decided that there should only be four "because there are only four winds
and four corners of the earth." Other Church fathers who followed Irenaeus accepted his decision.
Eusebius of Caesarea (260–339 a.d.) listed four categories of books.
1. The recognized books (the four gospels, Acts, fourteen letters of Paul, 1 Peter, 1 John, Revelation
[?]).
2. The disputed books (James, 2 Peter, 2, 3 John, and Jude). Paul's authorship of Hebrews is
questioned by many modern Biblical scholars, in spite the fact that Clement of Rome (quoted by
Eusebius) said that "the epistle to the Hebrews is Paul's." Hebrews is theologically and conceptually
connected with Paul while the same time, the grammar and vocabulary are quite different from
Paul's other books.
3. The spurious books (Acts of Paul, Shepherd of Hermas, Apocalypse of Peter, Epistle of Barnabas,
Didache, Gospel of Hebrews, Revelation [?]).
4. The heretical forgeries.
Eusebius accepted 1 and 2 Timothy, Titus, and the letter to Hebrews. In fact, he was the first to
declare Hebrews legitimate. There are two possible options that explain this historic
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Compare And Contrast The Authorship Of The Gospel Of Matthew
The authorship of the Gospel of Matthew has been investigated due to the gospel thought to be
written between A.D 75–80 (Green, 528). The gospel of Matthew's foundation is Antioch
presumably (Douglas, 631)." "The record of Papias's statement about Matthew survives only in
Eusebius (Hist. Eccl. 3.39.16). It reads 'Matthew collected (synetaxato) the oracles (ta logia) in the
Hebrew language (Hebraidi dialekto), and each interpreted (hermeneusen) them as best he could.
Origen affirms this tradition, adding only that the First Gospel was written for Jewish believers
(Hist. Eccl. 6.25.4) (Green, 527)." The language variation of the gospel and the author brings about
question to whether the Apostle Matthew was the author or someone else. In these findings it doesn't
suggest anyone else as the author and only states that he was most likely not the writer of this text.
"There are several arguments that have been used to argue that the First Gospel was not penned by
the apostle Matthew. Foremost, it is argued that if the First Gospel used Mark as its primary source,
it is most unlikely that an apostle (Matthew) would need to ... Show more content on
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Along with all of the healings in the book of Matthew other events occurred including; Jesus being
confronted with temptation in the wilderness while fasting after his baptism, Jesus preaching and
calling forth his disciples, and Jesus calming the storm on the sea along with many other
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The Question Of Why The Term Son Of Man Was Used By Jesus
For the believer, the question of why the term Son of Man was used by Jesus to represent himself at
face value remains curious. Particularly intriguing is Jesus' use of this identification Son of Man
since God's attributes are not fully comprehended in scope or nature in their entirety, save what has
been revealed to us in Scripture therefore it is humbling to realize that Jesus makes such a firm
association with mankind. Combined with Jesus' humanity there still remains a distinctive from His
title by the means which He uses to address (Moule, 1978) Himself.
"1 among those who still believe that it is Dan. 7 that gives it, in the Gospel tradition. its decisive
colour.' And what confirms me in this conclusion is. among other things. ... Show more content on
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There is some dispute over the nature of Jesus' mission with how (Van Aarde, 2005) future events
would be shaped by Christ.
"Scholars have divided themselves into three camps. Some say Jesus was a wisdom teacher and,
according to these scholars' understanding 5, it seems that wisdom excludes an apocalyptic mind–
set. Others disagree 6. But there is also a third option 7. According to these scholars, both presence
(immanence) and future (eschatology) exist within the spectrum of Jesus' vision. This complexity is
interwoven with the problem pertaining to the continuity and/or discontinuity of the son of man
sayings by Jesus and those by the Jesus groups after his death."
I believe that the Daniel 7 linkage to Jesus' use of Son of Man will justify an apocalyptic inclusion,
these facts do not disbar Jesus' present or future activities.
Aramaic, Hebrew or Greek?
The case of whether or not Hebrew or Aramaic was used by Jesus in the utterance of Son of Man is
difficult to ascertain, since Hebrew was used simultaneously in worship while Aramaic was used in
other daily living areas. Aramaic is considered to be the common language evidenced by the
findings of documents or fragments which proved to be items of textual contracts plus other written
documents of everyday life.
All of these findings have been found to be written in Aramaic. Bar enasha is further qualified by
Haupt, who gives the meaning to
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The Synoptic Problem Essay
Liberty University
The Synoptic Problem
A paper submitted to Dr. Charles Powell
In partial fulfillment of the Requirements for the course NBST 525
Liberty Theological seminary
By
La Shawn Self
Lynchburg, Virginia
Sunday, August 14, 2011
The books of the Gospels, Matthew, Mark, Luke and John; where written over 2000 years ago.
These books excluding the Gospel of John are often called the synoptic Gospels. The term synoptic
is derived from the Greek word meaning "seeing together." These three books are comparable in
their recording of the existence and ministry of Jesus. The wording of the synoptic Gospels is
similar as well. For example, the account of the healing of the leaper occurs in all three books and
the ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
The common belief among source critics is that, the Gospel of Mark is the oldest and Matthew and
Luke used his gospel along with an unknown source to write their Gospels. Evidence supporting this
view make the makes four points. First, the Luke's Gospel is contains approximately half of Mark's
information and Matthew's Gospel encompasses almost all of Mark's views. Second, Mark's words
are used verbatium Matthew and Luke. Third, Matthew and Luke follow the same sequence of
events as Mark. Finally, Matthew and Luke sometimes reword Mark's uncomfortable passages of
scripture to allow smooth transitions and ease of understanding.[5] Markan Priority The Markan
Priority is the belief that Mark was the first to write his account then Matthew and Luke used his
recordings along with an unknown source to write their accounts. Although it is said that Matthew
and Luke used Mark's account and another unknown source to write their versions of the gospel, it
is also believed that Mark used some unknown source to supplement his gospel as well.[6]
Weaknesses in the Markan Priority To accept the Markan Priority one must first denounce the word
of Jesus, "that the Holy Spirit would bring all things back to their remembrance"; the testimonies of
the early church leaders and historical facts. Also, if Matthew and Luke were present at the same
time that Mark was present, why would they need to use Mark's account?[7] Some authors believe
that
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The Gospels Of Matthew And Luke : The Birth Story Of...
The foundation of the Christian faith is cradled within the truth of the virgin birth, life, and
resurrection of Jesus Christ. As diverse as the world–wide Christian culture can be, the birth and life
of Jesus stands without border and language limitations. Each individual life story can remain
factual, yet adapted to be presented to a variety of audiences–as is the case with the birth story of
Jesus, the Messiah. The Gospels of Matthew and Luke are an example of the well–rounded, yet
diverse, narration of the birth story of Jesus–Matthew's narration spoke to the Jewish people and
Luke presented to the citizens of Rome.
Although both Gospels share common elements of the birth story of Jesus–Mary, Joseph, the angelic
announcement, an oppressive political ruler, difficult travel and Jesus' birthplace in Bethlehem–each
wrote to a different audience with a purposeful presentation of Jesus' birth.
The beginning of the Gospel of Matthew–written to the Jewish people–focused on the Jewish
genealogy of Jesus in order to reveal ways Jesus was the fulfillment of Jewish promises and
prophecies. Matthew was meticulous in the detail of the Abrahamic line and it played a significant
role in the birth story. For a Jewish individual to fully comprehend and accept Jesus as the Messiah,
it was imperative to first acknowledge who Jesus was within Jewish ancestry, and his subsequent
position as King of the Jews.
Jewish tradition passed down oral and written history for generations with
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The Hebrews And Greeks 's Value System
The Hebrews and Greeks, through their value systems, defined the founding principles of Western
Civilization. The Hebrews attribute their value system to God, and the Greeks attribute their value
system to their reason. The Christians and Romans carried and added to the values of the Hebrews
and Greeks respectively, maintaining their traditions well into the modern world. While the Hebrews
were more spiritual, the Greeks were far more rational. The Hebrews concerned themselves with the
hereafter, the life after death. The Greeks, on the other hand, concerned themselves with the here
and now, the life as it is being lived. Yet, despite their differences, the two groups managed to share
a similar objective: the creation of a moral foundation for their civilization which recognizes and
respects the special and distinct nature of human beings. The Hebrews' value system is centered
around their God, Yahweh. The Book of Genesis describes the special nature that God has with
humans. Unlike in other religions, the Hebrews describe their God as being sovereign, universal and
transcendent – Yahweh is an all–powerful being who derives his power from nothing else, a God to
all people, and exists outside the realm of this world. To further the gap between Judaism, the
Hebrew religion, and other contemporary religions is the concept that man is made in the image of
God. The description of a human being as a reflection of God highlights the humanistic attitude of
the Hebrews; the Hebrews
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The Gospel Of Matthew 1: The Genealogy Of The Bible
The genealogy of Matthew 1 is faithful to the genealogy of the Hebrew Bible. In other words, Jesus
is the one who has legitimately inherited the throne of Israel on line.
It is important that this is the genealogy of the Hebrew Bible.
All the Old Testament passages cited in the New Testament cite the Hebrew Bible, but rather the '70'
translated into Greek. However, the genealogy of the Bible is different from the Hebrew Biblical
genealogy.
In other words, the author of the Gospel of Matthew did not build a genealogy based only on the
Greek Bible, but intentionally identified the genealogy of the Hebrew Bible, and made a genealogy
in accordance with the genealogy.
In other words, Jesus is the rightful king of Israel according to the Hebrew Scriptures. Two hundred
years before the coming of Jesus, the Hebrew Scriptures were translated into the Greek, "common
language of all nations," ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
So when Herod was king of Judah and his position was in jeopardy, he wanted to kill Jesus, who
was born king of Judah. The Gospel of Matthew says, "The real king of Judah is not Herod, but
Jesus."
On the other hand, all the events reported by John are events of Jewish Jesus and his Jewish
disciples in Galilee and Judea. Especially the events in the southern Jewish land. Above all, the
interplay with Judaism in the Gospel of John is prominent, and it shows the richness of Judaism's
institutions, customs, theological categories, and concepts.
The characteristic of John's Gospel is the combination of eschatological dualism (temporal) and
Greek dualism (spatial) of Old Testament Judaism. Thus, John essentially has an Old Testament and
a Jewish background, and at that time Judaism has embraced the Greek elements under the influence
of long Greek
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Gospel of Matthew Essay example
The Teachings of Matthew
The Gospel according to Matthew is the first book in the New Testament, and also serves as a bridge
between the Old Testament and the New Testament. The gospel tells us of Jesus and his teachings. It
is believed that the Gospel originated with Matthew, one of Jesus' disciples, and it circulated
anonymously (Harris 149). The message in this gospel was compiled to minister to a Jewish and
Jewish–Christian community when tensions between early Christians and postwar Jewish leaders
aggravated bitter controversy. The Gospel of Matthew was written as an encouragement to the
Greek–speaking Jewish Christians and Gentiles who were, at least partly, Torah observant during the
80s C.E. probably at Antioch in Syria ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
(Isaiah 53:4)
In all his teaching to the crowds Jesus spoke in parables; in fact he never spoke to them without a
parable. This was to fulfill the prophecy of Isaiah: I will open my mouth in parables;
I will utter things kept secret since the world was made.
(Matthew 13:34–34) Mark my teaching, O my people, listen to the words I am to speak.
I will tell you a story with a meaning,
I will expound the riddle of things past, things that we have heard and know,
And our fathers have repeated to us.
(Psalms 78:2)
All this took place to fulfill what the Lord had said through the prophet: The virgin will be with
child and will give birth to a son, and they will call him Immanuel", which means −−
"God with us".
(Matthew 1:22–23) "Therefore, the lord himself will give you a sign: The virgin will be with child
and will give birth to a son, and will call him Immanuel.
(Isaiah 7:14)
(Harris 149 and 150) Matthew's teachings in the scripture insisted that Christians were to fast, pray
regularly, give charitable, and practice formal sacrifices (Matthew 6:16–18, 6:5–6, 6:2, and 5:23).
Equally as
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Book Of Acts Essay
BACKGROUND
At the birth of the Early Church there were no Gentiles within the Christian community. The
relationship between Judaism and Christianity became more complex as people began to accept
Gentiles into the church. The book of Acts makes clear to us that the conflict that had arisen was
between two different groups of Jewish people, the Hellenists and the Hebrews. The Hellenists,
although Jewish, were open to a Hellenistic culture unlike the Hebrews, and it was through them
that a connection to the gentile world was created. The Jewish church would eventually wain and the
leaders of the Christian movement proclaiming the Gospel would then become predominantly
Gentile.
THE EARLY CHURCH
The book of Acts is a very reliable source of information ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net
...
Using Antioch as a starting place to proclaim the power of the Gospel, he began his first of three
missionary journeys where he began his gentile mission. Paul's purpose form that time forward was
to bring the Gospel to all areas of the world and to open up the Church for everyone. Following this,
when persecution started to become fierce, the leaders of the Christian community in Jerusalem
made the decision to relocate to the City of Pella which was a gentile city. This provided yet another
opportunity for the Gospel to be proclaimed, and as time progressed the Jewish church found itself
in increasing isolation. Once converts became a part of the Christian movement the primary focus
on Jewish law started to diminish, and the Gentile community within the Church started to grow.
Around 135 CE leadership had passed into the hands of the Gentile Christians. The Law–observant
Jews proved to be unexpectedly resistant to the Gospel and non– observant Gentiles proved to be
unexpectedly receptive. The Jewish hierarchy's rejection of this Christian sect pushed the Church
into gentile territory thus aiding the shift from predominantly Jews to predominantly gentile. With
this being said, it is clear that in the Early days of Christianity the gentile church was closely
connected to the Jewish church that was in Jerusalem. Paul patterned the Gentile
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The Canon of Scripture Essay
Most Christians do not think about the canon of scripture or know what it is or means in theology.
Most take for granted the Bible they have and never question how it came into being. Today, we
have 39 books of the Old Testament and 27 books of the New Testament. There was a time,
however, that we did not have a canon. Bruce defines canon as books of the Bible that were
recognized to be considered scripture (p. 17). The importance of the canon and how it was
developed was intriguing to professor and author F.F. Bruce. He dedicated his book The Canon of
Scripture to explore and explain the formulation of the canon we have today. Bruce taught in
universities, including the University of Manchester, where he began to lecture students on the ...
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The third section dissects the formation of the New Testament with more historical context and
views of other writings defined as Gnostic writing. Bruce explains the spoken words of the apostles
carried as much authority as their written words and gives an in depth explanation how the Gospels
and Pauline writings were viewed by the Church Fathers. The rest of the section demonstrates the
Church Fathers and their views of what was to be considered scripture and the councils that affirmed
the inspired scripture. Bruce concludes by explaining the criteria used for writings to be considered
canon. He goes into more depth on the inspiration of the scriptures – an integral part of how the
canon came together. The close of the book is appended by two lectures that explore the "secret"
gospel of Mark and the Primary Sense and Plenary Sense of scripture. Bruce offers a solid
explanation of the formation of the canon chronologically starting with the Hebrew scriptures (p.
21) until the 4th century where church councils started to present the first spoken finished canon (p.
97). Bruce shows the importance of the Old Testament scriptures, but writes most about the New
Testament. He not only shows how the New Testament came to be a canon but offers a deep analysis
of non–canonical scripture called the Apocrypha (pp. 48, 90–93). Bruce offers impressive
observation into the Gnostic writers as it regards the
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Similarities Between Matthew And The Gospel Of John
The Gospels are essential texts of the Christian faith as they chronical the life of Jesus Christ. And
yet they are surrounded by controversies because they seem to conflict each other. But, in the case
of the Gospel of Matthew and the Gospel of John, this concern is truly misplaced. Looking closer at
the texts shows that they are not entirely dissimilar. Both texts are based in tradition and their
relation to Jesus. The texts come from the same founding idea but the difference lies in their uses of
tradition to convey different messages to the audience. The Gospel of Matthew uses tradition to
provide legitimacy to Jesus and paint him as a continuation of tradition, whereas the Gospel of John
alludes to traditional ideas to show Jesus as a ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
Similar to Matthew, John makes this obvious from the opening verse of the gospel in which he
rewrites the creation myth from the beginning of Genesis. Where Genesis states that "In the
beginning God created earth" (Genesis 1:1), the Gospel of John changes the text to say that "in the
beginning the was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God" (John 1:1). There
is no longer just God, there is the Word, or Jesus, and the reader is forced to now think about the
world in this way. Instead of bridging the gap between the Hebrew Bible and Jesus, John chooses to
changing the words and thus change the way the faith is thought about. John rewrites tradition
through Jesus and attempts to create a change in the way the faith works. During the crucifixion of
Jesus, John continues to allude to the Jewish tradition with subtle changes to past ideas. When on
the cross, a thirsty Jesus is given a drink from "a sponge full of vinegar on a hyssop" (John 19:29).
The reed of hyssop, though it could not have actually held a sponge, it's meant to remind the
audience of the tradition of using hyssop to spread blood on your door during Passover. And after
his death, John refers to the fulfillment of prophecy in 19:36, where scripture said that "not a bone
of him shall be broken." Subsequently, Jesus is pierced by the spear of a soldier and "there came out
blood and water" (John 19:34). All of these examples allude to the tradition of Passover. These
references, however, were originally about the sacrificial lamb to be slaughtered for use on the
sacred holiday. John takes this traditional idea and changes it, using the idea in reference to Jesus.
Both the cleansing blood and water that fall from Jesus and the bones that are not be broken are
meant to liken Jesus to the sacrificial lamb that saves the Jews. John leads the audience to believe
that it is no
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Hebrew Scriptures And The New Testament Gospels
1. Anachronism is a Greek word anachronous which means "against time." Therefore, is the
chronological misplacing of persons or things, that is to say; being out of the right time period and
out of place such as portraying Mary reading the bible.
Ethnocentrism is the perception of superiority in one's ethnic group, but it can also develop from
racial or religious differences. Therefore, we will be guilty of ethnocentrism when we impose our
cultural norms and values onto the cultural norms and values of Jesus and His contemporaries.
These are to be avoided when reading and reflecting on the bible for the simple reason that they
skew one's understanding and cause problem in reading the gospels by placing wrong dates for
biblical events. Second, ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
Hellenism is a term used to describe the influence and widespread of Greek culture on the peoples
the Greek and Roman Empires conquered and interacted with. It included the Greek language, ideas,
customs which went beyond Greece, Macedonia to other peoples and Region.
The influenced Hellenization had on Palestinian world of Jesus was that many patriotic Jews called
Hasidim (pious ones), refused to succumb to Antiochus, died. These are the Pharisees of Jesus' day.
Judas Maccabeus in 164 BCE revolt against the Syrians, defeated them and reclaimed the temple.
6. The major Palestinian groups in the first century Ce were the:
 Amha– 'aretz– the people of the land living in the countryside. Jesus directed his teachings public
ministry them.
 Pharisees – interpreters of the written and oral Mosaic law.
 Scribes – trained
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Gospel Of Matthew
Matthew was a publican, a tax collector and government worker, who dropped a lavish lifestyle to
be a disciple of Jesus. His gospel is thought to have many authors, and is in the two–source
hypothesis along with Mark and Luke. Matthew also known as Levi, wrote to prove that Jesus
Christ was the Messiah the Jewish people were promised. The Gospel of Matthew has multiple
themes found throughout: Jesus is the fulfillment of the Old Testament, God is grace and judgment.
This gospel cannot be dated exactly. Not much is known about the apostle Matthew, before he was
one of the 12 disciples was a employed by the Roman Empire, he collected taxes. He collected taxes
for Herod Antipas from commercial traffic. Matthew was the son of Alpheus, and born in the first
century in Galilee. Matthews Hebrew name Mattityahu means "gift of YHWH", or "gift of God",
and is referred to as Levi in Luke. Matthew has a simple call story, Jesus was walking around
Capernaum, where ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
Only 3% of Mark is uniquely Mark, 18% of Mark appears in 10% of Matthew. Mark is the earliest
and shortest gospel, Matthew and Luke were written by multiply people, Q, short for the German
word Quelle meaning source. "Introduction to the Gospel of Matthew" "Introduction to the Gospel
of Matthew." Blue Letter Bible, www.blueletterbible.org/study/intros/matthew.cfm. "Matthew
collected the oracles (ta logia) in the Hebrew language, and each interpreted them as best he could."
[4] This quote also introduces some problems. What was Papias referring to when he stated that
Matthew wrote in the Hebrew dialect? Meaning while Matthew was with Jesus he was collecting the
sayings of Jesus, and wrote it in Hebrew. Scholars translated it the best they could, scholars also say
that Matthew may have been originally written in Greek or Aramaic since most of Matthew was
extremely similar to
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The New Testament
5215218
In the center of the New Testament a centric theme is present –– Jesus is the Messiah and He has
helped bring salvation to Jews and Gentiles alike. In order to understand this theme throughout the
New Testament it has to be through the scope of the culture that Jesus was brought in and in of each
section of the New Testament. Jesus came a time when the Jewish culture was prospering, but also
under pressure from the Roman Empire. The Gospel's tell of the story of Jesus and how he proved to
be the Messiah. Then, the epistles further emphasize the importance of Jesus Messiah and how He
has brought salvation to all of humanity. Because Jesus is the center of the New Testament He also
should be the center of our lives and not treated as a moralistic therapeutic deity.
Jesus came into this world as a common Jewish citizen of Rome. Jesus performed most of His signs
and miracles in the rural regions populated by the Jewish community. He avoided Jerusalem because
of the lessons that He taught the people. The high priests did not enter these rural communities
because they were unsafe in them. Jesus chose twelve disciples to follow Him for two reasons. He
needed someone to continue on the work when He left and also to symbolize the twelve tribes of
Judah. Jesus is part of the Davidic line of kings, so He then exemplifies the King of the Jews. Jesus
proclaiming that He is the King of Jews also resonates the idea that He is the Messiah.
After Jesus left to heaven He also left
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Jesus Is The Name Of The Word
Jesus is the name we often used in English translation but comes from the Latin form of the Greek
name Joshua. The name also related to the Hebrew verb root and its noun forms Yesua, which means
deliver. The name is also related to the Old Testament term YHWH saves.
Therefore, the exact term Savior appears first, and is spoken by the Samaritans in John 4:42. The
title Nazarene applied to Jesus has been also used to describe Christians in Syria and Arabic
traditions. Although some of the terms and titles referring to Jesus in both New and Old Testament
have deeper meaning such as: Emmanuel, Lord, Messiah and son of man.
The Gospel of Matthew provides the name Emmanuel, which is taken from Isaiah 7:14, where it
refers to another child born ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
The birth of Jesus, on the other hand, counterbalanced the fall of Adam, bringing forth redemption
and repairing the damage done by Adam.
The theme is reiterated by Paul, in Romans 5:18–21, when he states:
Therefore just as one man 's trespass led to condemnation for all, so one man 's act of righteousness
leads to justification and life for all. For just as by the one man 's disobedience the many were made
sinners, so by the one man 's obedience the many will be made righteous. But law came in, with the
result that the trespass multiplied; but where sin increased, grace abounded all the more, so that, just
as sin exercised dominion in death, so grace might also exercise dominion through justification*
leading to eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.
Second of all, Jesus referring as lord is the ultimate reason that I put on my faith and surround my
life to him. Early Christians viewed Jesus as "the Lord" which mean God, lord or master appears
over 700 times in the New Testament, referring to him. In Greek this has at times been translated as
Kyrios. While the term Mari expressed the relationship between Jesus and his disciples during his
life, the Greek Kyrios came to represent his lordship over the world. According to Romans 10:9–13
Paul emphasized the value of the title, and stated that confessing by mouth and belief that Jesus is
Lord you will be save which signifies
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Saint Matthew Essay
Saint Matthew
The name Matthew comes from the Greek Maththaios, which is derived from the Hebrew or
Aramaic Mattiyah. His name means "gift of Yahweh" or simply "gift of God." Saint Matthew was
one of the twelve apostles and he wrote the Gospel according to Matthew. Although he was a
publican, it is said the Saint Matthew was a Jew. Before his conversion, he was a publican, which
was a tax collector, by profession. Not much is really known about Matthew later on in his life. His
beginning of apostolic activity started in the communities of Palestine. He wrote for his countrymen
in Palestine and composed his Gospel in his native Aramaic. This is refereed to as the "Hebrew
tongue" which is mentioned in the Gospel and the Acts of ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net
...
They doubt though that the apostle Matthew wrote the book. Whoever the actual author was, he is
identified as Jewish in origin, because his Gospel contains many references to Jewish Scripture, law,
and ways of life. Although not clear, some authorities think it was Palestine, and others think is was
another early Christian center, possibly the city of Antioch, where it was written.
Matthew's Gospel has been understood as Jewish–Christian in outlook. Matthew had a number of
purposes for writing the Gospel. One was "to instruct and exhort members of his community." He
has two broad categories of material: narrative and discourse. Many scholars conclude "Matthew's
primary intent was to write a handbook for church leaders to assist them in preaching, teaching,
worship, mission, and polemic." In his Gospel, Matthew focused clearly on
Jesus Christ and his kingdom as the good news of salvation. For Matthew, Jesus is not the son of
David, but he is the son of Abraham.
Notable in Matthew is its emphasis on Jesus as the promised Messiah and on matters pertaining to
the church. Evidence that it probably was written for Jewish Christians may be found which is
concerned with representing Jesus as the fulfillment of the Old Testament. The deep interest in the
disciples is emphasized in Matthew. Matthew gives the fullest account of how Jesus called them,
how he instructed them, how they failed him, and
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Leadership In The Hebrew Bible
While considering the Hebrew Bible against the New Testament, there is a great divide in the type
of leaders that are presented in each. This both has to do with identity and differences in some
beliefs between Jews and Christians, with the divide marked by the life of Jesus. In the narratives of
the Hebrew Bible, the leaders tend to be warriors. In Genesis, this is Abraham, then known as
Abram, defeated enemies, however he follows the archetype of the righteous warrior in that he does
not collect the spoils of his victory, and only battled for moral reasons, in this story family.
Similarly, Saul is named king in 1 Samuel to lead the military defeat of the Ammonites. Both
passages from the Psalms speak as to the wrath of God upon the
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John's Gospel: I AM
John's Gospel– "I AM" Taylor Fondie
Mathew, Mark, Luke and John the four Gospels in the Bible all sharing a common view or
significant stories except one. The Gospel of John is the most unique and distinct out the four. In
difference, none of the parables are documented in John, and only seven of the miracles are
highlighted. Alternately, John's Gospel conveys the meaning of Jesus by giving the readers an
extended insight and an extend understanding of him. In John it tells us that Jesus himself is the
Jewish Messiah that was prophesized in the Old Testament, who was appointed to earth by God in
human flesh, then allows his life to the cross and goes back to God. All with the perspective that we
may believe in him and ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
In the Gospel of John, there is a big difference in the literary structure– compared to the synoptic
Gospels. In the Synoptic Gospels you have short literary units of Jesus speaking, whereas John has
extended conversations of Jesus. Furthermore, the specific statement "I am" is used by Jesus in three
different ways. The first way, it shows up as a simple statement of identity here (4:26 and in 6:20;
18:5). Secondly, most often it is preceded by an affirmed nominative (6:35, 51; 8:12; 10:7, 9, 11, 14;
11:25; 14:6; 15:1,5). In this Gospel it has what is know as the seven miracles in John–The Bread of
Life,The Light of the World, The Gate, The Good Shepherd, The Resurrection and the Life, The
Way the Truth and the Life and The Vine; the miracles that John selected specifically show us and
help us believe that Jesus is who he claimed to be, and if we have the ability to believe we shall have
eternal life. In each of the miracles "I am" is stated for us to know it is truly Jesus talking. Moreover,
in the Old Testament we will also see, this "I am" statement being used often, offering the best
background for understanding its use in this Gospel. Paralleling the statement to Exodus 3:14, the
passage in which God announces his name to Moses, the Greek Septuagint converts the Hebrew
phrase as "I am the Existing One." This depiction of the divine name in Greek is paralleled else
where in the Old Testament. Another
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The Foundations Of The Canons
The Foundations of the Canons John 14: 26 states but the Helper, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father
will send in my name, he will teach you all things and bring to your remembrance all that I have
said to you (). This verse is an explanation from Christ about the role of the Holy Spirit in teaching
and recalling events that took place during his time on earth. It is through the witness of the Spirit
that man can determine the "wheat from the chaff."() The early church had the writing of the Old
Testament but did not have a formal set of canonized books regarding the Messiah to draw their
inspiration from. Though they had letters from Apostles there were many heretical writings that
were circulating throughout the lands that were teaching doctrine different from those who knew
Christ personally. Josephus stated that no one had been bold enough to add, take away, or change the
wording in the Old Testament scripture (), this was what the Church was looking for in forming a
canon that related to the teaching of Christ; a type of written text that would be foundational
therefore no one would want to take away or add to it. The early church was using the four Gospels
and the letters of many of the Apostles in their church teachings. The churches focused on the
importance of the authors being in a first–hand relationship or direct correlation to a disciple such as
Mark was to Peter and Luke was to Paul (). The Apostles took some time to write down their
experiences because
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Jesus, The Son Of Man
For numerous believers, the question remains curious of why the term Son of Man was used by
Jesus in self representation. Particularly intriguing is Jesus' use of this identification since God's
attributes are not fully comprehended in scope or of nature in their entirety, save what has been
revealed to us in Scripture. Therefore it is humbling to realize that Jesus makes such a firm
association with mankind. Combined with Jesus' humanity there still remains distinctive from His
title, the means which He uses to address (Moule, 1978) Himself.
"1 among those who still believe that it is Dan. 7 that gives it, in the Gospel tradition. it's decisive
colour. And what confirms me in this conclusion is among other things the fact that ... Show more
content on Helpwriting.net ...
There is some dispute over the nature of Jesus' mission with how (Van Aarde, 2005) future events
would be shaped by Christ.
"Scholars have divided themselves into three camps. Some say Jesus was a wisdom teacher and,
according to these scholars' understanding 5, it seems that wisdom excludes an apocalyptic mind–
set. Others disagree 6. But there is also a third option 7. According to these scholars, both presence
(immanence) and future (eschatology) exist within the spectrum of Jesus' vision. This complexity is
interwoven with the problem pertaining to the continuity and/or discontinuity of the son of man
sayings by Jesus and those by the Jesus groups after his death."
I believe that the Daniel 7 linkage to Jesus' use of Son of Man will justify an apocalyptic inclusion,
these facts do not disbar Jesus' present or future activities.
Aramaic, Hebrew or Greek?
The case of whether or not Hebrew or Aramaic was used by Jesus in the utterance of Son of Man is
difficult to ascertain since Hebrew was used simultaneously in worship while Aramaic was used in
other daily living areas. Aramaic is considered the common language evidenced by the findings of
documents or fragments which proved to be items of textual contracts plus other written documents
of everyday life.
Consequently, all of these findings have been found to be written
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Authorship, Audience And Genre Of The Gospel Of Matthew
1. Authorship, audience and genre of the Gospel of Matthew
Authorship:
Most scholars, but not R.T. France (2007, pp14–22), believe that Matthew's Gospel was written by a
scribe, not the Apostle Matthew and that it was written approximately between AD 80– 90. France
states that if the book was written at this time– it was within Matthew's lifetime, and thus authorship
cannot be proven.
A key reason pointing to the Gospel being written by a scribe is that the Gospel was written in
Greek and that the author is very familiar with the Hebrew Bible, connecting his five discourses
with Hebrew Scriptures. Even though tax collectors, like Matthew, were known to be literate it is
not necessarily true that they would be fluent in Hebrew, Aramaic ... Show more content on
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The tell the story of Jesus' birth, Passion, Death and Resurrection.
The direct teachings of Jesus give instructions of how to live as Christians and the Parables were
used in the Gospel to immediately confront us with a truth and evoke a change. (Fee & Stuart,2003,
p. 152). The five major discourses of Matthew's Gospel are centred around five lengthy Sermons
using parables to make a point and call the people to make a change.
2. Brief synopsis of Matthew 16:13–23
Matthew 16: 13– 23 is the confession of Peter of Jesus true identity and the Prophecy of Jesus' death
and resurrection.
In previous chapters, the real identity of Jesus is unknown– the crowds wonder if he is the Son of
David (Matt 12:23), the disciples previously said that he was "the Son of God (Matt 8:29, 14:33)
and Jesus himself identifies himself as "the Son of Man" (Matt 10: 23; 2:8; 12:40) and even likening
himself to a Prophet (Matt 13:57).
In Chapter 16, Jesus asked His disciples who people said He was, and who they, His disciples, think
He was. This comes at a point of time where the disciples have been witness to the Pharisees and
Sadducees wanting to test Jesus (Matt 16:1) and Jesus refusal to do so and when Jesus told them to
beware of the teachings of the Pharisees and Sadducees (Matt 16:12).
It is here that Simon Peter answers "You are the Messiah, the Son of the Living God" (Matt 16:13–
16). Jesus acknowledges this truth and tells Peter that the only way he could
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Thematic Paper On The Gospels
Name:
Institution;
Course:
Tutor:
Date:
Thematic Paper on the Gospels The three synoptic gospels are almost indifferent in relation to the
major themes of concern in the bible. The only different gospel book on how the themes are
presented is the book of John. One of the major themes of concern in the gospel books is about the
'Kingdom of God' which is similarly referred to as the 'Kingdom of Heaven'. The gospel writers
present how the kingdom of god is like through the stories of Jesus Christ. Statements in the gospels
affirm that the kingdom of god is there with the people, according to Jesus' teachings and that the
kingdom of god is also to come again with the second coming of Christ's coming. Theologists
therefore came up with schools ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
Mark addresses his message to the romans. The message in the gospel of mark aims at encouraging
romans who had been subjected to tribulations. Mark underscores the action of jesus. Mark also
identifies jesus as the son of godwho hs come to fulfill the will of god. Messianic secret is one of the
major themes in the gospel of mark. According to the gospel, jesus' secretive nature is revealed.
Jesus teaches his disciples in secret. He performs miracles of healing to many and commands the
healed persons to tell anyone not about their miraculous healings. Jesus even silences the demons
that identify him. The gospel of luke talks about salvation as the main aspect of inheriting the
kingdom of god. The gospel asserts further that the salvation spreads across the universe and its
creatures. The kingdom of god is purportedly shown to be emanating in the latter heavens and the
earth as a whole. The kingdom of god is shown to have started in the days of jesus' ministry which
were impacted by the power of the kingdom of god. The message in the gospel shows that initially
people experienced a radical and transforming process of salvation. Mark also emphasizes on the
death of jesus as it is in the other gospels. The death of jesus and its significance is seen to be a
common theme in all the four gospels. Mark does the same by focusing on the death and return of
jesus in his second coming to the sinfull generation in place. He suggests
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Apostle Paul Essay
Introduction The disciples of Jesus Christ were faithful to record the words and actions of the Lord.
Through His actions and character, Jesus Christ influenced history. Jesus Christ was crucified, died,
and resurrected, which changed world history as we know it. He told his disciples He would die and
on the third day he would be resurrected. Jesus died to pay the sin debt of the world. The Lord led a
sinless life, but was the one who took on the sins of the world. There is no other person who has had
as much of an impact in history as Jesus Christ. The apostle Paul, who once rejected Jesus Christ,
later became one of the greatest men of God. In the history of the Christian church, he was the most
significant missionary. He was ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
Before getting into Paul as a missionary, it is important to understand his background. Who was
Paul and how did his work have an impact on Christianity? Understanding the background of Paul
will help us understand the words that he wrote. If you have your Bibles, please turn with me to
Acts, chapter 22. Verse 3 gives six facts in one sentence outlining the background of Paul. "I am a
Jew, born in Tarsus of Cilicia, but brought up in this city, educated under Gamaliel, strictly
according to the law of our fathers, being zealous for God just as you all are today." Tarsus was in
the southeastern part of Asia Minor and the major city in Cilicia. Paul was born in Tarsus and a
citizen of this "no ordinary city" (Acts 21:39). Paul said he was "brought up in this city" which
suggests he came from Tarsus to Jerusalem and received his education there at an early age. Tarsus
was a privileged and prosperous city. More importantly, Paul was a citizen of Rome. It was a
privilege to be a citizen of the Roman Empire. In fact, only a small percentage of the population
who lived within the Roman Empire had received Roman citizenship. Paul proclaimed, "I was
actually born a citizen" (Acts 22:28). The text does not say how Paul became a Roman citizen. It is
possible that Paul's father or other family member completed some important service for the Roman
Empire. Paul's Roman Citizenship was pivotal for his capacity serving as a missionary to the Roman
Empire.
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The Book Of Revelation
Esther Park
REL 371
Week 6 – The Book of Revelation The book of Hebrews was written by a Christian scholar and not
by one of the Gospels. I knew that many authors made up the New Testament but I did not know
scholars wrote some books a well. Hebrews writer was someone who linked the Hebrew Bible along
with Greek philosophy. The writer never identifies himself but his views on the end times were very
strong. He assumes that there is an existence of two parallel worlds: the eternal and the perfect realm
of spirits. This is something that I have never heard before. This writer is the only person to speak of
Jesus as the mediator between God and humanity. He has so much insight on what was happening or
what was to happen but we do not know who this person was. Hebrew is written very differently and
some of the ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
John wrote the book of Revelation and he was not a synoptic gospel. The fact that John was chosen
to be the author of this book speak volumes of what God wanted for him. The book of Revelation is
hope but not many people can see that through the doom and gloom that it screams at you. It seems
as though it will be a scary time when the end comes but it shouldn't be for the believers. We
constantly deal with what we do not know and we want to make to know what is going to actually
happen. I always wonder who the anti–Christ is going to be and I think every year I guess someone
new. It's a scary thought but the end result of the Revelation will be us in heaven with our Father.
We will go through the hard times to get to the end which is our hope for the future. The Charles
Manson documentary was scary too as I was just watching him think he was doing everything right.
He justified what he was doing by the readings from the Bible. Many can interpret this book wrong
and Charles Manson was one of many that took the book completely out of
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Romans 7-25 Thesis
Introduction: This is an exegesis paper over the passage of Romans 7:7–25. The purpose of this
exegesis paper is to help the reader know the context of the book of Romans and where the passage
of Romans 7:7–25 fits into the rest of the book. In addition I will be covering the author, date,
purpose, audience, historical, geographical, and cultural background to help the reader gasp the
entirety of the context. Author: The author of Romans is the apostle Paul (Romans 1:1), who in
addition to writing Romans, wrote 12 other epistles specific to the church and to individual persons.
Paul, originally given the Hebrew name Saul due to his Hebrew descent from the tribe of Benjamin
(Philippians 3:5) was assumed to be born sometime around the time
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
The Syncretity Of Christianity : The Four Gospels Of The...
Not long after the Day of Pentecost believers had to defend their faith from false teachers seeking to
dilute, or subdue the power in the Gospel of Jesus. To combat heresy, orthodoxy had to be defined
both by creed, and by the approval of writings recognized as God's inspired Word. The Canon we
study today remains the same powerful Scripture that has been transforming lives for thousands of
years. Alternate doctrines and beliefs of the person of Christ and proper worship sprang up within
the time of the first apostles. It was for this reason the first writings to the Churches and then the
four Gospels of the New Testament were written to believers (Shelly, & Hatchett, 2013, p.51–53).
Paul wrote the letter to the church at Colossae addressing syncretism within the church. Paul urged
the Colossians to trust in the supremacy of Christ, and to do away with ideas added to the truth of
the Gospel (Alexander & Alexander, 2009, p.723; Cairns, 1996, p.97). John's Gospel expresses both
Christ as fully human, and declares Christ is also fully God. Written in the late first century, John's
gospel is written to those who already knew the facts of Jesus life, but concepts are dealt with
concerning both the Jewish and Hellenistic worldviews (Alexander & Alexander, 2009, p.621–22).
Wither rebuking the forced circumcision of Christians, or declaring the Deity and incarnation of
Christ, many of the writings of the New Testament were written in part to dispel wrong beliefs and
practices
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
What Is Divisiveness?
The passages presented are divisive in the way that they are interpreted. They create a debate as to
who is the "real Jews," and those that believe that they are the real Jews claiming authority over
others. This view includes self–identifying Christians claiming that they are the ones that are the
"favoured by God." The various passages presented allow for this interpretation. This divisiveness
and inferiority between groups begins in the story of Cain and Abel. Those that claim to be
descended from the third son, Seth, can claim that they are morally superior than those descended
from Cain, and therefore are superior to them in the eyes of God. This argument, from thousands
and thousands of years ago, has been used into the modern ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net
...
In these Gospels, the writers claim that Jesus is the descendent of the righteous characters, such as
David, Jacob, Seth, and Shem. This reclamation of Jewish characters into Christian history allows
for Christians to consider themselves as the "real Jews," and claim that God favours them over the
Jews. Furthermore, in Luke 3, John the Baptist discredits the leaders of the Jewish faith, claiming
that they are corrupt and out of favour with God. This has implications that eventually lead to the
Crusades. Since Christians interpreted texts to believe that they are the "real Jews," they believed
that they were entitled to what God had promised the Jews in the Hebrew Bible, mainly the "Holy
Land." This view of Christians as the descendants of the righteous Jewish characters, making them
superior in their faith is presented again in Hebrews 11. Hebrews 11:2 goes as far as to say that "by
faith our ancestors received approval." Passages like this allow Christians to believe that they are
superior to those of other faiths by simple virtue of their ancestors. Similarly, in Galatians 4, Paul
(assuming Paul actually wrote the Pauline epistles) writes that the Jewish people are not descended
from Sarah, as written in Genesis, but rather from Hagar. He further states that the only people that
are free are the descendants of Sarah, placing Christians in a position to be the "real Jews," as those
that identify as descended from Hagar are the Muslims, who are, by definition, not Jewish or
Christian. By grouping those that considered themselves Jewish at the time with Muslim, it nullifies
their Jewish identity and transfers it to Christians, allowing them to consider themselves the "real
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
What Is The Epistle Of Paul To The Hebrews?
The author of this particular book of the Bible is unknown, making the book of Hebrews.
Although this is the case, there have been many speculations to who the author could be. For 1200
years (400–1600 AD) Hebrews was referred to as ""The Epistle of Paul to the Hebrews." But as
theologian discover there is no real reason to believe that Paul would be the author of Hebrews. The
author never identifies himself as Paul and authority of the apostolic nature is no mention which is
not typical of the other Pauline letters. The authors differ on the theological as well, while Paul
highlighted the resurrection and the sanctifying feature Jesus Christ, the author focus more on the
exaltation and the redemptive work of Christ, plus the high priesthood
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...

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Tanakh Vs Old Testament Essay

  • 1. Tanakh Vs Old Testament Essay Tanakh Versus The Christian's Old Testament Often times when discussing the Old Testament it is commonly considered as synonymous to the Hebrew Bible, although there are significant difference between the two. Most Protestant versions of the Old Testament have exactly the same books as the Hebrew Bible, though in a slightly different order (Harris, 1980, p. 2). In the Jerusalem Bible, the English edition of the Old Testament, the Apocrypha are integrated with the other books of the Hebrew Bible. The main differences that will be focused on are the structure of the Hebrew Bible, the three–part Hebrew Bible, and original written language. To introduce the Hebrew Bible, we must first have an understanding of the structure. The Hebrew Bible is also known as Mikra, or Tanakh. Tanakh is an acronym referring to the Jewish three–part division of the Bible, which will be discussed later. The Hebrew Bible holds twenty–four books. These books narrate the early history of the Jewish nation and an individual can learn about God's plan for the world and His relationship with mankind. Out of higher respect for God, Hebrew Bible never refers to God as God but as His Hebrew name Yahweh. Also, Tanakh is often made in a form of a scroll with pure gold or silver trimmings. In like manner, the Christian Bible, as ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Classical Hebrew is the Semitic tongue spoken in ancient Israel (Harris, 1980, p. 8,9). Later books were composed in Aramaic, dialect closely related to Hebrew and possibly the native language of Jesus and his disciples. In contrast, the New Testament was written in the language associated with Classical Greek. The Greek language and culture became so prevalent throughout the eastern Mediterranean in the last centuries before Christ that the large Jewish population living in Egypt fixed to translate their Scriptures from Hebrew and Aramaic into ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 2.
  • 3. Early Christianity Justin Bowman Early Christianity The old testament is the first part of the Christian Bible, comprising thirty–nine books and corresponding directly to the Hebrew Bible. Most of the books were originally written in Hebrew between about 1200 and 100 BC. They comprise the chief texts of the law, history, prophecy, and wisdom literature of the ancient people of Israel. The old testament and the new testament connection between the two is the covenant. (McFarland 1/12) The new testament is the second part of the Christian Bible, written originally in Greek and recording the life and teachings of Jesus and his earliest followers. It includes the four Gospels, the Acts of the Apostles, twenty–one epistles by St. Paul and others, and the book of ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... The Resurrection and the delay of parasouia was a key event in the New Testament. The way he described the people of Jerusalem was that they were looking through colored glasses to see the Resurrected Jesus Christ. Jesus was supposed to have the everlasting live. The disciples experienced Jesus being reborn or resurrected. It was the first they have ever seen to have life after death. The New Testament has four main Gospels; Mark, Matthew, Luke, and John. A Gospel is a teaching of Christ. Each Gospel is telling about how Jesus worshiped God and his disciples. The New Testament was not written at one time and that it was not written by one man. At least eight different men wrote different parts of the New Testament over a period of many long years. Although, we know that we do not have all the writings of even these eight men. For example, Paul mentions in 1 Corinthians 5:9 that he had written an earlier epistle to the church at Corinth. That letter has not been preserved for us. It is likely that some other writings of Paul, as well as those of Peter, James, Matthew, etc., are not included in the New Testament and have been lost ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 4.
  • 5. Why Are The Four Gospels Essay Hayford 3 Ryan Hayford Mr. Stanczyk Sophomore Theology Honors 25 September 2017 Why are there 4 Gospels? 1) Why do we have 4 different accounts (gospels) of Jesus' life and teachings? The gospel writers tell us the story about the life of Christ, told from different perspectives because each disciple had a unique message to a different audience. They were written between two generations after the death of Jesus, and are based on the stories of Jesus and his ministry, told by his followers. The church did not combine these accounts into one gospel, but preserved them as four, maintaining their individual views of the teachings, ministry and life of Jesus. In Matthew, Jesus was the Messiah of Israel. He is the ideal servant ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... They would only listen to their own, so the strategies Mark used were to draw parallels between the life of Jesus and events from Israel's history. His gospel parallels the Torah, the most sacred book of the Hebrew Bible, and the five books of Moses. It tells the relationship of Jesus to the Old Testament prophets. Matthew wrote to prove that Jesus is the fulfillment of the Messiah's prophecy; the King of the Jews. He records how the promises God made in the Old Testament, are realized in Jesus. Matthew encouraged Jewish converts to maintain their Hebrew Scriptures, which now gained significance through Jesus and continue to be the sacred scribe of the kingdom of heaven. 3) Who was Mark's primary audience? What unique strategies does he use to address this audience? Mark's gospel was written Christians who were living under threat of persecution by the Jews in the Roman Empire who were unfamiliar with the Jewish religion. Christ is portrayed as the servant and the son of God. Since Mark was not written to a Jewish audience, his strategy was to explain customs that Jews would have known, that the Romans would be unfamiliar with. His gospel is action–packed with the powerful ministries of Christ, to show He could meet their deepest needs. 4) Who was Luke's primary audience? What unique strategies does he use to address this ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 6.
  • 7. Comparing The Birth Stories In The Gospels Of Matthew And... Compare and contrast the birth stories in the Gospels of Matthew and Luke. How do the differences set up distinct theological emphases in each Gospel? The foundation of the Christian faith is cradled within truth of the virgin birth, life, and resurrection of Jesus Christ. As diverse as the world–wide Christian culture is, the truth in the birth and life of Jesus stands without border and language limitations. Just as each individual life story can be adapted to be relevant for a variety of audiences, the birth story of the Messiah was also. The Gospels of Matthew and Luke are an example of the well–rounded and diverse narration of the birth story of Jesus–Matthew's narration spoke to the history of the Jewish people and Luke presented to the citizen of Rome. In the Gospel of Matthew, the focus on the Jewish genealogy of Jesus played a significant role in the birth story. To fully understand Jesus, it was imperative to first acknowledge who Jesus was within Jewish ancestry and his subsequent position as King of the Jews. Jewish tradition passed down the oral and written story of Messianic prophecies for generations. To provide the correlation between the anticipated Messiah and the fulfillment through Jesus, Matthew affirmed prophecies throughout the birth story with two significant fulfillments–Abraham's promised seed [offspring] and the virgin birth. Matthew, a man of Jewish descent, connects a direct ancestral line from Jesus to the patriarch of the Hebrew ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 8.
  • 9. The portrayal of jesus christ in the four gospels of the... Portrayals of jesus in the gospels Short Writing Assignment #2 Each of the four gospels contained in the New Testament portrays a different and unique portrait of Jesus. Mark 's gospel represents Jesus as the suffering servant, while Matthew shows Jesus as the new Moses. Luke stresses Jesus ' inclusion of the outcasts and then John 's non–synoptic gospel shows Jesus as God 's presence and as an otherworldly figure. Mark portrays Jesus as a powerful yet unrecognized and suffering Messiah. Stories throughout the gospel show Jesus to have control over storms, water and demons. He is able to heal lepers, cripples and people with withered limps. He also has undaunted authority over everything including sin and Sabbath laws. Yet the theme of ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... The major theme of this gospel is that Jesus is savior. He is the savior of the whole world not just the Jews. Luke portrays Jesus as a passionate messiah by stressing his inclusion of the outcasts. Jesus associated with the tax collectors, woman and physically disadvantaged. Jesus denounces the rich and comfortable in this gospel during the Sermon on the Mount. Luke also downplays Jesus ' suffering by excluding much of it from his gospel. An example of this is the ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 10.
  • 11. A Greco Roman Audience On The Gospel Of Luke A Greco–Roman Audience Readers of the Gospel of Luke often try to identify Luke's intended audience. Understanding Luke's intended audience can provide insight into how Luke used current culture to strategically spread the word of God. Specifically, we can look at the period of Hellenization, along passages, to interpret Luke's Gospel as intended for a Greco–Roman audience. After the campaigns of Alexander the Great, but before the Birth of Jesus, Palestine endured a period of Hellenization. This period of Hellenization brought a sense of unity to Alexander's empire, as Greek culture, language, politics and religions spread. Greek culture was so strong that even the Hebrew kings felt compelled to take Greek names in an effort to integrate. However, Alexander's rule did not last for long. Eventually, King Herod took control, splitting the empire into three parts, two of which were ruled by Herod's sons. The Herodian dynasty brought Roman influences in architecture, language, economics and culture, mixing with the Greco–influence from Alexander's reign. Jesus was born into a world filled with Greco–Roman culture. Thus, it was imperative that Luke understood the culture and framed his writing in a way that attracted the Greco–Romans. Luke begins his Gospel, which was written in Greek, with a dedication to Theophilus, "It seemed good to me also, having followed all things closely for some time past, to write and orderly account for you, most excellent Theophilus..."(Luke ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 12.
  • 13. Romans 7: 7-25 Exegesis Paper Exegesis: Romans 7:7–25 This is a biblical exegesis of the passage Romans 7:7–25. The purpose of this exegesis paper is to inform the reader of the surrounding context surrounding the passage such as the author, date, purpose, audience, historical, cultural, literary and geographical context. It also includes interpretation and application of what this passage intends to its original audience, and its flow with the entirety of scripture. The authorship of Romans is recorded in Romans 1:1 "Paul, a servant of Christ Jesus, called to be an apostle, set apart for the Gospel of God," Given the Hebrew name Saul was latter given the Greek name Paul, Acts 13:9 "Then Saul, who was also called Paul," Paul was born in Tarsus, the chief city of Cilicia. Acts 22:3 "I am a Jew, born in Tarsus of Cilicia, but brought up in the city," ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... This supernatural occurrence happened while Paul was on the road to Damascus to punish the Christian prisoners. For once being a man who sought to destroy the gospel and persecute Christians, now is spreading the same gospel he once desired to extinguish. Based on what the scriptures say, we also know Paul was a Roman citizen. "When the centurion heard this, he went to the commander and told him, saying, 'What are you about to do? For this man is a Roman.' The commander came and said to him, 'Tell me, are you a Roman?' And he said, 'Yes.' The commander answered, 'I acquired this citizenship with a large sum of money.' And Paul said, 'but I was actually born a citizen.'" Acts ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 14.
  • 15. Hebrews 13 : Notes On The Bible Hebrews 13:1–5 sets up the conclusion of the book which including a warning about being carried away by "strange teaching" (13:9), a call to go "outside the camp" (13:11–14) perhaps in a missional way as well as some final instructions and a personal salutation (13:15–25). Hebrews 13:1–5 is particularly heavy on the rules of the faith It is obvious from the text (5:11–14) that the recipients were struggling to live their faith and this section offers very practical guidelines. Hebrews 11:6 balances this section emphasizing the faith, not behavior alone, is the only way to please God. The first five practical guidelines given in 13:1–6 would have been fairly common in the church during this time frame (Guthrie, G. 434). In the passages that follow contain seven more guidelines that were more aimed at this particular audience (Guthrie, G. 434). Some differences that can be seen from comparing translations reflect the word choices and grammar in the original text. In verse one there is a distinct variation of tone in how love is addressed NRSV, RSV, ESV and NASB all start this verse with the word "Let" starting the verse with the idea of allowing love to continue whereas TNIV and NIV start the verse with the words "Keep on" communizing to continue doing. The second is more consistent with the original language since this is this section of verses is a list of imperatives, commanding or urging the recipient to take action, thus, the phrasing "must continue" would be the best ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 16.
  • 17. Comparing Jesus In The Gospel Of John And Luke's... Each gospel presents Jesus as one person but with two natures: God and man. The political, social, and religious aspects, of the gospels, help believers to understand God's message. For example, the Hebrew background is important to understanding the gospel because it is directed to first century Jews. The Hebrew background is primarily religious because the gospel message was first sent to the Jews (Acts 1:8). The Roman period was stable when Jesus was born and the struggles of the Jews were mainly of their own hearts. The Greek background is important to the gospel because the Hellenistic culture paved the way for world–wide proclamation of God's message of salvation. All of human history revolves around Jesus, the Person. The gospel of Matthew recorded Jesus as the King promised from God who shall rule forever over Israel. Matthew's gospel contains references to the fulfillment of the Old Testament prophecies. Matthew documented ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Jesus transitioned from the ministration phase to the sacrifice phase by explicitly telling of His coming death (Mark 8:27). Luke's gospel presents Jesus as the Nazarene, who is a prophet mighty in deed and Word in the sight of God. Luke emphasized the universality of salvation from God through the perfect God–man (Luke 24:47). The gospel of John serves as the capstone revelation of the life and ministry of Christ (John 3:16). John wrote to win unbelievers to a relationship with Jesus Christ by faith. John's gospel reveals the evangelic founding and nurturing of the church, the epistles reveals the shaping of the church, and the apocalyptic eternal future of the church. John's account records Jesus as the Son of God, gives extension coverage on Jesus' ministry in the south, around Judea, the long spiritual truths of Jesus' disclosures. John gives special attention to Jesus' death and ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 18.
  • 19. Canon Shape & Structure in Jewish and Christian Bibles Judaism and Christianity are derived from different times and places in the world. They share a lengthy past and many of the same books. However, these communities are divergent in their beliefs. The fundamental differences lie within the literary composition of each theology's sacred texts. The shape and structure of the Jewish and Christian canons are arranged to substantiate each community's religious beliefs. Jews and Christians arranged their canons differently to obtain a specific outcome in relation to their fundamental beliefs. First off, the Jews arranged their books in the Hebrew Bible to reflect their covenantal relationship with God. The 24 books are organized by genre of scripture and tell the history of God's relationship ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... These passages from the Book of Malachi emphasize the people's disobedience towards God and desperate need for redemption, or as the Christian community would interpret it, a savior. For Jews, this is a call to action and to return to God from devious ways. The Book of Malachi's place in the middle of the Hebrew Bible reflects its significance as a moral lesson and warning. In the Christian Bible, having this book placed last and the Gospels following it, there is a fulfillment of the prophecies. For Christian communities, continuity is established through the prophecies of Jesus Christ. "In almost every case, the location of a biblical book relative to other canonical books, whether in terms of the grouping in which it is placed, or the book(s) that follow or precede it, has hermeneutical significance for the reader who seeks meaning in the text" (Goswell, 688). For Christians and Jews, their understanding of scriptures purpose is derived from religious texts. The textual arrangement portrays and supports an entirely different meaning to each community. For the Jewish community, the canons reveal their belief in God and their role with the divine entity. The books of the Hebrew Bible take particular significance with the Jewish community in ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 20.
  • 21. Genesis : The Basis Of Judaism And Christianity Creation The basis of Judaism and Christianity rely on the foundation set in the first chapters of their respective books. For Judaism, Genesis sets the scene for how the world was created, while for Christianity, Matthew is the first gospel that builds on Judaism to establish a new faith. The main difference between the opening of the Hebrew Bible and the Christian New Testament, is that the Christian New Testament does not explicitly state how the world or mankind came to be in its first gospel, Matthew. This can be argued to be because the author of the Gospel of Matthew was a second–temple Jew who wrote for an audience made up of other Jews. Proof for this argument can be found in the wording in which the Christian New Testament begins as "an account of the genealogy of Jesus the Messiah, the son of David, the son of Abraham" (Matthew 1:1). The Gospel of Matthew does not give background to Abraham or his story. Presumably because it is assumed that the readers are Jews who already know the story of Abraham from the Hebrew Bible –referred to by Christians as the Old Testament. This is why the connotation of the importance of Abraham is something that the reader is expected to know beforehand, especially sense it was God who gave Abraham the promise that he would be "the ancestor of a multitude of nations" while his descendant would form an "everlasting covenant" with God as long as they followed God's commands (Genesis 17:1) Furthermore, a reason why the Christian New ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 22.
  • 23. Early Christian Traditions The history of the New Testament canon is even more colorful. During the first few hundred years of the early Christian era, there was no official canon that the entire Christian world recognized. The Eastern and Western church traditions each used a differing list of books as scripture. Before 200 a.d., the Church fathers did not even mention Philemon, 2 Peter, 2 and 3 John, and Jude. The status of these books was murky at best until after 400 a.d.. On the other hand, the Epistle of Barnabas, the Apocalypse of Peter, the Shepherd of Hermas, the Didache, the Acts of Paul and the First Letter of Clement were considered by many Church fathers to be part of the early Christian scriptures. Early Christian Works Sometimes Considered Canonical ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Irenaeus, reacting to Marcion, tried to establish his own canon. Since there were a number of gospels at that time, he decided that there should only be four "because there are only four winds and four corners of the earth." Other Church fathers who followed Irenaeus accepted his decision. Eusebius of Caesarea (260–339 a.d.) listed four categories of books. 1. The recognized books (the four gospels, Acts, fourteen letters of Paul, 1 Peter, 1 John, Revelation [?]). 2. The disputed books (James, 2 Peter, 2, 3 John, and Jude). Paul's authorship of Hebrews is questioned by many modern Biblical scholars, in spite the fact that Clement of Rome (quoted by Eusebius) said that "the epistle to the Hebrews is Paul's." Hebrews is theologically and conceptually connected with Paul while the same time, the grammar and vocabulary are quite different from Paul's other books. 3. The spurious books (Acts of Paul, Shepherd of Hermas, Apocalypse of Peter, Epistle of Barnabas, Didache, Gospel of Hebrews, Revelation [?]). 4. The heretical forgeries. Eusebius accepted 1 and 2 Timothy, Titus, and the letter to Hebrews. In fact, he was the first to declare Hebrews legitimate. There are two possible options that explain this historic ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 24.
  • 25. Compare And Contrast The Authorship Of The Gospel Of Matthew The authorship of the Gospel of Matthew has been investigated due to the gospel thought to be written between A.D 75–80 (Green, 528). The gospel of Matthew's foundation is Antioch presumably (Douglas, 631)." "The record of Papias's statement about Matthew survives only in Eusebius (Hist. Eccl. 3.39.16). It reads 'Matthew collected (synetaxato) the oracles (ta logia) in the Hebrew language (Hebraidi dialekto), and each interpreted (hermeneusen) them as best he could. Origen affirms this tradition, adding only that the First Gospel was written for Jewish believers (Hist. Eccl. 6.25.4) (Green, 527)." The language variation of the gospel and the author brings about question to whether the Apostle Matthew was the author or someone else. In these findings it doesn't suggest anyone else as the author and only states that he was most likely not the writer of this text. "There are several arguments that have been used to argue that the First Gospel was not penned by the apostle Matthew. Foremost, it is argued that if the First Gospel used Mark as its primary source, it is most unlikely that an apostle (Matthew) would need to ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Along with all of the healings in the book of Matthew other events occurred including; Jesus being confronted with temptation in the wilderness while fasting after his baptism, Jesus preaching and calling forth his disciples, and Jesus calming the storm on the sea along with many other ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
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  • 27. The Question Of Why The Term Son Of Man Was Used By Jesus For the believer, the question of why the term Son of Man was used by Jesus to represent himself at face value remains curious. Particularly intriguing is Jesus' use of this identification Son of Man since God's attributes are not fully comprehended in scope or nature in their entirety, save what has been revealed to us in Scripture therefore it is humbling to realize that Jesus makes such a firm association with mankind. Combined with Jesus' humanity there still remains a distinctive from His title by the means which He uses to address (Moule, 1978) Himself. "1 among those who still believe that it is Dan. 7 that gives it, in the Gospel tradition. its decisive colour.' And what confirms me in this conclusion is. among other things. ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... There is some dispute over the nature of Jesus' mission with how (Van Aarde, 2005) future events would be shaped by Christ. "Scholars have divided themselves into three camps. Some say Jesus was a wisdom teacher and, according to these scholars' understanding 5, it seems that wisdom excludes an apocalyptic mind– set. Others disagree 6. But there is also a third option 7. According to these scholars, both presence (immanence) and future (eschatology) exist within the spectrum of Jesus' vision. This complexity is interwoven with the problem pertaining to the continuity and/or discontinuity of the son of man sayings by Jesus and those by the Jesus groups after his death." I believe that the Daniel 7 linkage to Jesus' use of Son of Man will justify an apocalyptic inclusion, these facts do not disbar Jesus' present or future activities. Aramaic, Hebrew or Greek? The case of whether or not Hebrew or Aramaic was used by Jesus in the utterance of Son of Man is difficult to ascertain, since Hebrew was used simultaneously in worship while Aramaic was used in other daily living areas. Aramaic is considered to be the common language evidenced by the findings of documents or fragments which proved to be items of textual contracts plus other written documents of everyday life. All of these findings have been found to be written in Aramaic. Bar enasha is further qualified by Haupt, who gives the meaning to ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 28.
  • 29. The Synoptic Problem Essay Liberty University The Synoptic Problem A paper submitted to Dr. Charles Powell In partial fulfillment of the Requirements for the course NBST 525 Liberty Theological seminary By La Shawn Self Lynchburg, Virginia Sunday, August 14, 2011 The books of the Gospels, Matthew, Mark, Luke and John; where written over 2000 years ago. These books excluding the Gospel of John are often called the synoptic Gospels. The term synoptic is derived from the Greek word meaning "seeing together." These three books are comparable in their recording of the existence and ministry of Jesus. The wording of the synoptic Gospels is similar as well. For example, the account of the healing of the leaper occurs in all three books and the ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... The common belief among source critics is that, the Gospel of Mark is the oldest and Matthew and Luke used his gospel along with an unknown source to write their Gospels. Evidence supporting this view make the makes four points. First, the Luke's Gospel is contains approximately half of Mark's information and Matthew's Gospel encompasses almost all of Mark's views. Second, Mark's words are used verbatium Matthew and Luke. Third, Matthew and Luke follow the same sequence of events as Mark. Finally, Matthew and Luke sometimes reword Mark's uncomfortable passages of scripture to allow smooth transitions and ease of understanding.[5] Markan Priority The Markan Priority is the belief that Mark was the first to write his account then Matthew and Luke used his recordings along with an unknown source to write their accounts. Although it is said that Matthew and Luke used Mark's account and another unknown source to write their versions of the gospel, it is also believed that Mark used some unknown source to supplement his gospel as well.[6] Weaknesses in the Markan Priority To accept the Markan Priority one must first denounce the word of Jesus, "that the Holy Spirit would bring all things back to their remembrance"; the testimonies of the early church leaders and historical facts. Also, if Matthew and Luke were present at the same
  • 30. time that Mark was present, why would they need to use Mark's account?[7] Some authors believe that ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 31.
  • 32. The Gospels Of Matthew And Luke : The Birth Story Of... The foundation of the Christian faith is cradled within the truth of the virgin birth, life, and resurrection of Jesus Christ. As diverse as the world–wide Christian culture can be, the birth and life of Jesus stands without border and language limitations. Each individual life story can remain factual, yet adapted to be presented to a variety of audiences–as is the case with the birth story of Jesus, the Messiah. The Gospels of Matthew and Luke are an example of the well–rounded, yet diverse, narration of the birth story of Jesus–Matthew's narration spoke to the Jewish people and Luke presented to the citizens of Rome. Although both Gospels share common elements of the birth story of Jesus–Mary, Joseph, the angelic announcement, an oppressive political ruler, difficult travel and Jesus' birthplace in Bethlehem–each wrote to a different audience with a purposeful presentation of Jesus' birth. The beginning of the Gospel of Matthew–written to the Jewish people–focused on the Jewish genealogy of Jesus in order to reveal ways Jesus was the fulfillment of Jewish promises and prophecies. Matthew was meticulous in the detail of the Abrahamic line and it played a significant role in the birth story. For a Jewish individual to fully comprehend and accept Jesus as the Messiah, it was imperative to first acknowledge who Jesus was within Jewish ancestry, and his subsequent position as King of the Jews. Jewish tradition passed down oral and written history for generations with ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 33.
  • 34. The Hebrews And Greeks 's Value System The Hebrews and Greeks, through their value systems, defined the founding principles of Western Civilization. The Hebrews attribute their value system to God, and the Greeks attribute their value system to their reason. The Christians and Romans carried and added to the values of the Hebrews and Greeks respectively, maintaining their traditions well into the modern world. While the Hebrews were more spiritual, the Greeks were far more rational. The Hebrews concerned themselves with the hereafter, the life after death. The Greeks, on the other hand, concerned themselves with the here and now, the life as it is being lived. Yet, despite their differences, the two groups managed to share a similar objective: the creation of a moral foundation for their civilization which recognizes and respects the special and distinct nature of human beings. The Hebrews' value system is centered around their God, Yahweh. The Book of Genesis describes the special nature that God has with humans. Unlike in other religions, the Hebrews describe their God as being sovereign, universal and transcendent – Yahweh is an all–powerful being who derives his power from nothing else, a God to all people, and exists outside the realm of this world. To further the gap between Judaism, the Hebrew religion, and other contemporary religions is the concept that man is made in the image of God. The description of a human being as a reflection of God highlights the humanistic attitude of the Hebrews; the Hebrews ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 35.
  • 36. The Gospel Of Matthew 1: The Genealogy Of The Bible The genealogy of Matthew 1 is faithful to the genealogy of the Hebrew Bible. In other words, Jesus is the one who has legitimately inherited the throne of Israel on line. It is important that this is the genealogy of the Hebrew Bible. All the Old Testament passages cited in the New Testament cite the Hebrew Bible, but rather the '70' translated into Greek. However, the genealogy of the Bible is different from the Hebrew Biblical genealogy. In other words, the author of the Gospel of Matthew did not build a genealogy based only on the Greek Bible, but intentionally identified the genealogy of the Hebrew Bible, and made a genealogy in accordance with the genealogy. In other words, Jesus is the rightful king of Israel according to the Hebrew Scriptures. Two hundred years before the coming of Jesus, the Hebrew Scriptures were translated into the Greek, "common language of all nations," ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... So when Herod was king of Judah and his position was in jeopardy, he wanted to kill Jesus, who was born king of Judah. The Gospel of Matthew says, "The real king of Judah is not Herod, but Jesus." On the other hand, all the events reported by John are events of Jewish Jesus and his Jewish disciples in Galilee and Judea. Especially the events in the southern Jewish land. Above all, the interplay with Judaism in the Gospel of John is prominent, and it shows the richness of Judaism's institutions, customs, theological categories, and concepts. The characteristic of John's Gospel is the combination of eschatological dualism (temporal) and Greek dualism (spatial) of Old Testament Judaism. Thus, John essentially has an Old Testament and a Jewish background, and at that time Judaism has embraced the Greek elements under the influence of long Greek ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 37.
  • 38. Gospel of Matthew Essay example The Teachings of Matthew The Gospel according to Matthew is the first book in the New Testament, and also serves as a bridge between the Old Testament and the New Testament. The gospel tells us of Jesus and his teachings. It is believed that the Gospel originated with Matthew, one of Jesus' disciples, and it circulated anonymously (Harris 149). The message in this gospel was compiled to minister to a Jewish and Jewish–Christian community when tensions between early Christians and postwar Jewish leaders aggravated bitter controversy. The Gospel of Matthew was written as an encouragement to the Greek–speaking Jewish Christians and Gentiles who were, at least partly, Torah observant during the 80s C.E. probably at Antioch in Syria ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... (Isaiah 53:4) In all his teaching to the crowds Jesus spoke in parables; in fact he never spoke to them without a parable. This was to fulfill the prophecy of Isaiah: I will open my mouth in parables; I will utter things kept secret since the world was made. (Matthew 13:34–34) Mark my teaching, O my people, listen to the words I am to speak. I will tell you a story with a meaning, I will expound the riddle of things past, things that we have heard and know, And our fathers have repeated to us. (Psalms 78:2) All this took place to fulfill what the Lord had said through the prophet: The virgin will be with child and will give birth to a son, and they will call him Immanuel", which means −− "God with us". (Matthew 1:22–23) "Therefore, the lord himself will give you a sign: The virgin will be with child and will give birth to a son, and will call him Immanuel. (Isaiah 7:14) (Harris 149 and 150) Matthew's teachings in the scripture insisted that Christians were to fast, pray regularly, give charitable, and practice formal sacrifices (Matthew 6:16–18, 6:5–6, 6:2, and 5:23). Equally as ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 39.
  • 40. Book Of Acts Essay BACKGROUND At the birth of the Early Church there were no Gentiles within the Christian community. The relationship between Judaism and Christianity became more complex as people began to accept Gentiles into the church. The book of Acts makes clear to us that the conflict that had arisen was between two different groups of Jewish people, the Hellenists and the Hebrews. The Hellenists, although Jewish, were open to a Hellenistic culture unlike the Hebrews, and it was through them that a connection to the gentile world was created. The Jewish church would eventually wain and the leaders of the Christian movement proclaiming the Gospel would then become predominantly Gentile. THE EARLY CHURCH The book of Acts is a very reliable source of information ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Using Antioch as a starting place to proclaim the power of the Gospel, he began his first of three missionary journeys where he began his gentile mission. Paul's purpose form that time forward was to bring the Gospel to all areas of the world and to open up the Church for everyone. Following this, when persecution started to become fierce, the leaders of the Christian community in Jerusalem made the decision to relocate to the City of Pella which was a gentile city. This provided yet another opportunity for the Gospel to be proclaimed, and as time progressed the Jewish church found itself in increasing isolation. Once converts became a part of the Christian movement the primary focus on Jewish law started to diminish, and the Gentile community within the Church started to grow. Around 135 CE leadership had passed into the hands of the Gentile Christians. The Law–observant Jews proved to be unexpectedly resistant to the Gospel and non– observant Gentiles proved to be unexpectedly receptive. The Jewish hierarchy's rejection of this Christian sect pushed the Church into gentile territory thus aiding the shift from predominantly Jews to predominantly gentile. With this being said, it is clear that in the Early days of Christianity the gentile church was closely connected to the Jewish church that was in Jerusalem. Paul patterned the Gentile ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 41.
  • 42. The Canon of Scripture Essay Most Christians do not think about the canon of scripture or know what it is or means in theology. Most take for granted the Bible they have and never question how it came into being. Today, we have 39 books of the Old Testament and 27 books of the New Testament. There was a time, however, that we did not have a canon. Bruce defines canon as books of the Bible that were recognized to be considered scripture (p. 17). The importance of the canon and how it was developed was intriguing to professor and author F.F. Bruce. He dedicated his book The Canon of Scripture to explore and explain the formulation of the canon we have today. Bruce taught in universities, including the University of Manchester, where he began to lecture students on the ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... The third section dissects the formation of the New Testament with more historical context and views of other writings defined as Gnostic writing. Bruce explains the spoken words of the apostles carried as much authority as their written words and gives an in depth explanation how the Gospels and Pauline writings were viewed by the Church Fathers. The rest of the section demonstrates the Church Fathers and their views of what was to be considered scripture and the councils that affirmed the inspired scripture. Bruce concludes by explaining the criteria used for writings to be considered canon. He goes into more depth on the inspiration of the scriptures – an integral part of how the canon came together. The close of the book is appended by two lectures that explore the "secret" gospel of Mark and the Primary Sense and Plenary Sense of scripture. Bruce offers a solid explanation of the formation of the canon chronologically starting with the Hebrew scriptures (p. 21) until the 4th century where church councils started to present the first spoken finished canon (p. 97). Bruce shows the importance of the Old Testament scriptures, but writes most about the New Testament. He not only shows how the New Testament came to be a canon but offers a deep analysis of non–canonical scripture called the Apocrypha (pp. 48, 90–93). Bruce offers impressive observation into the Gnostic writers as it regards the ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 43.
  • 44. Similarities Between Matthew And The Gospel Of John The Gospels are essential texts of the Christian faith as they chronical the life of Jesus Christ. And yet they are surrounded by controversies because they seem to conflict each other. But, in the case of the Gospel of Matthew and the Gospel of John, this concern is truly misplaced. Looking closer at the texts shows that they are not entirely dissimilar. Both texts are based in tradition and their relation to Jesus. The texts come from the same founding idea but the difference lies in their uses of tradition to convey different messages to the audience. The Gospel of Matthew uses tradition to provide legitimacy to Jesus and paint him as a continuation of tradition, whereas the Gospel of John alludes to traditional ideas to show Jesus as a ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Similar to Matthew, John makes this obvious from the opening verse of the gospel in which he rewrites the creation myth from the beginning of Genesis. Where Genesis states that "In the beginning God created earth" (Genesis 1:1), the Gospel of John changes the text to say that "in the beginning the was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God" (John 1:1). There is no longer just God, there is the Word, or Jesus, and the reader is forced to now think about the world in this way. Instead of bridging the gap between the Hebrew Bible and Jesus, John chooses to changing the words and thus change the way the faith is thought about. John rewrites tradition through Jesus and attempts to create a change in the way the faith works. During the crucifixion of Jesus, John continues to allude to the Jewish tradition with subtle changes to past ideas. When on the cross, a thirsty Jesus is given a drink from "a sponge full of vinegar on a hyssop" (John 19:29). The reed of hyssop, though it could not have actually held a sponge, it's meant to remind the audience of the tradition of using hyssop to spread blood on your door during Passover. And after his death, John refers to the fulfillment of prophecy in 19:36, where scripture said that "not a bone of him shall be broken." Subsequently, Jesus is pierced by the spear of a soldier and "there came out blood and water" (John 19:34). All of these examples allude to the tradition of Passover. These references, however, were originally about the sacrificial lamb to be slaughtered for use on the sacred holiday. John takes this traditional idea and changes it, using the idea in reference to Jesus. Both the cleansing blood and water that fall from Jesus and the bones that are not be broken are meant to liken Jesus to the sacrificial lamb that saves the Jews. John leads the audience to believe that it is no ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 45.
  • 46. Hebrew Scriptures And The New Testament Gospels 1. Anachronism is a Greek word anachronous which means "against time." Therefore, is the chronological misplacing of persons or things, that is to say; being out of the right time period and out of place such as portraying Mary reading the bible. Ethnocentrism is the perception of superiority in one's ethnic group, but it can also develop from racial or religious differences. Therefore, we will be guilty of ethnocentrism when we impose our cultural norms and values onto the cultural norms and values of Jesus and His contemporaries. These are to be avoided when reading and reflecting on the bible for the simple reason that they skew one's understanding and cause problem in reading the gospels by placing wrong dates for biblical events. Second, ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Hellenism is a term used to describe the influence and widespread of Greek culture on the peoples the Greek and Roman Empires conquered and interacted with. It included the Greek language, ideas, customs which went beyond Greece, Macedonia to other peoples and Region. The influenced Hellenization had on Palestinian world of Jesus was that many patriotic Jews called Hasidim (pious ones), refused to succumb to Antiochus, died. These are the Pharisees of Jesus' day. Judas Maccabeus in 164 BCE revolt against the Syrians, defeated them and reclaimed the temple. 6. The major Palestinian groups in the first century Ce were the:  Amha– 'aretz– the people of the land living in the countryside. Jesus directed his teachings public ministry them.  Pharisees – interpreters of the written and oral Mosaic law.  Scribes – trained ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 47.
  • 48. Gospel Of Matthew Matthew was a publican, a tax collector and government worker, who dropped a lavish lifestyle to be a disciple of Jesus. His gospel is thought to have many authors, and is in the two–source hypothesis along with Mark and Luke. Matthew also known as Levi, wrote to prove that Jesus Christ was the Messiah the Jewish people were promised. The Gospel of Matthew has multiple themes found throughout: Jesus is the fulfillment of the Old Testament, God is grace and judgment. This gospel cannot be dated exactly. Not much is known about the apostle Matthew, before he was one of the 12 disciples was a employed by the Roman Empire, he collected taxes. He collected taxes for Herod Antipas from commercial traffic. Matthew was the son of Alpheus, and born in the first century in Galilee. Matthews Hebrew name Mattityahu means "gift of YHWH", or "gift of God", and is referred to as Levi in Luke. Matthew has a simple call story, Jesus was walking around Capernaum, where ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Only 3% of Mark is uniquely Mark, 18% of Mark appears in 10% of Matthew. Mark is the earliest and shortest gospel, Matthew and Luke were written by multiply people, Q, short for the German word Quelle meaning source. "Introduction to the Gospel of Matthew" "Introduction to the Gospel of Matthew." Blue Letter Bible, www.blueletterbible.org/study/intros/matthew.cfm. "Matthew collected the oracles (ta logia) in the Hebrew language, and each interpreted them as best he could." [4] This quote also introduces some problems. What was Papias referring to when he stated that Matthew wrote in the Hebrew dialect? Meaning while Matthew was with Jesus he was collecting the sayings of Jesus, and wrote it in Hebrew. Scholars translated it the best they could, scholars also say that Matthew may have been originally written in Greek or Aramaic since most of Matthew was extremely similar to ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 49.
  • 50. The New Testament 5215218 In the center of the New Testament a centric theme is present –– Jesus is the Messiah and He has helped bring salvation to Jews and Gentiles alike. In order to understand this theme throughout the New Testament it has to be through the scope of the culture that Jesus was brought in and in of each section of the New Testament. Jesus came a time when the Jewish culture was prospering, but also under pressure from the Roman Empire. The Gospel's tell of the story of Jesus and how he proved to be the Messiah. Then, the epistles further emphasize the importance of Jesus Messiah and how He has brought salvation to all of humanity. Because Jesus is the center of the New Testament He also should be the center of our lives and not treated as a moralistic therapeutic deity. Jesus came into this world as a common Jewish citizen of Rome. Jesus performed most of His signs and miracles in the rural regions populated by the Jewish community. He avoided Jerusalem because of the lessons that He taught the people. The high priests did not enter these rural communities because they were unsafe in them. Jesus chose twelve disciples to follow Him for two reasons. He needed someone to continue on the work when He left and also to symbolize the twelve tribes of Judah. Jesus is part of the Davidic line of kings, so He then exemplifies the King of the Jews. Jesus proclaiming that He is the King of Jews also resonates the idea that He is the Messiah. After Jesus left to heaven He also left ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 51.
  • 52. Jesus Is The Name Of The Word Jesus is the name we often used in English translation but comes from the Latin form of the Greek name Joshua. The name also related to the Hebrew verb root and its noun forms Yesua, which means deliver. The name is also related to the Old Testament term YHWH saves. Therefore, the exact term Savior appears first, and is spoken by the Samaritans in John 4:42. The title Nazarene applied to Jesus has been also used to describe Christians in Syria and Arabic traditions. Although some of the terms and titles referring to Jesus in both New and Old Testament have deeper meaning such as: Emmanuel, Lord, Messiah and son of man. The Gospel of Matthew provides the name Emmanuel, which is taken from Isaiah 7:14, where it refers to another child born ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... The birth of Jesus, on the other hand, counterbalanced the fall of Adam, bringing forth redemption and repairing the damage done by Adam. The theme is reiterated by Paul, in Romans 5:18–21, when he states: Therefore just as one man 's trespass led to condemnation for all, so one man 's act of righteousness leads to justification and life for all. For just as by the one man 's disobedience the many were made sinners, so by the one man 's obedience the many will be made righteous. But law came in, with the result that the trespass multiplied; but where sin increased, grace abounded all the more, so that, just as sin exercised dominion in death, so grace might also exercise dominion through justification* leading to eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord. Second of all, Jesus referring as lord is the ultimate reason that I put on my faith and surround my life to him. Early Christians viewed Jesus as "the Lord" which mean God, lord or master appears over 700 times in the New Testament, referring to him. In Greek this has at times been translated as Kyrios. While the term Mari expressed the relationship between Jesus and his disciples during his life, the Greek Kyrios came to represent his lordship over the world. According to Romans 10:9–13 Paul emphasized the value of the title, and stated that confessing by mouth and belief that Jesus is Lord you will be save which signifies ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 53.
  • 54. Saint Matthew Essay Saint Matthew The name Matthew comes from the Greek Maththaios, which is derived from the Hebrew or Aramaic Mattiyah. His name means "gift of Yahweh" or simply "gift of God." Saint Matthew was one of the twelve apostles and he wrote the Gospel according to Matthew. Although he was a publican, it is said the Saint Matthew was a Jew. Before his conversion, he was a publican, which was a tax collector, by profession. Not much is really known about Matthew later on in his life. His beginning of apostolic activity started in the communities of Palestine. He wrote for his countrymen in Palestine and composed his Gospel in his native Aramaic. This is refereed to as the "Hebrew tongue" which is mentioned in the Gospel and the Acts of ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... They doubt though that the apostle Matthew wrote the book. Whoever the actual author was, he is identified as Jewish in origin, because his Gospel contains many references to Jewish Scripture, law, and ways of life. Although not clear, some authorities think it was Palestine, and others think is was another early Christian center, possibly the city of Antioch, where it was written. Matthew's Gospel has been understood as Jewish–Christian in outlook. Matthew had a number of purposes for writing the Gospel. One was "to instruct and exhort members of his community." He has two broad categories of material: narrative and discourse. Many scholars conclude "Matthew's primary intent was to write a handbook for church leaders to assist them in preaching, teaching, worship, mission, and polemic." In his Gospel, Matthew focused clearly on Jesus Christ and his kingdom as the good news of salvation. For Matthew, Jesus is not the son of David, but he is the son of Abraham. Notable in Matthew is its emphasis on Jesus as the promised Messiah and on matters pertaining to the church. Evidence that it probably was written for Jewish Christians may be found which is concerned with representing Jesus as the fulfillment of the Old Testament. The deep interest in the disciples is emphasized in Matthew. Matthew gives the fullest account of how Jesus called them, how he instructed them, how they failed him, and ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 55.
  • 56. Leadership In The Hebrew Bible While considering the Hebrew Bible against the New Testament, there is a great divide in the type of leaders that are presented in each. This both has to do with identity and differences in some beliefs between Jews and Christians, with the divide marked by the life of Jesus. In the narratives of the Hebrew Bible, the leaders tend to be warriors. In Genesis, this is Abraham, then known as Abram, defeated enemies, however he follows the archetype of the righteous warrior in that he does not collect the spoils of his victory, and only battled for moral reasons, in this story family. Similarly, Saul is named king in 1 Samuel to lead the military defeat of the Ammonites. Both passages from the Psalms speak as to the wrath of God upon the ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 57.
  • 58. John's Gospel: I AM John's Gospel– "I AM" Taylor Fondie Mathew, Mark, Luke and John the four Gospels in the Bible all sharing a common view or significant stories except one. The Gospel of John is the most unique and distinct out the four. In difference, none of the parables are documented in John, and only seven of the miracles are highlighted. Alternately, John's Gospel conveys the meaning of Jesus by giving the readers an extended insight and an extend understanding of him. In John it tells us that Jesus himself is the Jewish Messiah that was prophesized in the Old Testament, who was appointed to earth by God in human flesh, then allows his life to the cross and goes back to God. All with the perspective that we may believe in him and ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... In the Gospel of John, there is a big difference in the literary structure– compared to the synoptic Gospels. In the Synoptic Gospels you have short literary units of Jesus speaking, whereas John has extended conversations of Jesus. Furthermore, the specific statement "I am" is used by Jesus in three different ways. The first way, it shows up as a simple statement of identity here (4:26 and in 6:20; 18:5). Secondly, most often it is preceded by an affirmed nominative (6:35, 51; 8:12; 10:7, 9, 11, 14; 11:25; 14:6; 15:1,5). In this Gospel it has what is know as the seven miracles in John–The Bread of Life,The Light of the World, The Gate, The Good Shepherd, The Resurrection and the Life, The Way the Truth and the Life and The Vine; the miracles that John selected specifically show us and help us believe that Jesus is who he claimed to be, and if we have the ability to believe we shall have eternal life. In each of the miracles "I am" is stated for us to know it is truly Jesus talking. Moreover, in the Old Testament we will also see, this "I am" statement being used often, offering the best background for understanding its use in this Gospel. Paralleling the statement to Exodus 3:14, the passage in which God announces his name to Moses, the Greek Septuagint converts the Hebrew phrase as "I am the Existing One." This depiction of the divine name in Greek is paralleled else where in the Old Testament. Another ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 59.
  • 60. The Foundations Of The Canons The Foundations of the Canons John 14: 26 states but the Helper, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in my name, he will teach you all things and bring to your remembrance all that I have said to you (). This verse is an explanation from Christ about the role of the Holy Spirit in teaching and recalling events that took place during his time on earth. It is through the witness of the Spirit that man can determine the "wheat from the chaff."() The early church had the writing of the Old Testament but did not have a formal set of canonized books regarding the Messiah to draw their inspiration from. Though they had letters from Apostles there were many heretical writings that were circulating throughout the lands that were teaching doctrine different from those who knew Christ personally. Josephus stated that no one had been bold enough to add, take away, or change the wording in the Old Testament scripture (), this was what the Church was looking for in forming a canon that related to the teaching of Christ; a type of written text that would be foundational therefore no one would want to take away or add to it. The early church was using the four Gospels and the letters of many of the Apostles in their church teachings. The churches focused on the importance of the authors being in a first–hand relationship or direct correlation to a disciple such as Mark was to Peter and Luke was to Paul (). The Apostles took some time to write down their experiences because ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 61.
  • 62. Jesus, The Son Of Man For numerous believers, the question remains curious of why the term Son of Man was used by Jesus in self representation. Particularly intriguing is Jesus' use of this identification since God's attributes are not fully comprehended in scope or of nature in their entirety, save what has been revealed to us in Scripture. Therefore it is humbling to realize that Jesus makes such a firm association with mankind. Combined with Jesus' humanity there still remains distinctive from His title, the means which He uses to address (Moule, 1978) Himself. "1 among those who still believe that it is Dan. 7 that gives it, in the Gospel tradition. it's decisive colour. And what confirms me in this conclusion is among other things the fact that ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... There is some dispute over the nature of Jesus' mission with how (Van Aarde, 2005) future events would be shaped by Christ. "Scholars have divided themselves into three camps. Some say Jesus was a wisdom teacher and, according to these scholars' understanding 5, it seems that wisdom excludes an apocalyptic mind– set. Others disagree 6. But there is also a third option 7. According to these scholars, both presence (immanence) and future (eschatology) exist within the spectrum of Jesus' vision. This complexity is interwoven with the problem pertaining to the continuity and/or discontinuity of the son of man sayings by Jesus and those by the Jesus groups after his death." I believe that the Daniel 7 linkage to Jesus' use of Son of Man will justify an apocalyptic inclusion, these facts do not disbar Jesus' present or future activities. Aramaic, Hebrew or Greek? The case of whether or not Hebrew or Aramaic was used by Jesus in the utterance of Son of Man is difficult to ascertain since Hebrew was used simultaneously in worship while Aramaic was used in other daily living areas. Aramaic is considered the common language evidenced by the findings of documents or fragments which proved to be items of textual contracts plus other written documents of everyday life. Consequently, all of these findings have been found to be written ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 63.
  • 64. Authorship, Audience And Genre Of The Gospel Of Matthew 1. Authorship, audience and genre of the Gospel of Matthew Authorship: Most scholars, but not R.T. France (2007, pp14–22), believe that Matthew's Gospel was written by a scribe, not the Apostle Matthew and that it was written approximately between AD 80– 90. France states that if the book was written at this time– it was within Matthew's lifetime, and thus authorship cannot be proven. A key reason pointing to the Gospel being written by a scribe is that the Gospel was written in Greek and that the author is very familiar with the Hebrew Bible, connecting his five discourses with Hebrew Scriptures. Even though tax collectors, like Matthew, were known to be literate it is not necessarily true that they would be fluent in Hebrew, Aramaic ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... The tell the story of Jesus' birth, Passion, Death and Resurrection. The direct teachings of Jesus give instructions of how to live as Christians and the Parables were used in the Gospel to immediately confront us with a truth and evoke a change. (Fee & Stuart,2003, p. 152). The five major discourses of Matthew's Gospel are centred around five lengthy Sermons using parables to make a point and call the people to make a change. 2. Brief synopsis of Matthew 16:13–23 Matthew 16: 13– 23 is the confession of Peter of Jesus true identity and the Prophecy of Jesus' death and resurrection. In previous chapters, the real identity of Jesus is unknown– the crowds wonder if he is the Son of David (Matt 12:23), the disciples previously said that he was "the Son of God (Matt 8:29, 14:33) and Jesus himself identifies himself as "the Son of Man" (Matt 10: 23; 2:8; 12:40) and even likening himself to a Prophet (Matt 13:57). In Chapter 16, Jesus asked His disciples who people said He was, and who they, His disciples, think He was. This comes at a point of time where the disciples have been witness to the Pharisees and Sadducees wanting to test Jesus (Matt 16:1) and Jesus refusal to do so and when Jesus told them to beware of the teachings of the Pharisees and Sadducees (Matt 16:12). It is here that Simon Peter answers "You are the Messiah, the Son of the Living God" (Matt 16:13– 16). Jesus acknowledges this truth and tells Peter that the only way he could ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 65.
  • 66. Thematic Paper On The Gospels Name: Institution; Course: Tutor: Date: Thematic Paper on the Gospels The three synoptic gospels are almost indifferent in relation to the major themes of concern in the bible. The only different gospel book on how the themes are presented is the book of John. One of the major themes of concern in the gospel books is about the 'Kingdom of God' which is similarly referred to as the 'Kingdom of Heaven'. The gospel writers present how the kingdom of god is like through the stories of Jesus Christ. Statements in the gospels affirm that the kingdom of god is there with the people, according to Jesus' teachings and that the kingdom of god is also to come again with the second coming of Christ's coming. Theologists therefore came up with schools ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Mark addresses his message to the romans. The message in the gospel of mark aims at encouraging romans who had been subjected to tribulations. Mark underscores the action of jesus. Mark also identifies jesus as the son of godwho hs come to fulfill the will of god. Messianic secret is one of the major themes in the gospel of mark. According to the gospel, jesus' secretive nature is revealed. Jesus teaches his disciples in secret. He performs miracles of healing to many and commands the healed persons to tell anyone not about their miraculous healings. Jesus even silences the demons that identify him. The gospel of luke talks about salvation as the main aspect of inheriting the kingdom of god. The gospel asserts further that the salvation spreads across the universe and its creatures. The kingdom of god is purportedly shown to be emanating in the latter heavens and the earth as a whole. The kingdom of god is shown to have started in the days of jesus' ministry which were impacted by the power of the kingdom of god. The message in the gospel shows that initially people experienced a radical and transforming process of salvation. Mark also emphasizes on the death of jesus as it is in the other gospels. The death of jesus and its significance is seen to be a common theme in all the four gospels. Mark does the same by focusing on the death and return of jesus in his second coming to the sinfull generation in place. He suggests ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 67.
  • 68. Apostle Paul Essay Introduction The disciples of Jesus Christ were faithful to record the words and actions of the Lord. Through His actions and character, Jesus Christ influenced history. Jesus Christ was crucified, died, and resurrected, which changed world history as we know it. He told his disciples He would die and on the third day he would be resurrected. Jesus died to pay the sin debt of the world. The Lord led a sinless life, but was the one who took on the sins of the world. There is no other person who has had as much of an impact in history as Jesus Christ. The apostle Paul, who once rejected Jesus Christ, later became one of the greatest men of God. In the history of the Christian church, he was the most significant missionary. He was ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Before getting into Paul as a missionary, it is important to understand his background. Who was Paul and how did his work have an impact on Christianity? Understanding the background of Paul will help us understand the words that he wrote. If you have your Bibles, please turn with me to Acts, chapter 22. Verse 3 gives six facts in one sentence outlining the background of Paul. "I am a Jew, born in Tarsus of Cilicia, but brought up in this city, educated under Gamaliel, strictly according to the law of our fathers, being zealous for God just as you all are today." Tarsus was in the southeastern part of Asia Minor and the major city in Cilicia. Paul was born in Tarsus and a citizen of this "no ordinary city" (Acts 21:39). Paul said he was "brought up in this city" which suggests he came from Tarsus to Jerusalem and received his education there at an early age. Tarsus was a privileged and prosperous city. More importantly, Paul was a citizen of Rome. It was a privilege to be a citizen of the Roman Empire. In fact, only a small percentage of the population who lived within the Roman Empire had received Roman citizenship. Paul proclaimed, "I was actually born a citizen" (Acts 22:28). The text does not say how Paul became a Roman citizen. It is possible that Paul's father or other family member completed some important service for the Roman Empire. Paul's Roman Citizenship was pivotal for his capacity serving as a missionary to the Roman Empire. ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 69.
  • 70. The Book Of Revelation Esther Park REL 371 Week 6 – The Book of Revelation The book of Hebrews was written by a Christian scholar and not by one of the Gospels. I knew that many authors made up the New Testament but I did not know scholars wrote some books a well. Hebrews writer was someone who linked the Hebrew Bible along with Greek philosophy. The writer never identifies himself but his views on the end times were very strong. He assumes that there is an existence of two parallel worlds: the eternal and the perfect realm of spirits. This is something that I have never heard before. This writer is the only person to speak of Jesus as the mediator between God and humanity. He has so much insight on what was happening or what was to happen but we do not know who this person was. Hebrew is written very differently and some of the ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... John wrote the book of Revelation and he was not a synoptic gospel. The fact that John was chosen to be the author of this book speak volumes of what God wanted for him. The book of Revelation is hope but not many people can see that through the doom and gloom that it screams at you. It seems as though it will be a scary time when the end comes but it shouldn't be for the believers. We constantly deal with what we do not know and we want to make to know what is going to actually happen. I always wonder who the anti–Christ is going to be and I think every year I guess someone new. It's a scary thought but the end result of the Revelation will be us in heaven with our Father. We will go through the hard times to get to the end which is our hope for the future. The Charles Manson documentary was scary too as I was just watching him think he was doing everything right. He justified what he was doing by the readings from the Bible. Many can interpret this book wrong and Charles Manson was one of many that took the book completely out of ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 71.
  • 72. Romans 7-25 Thesis Introduction: This is an exegesis paper over the passage of Romans 7:7–25. The purpose of this exegesis paper is to help the reader know the context of the book of Romans and where the passage of Romans 7:7–25 fits into the rest of the book. In addition I will be covering the author, date, purpose, audience, historical, geographical, and cultural background to help the reader gasp the entirety of the context. Author: The author of Romans is the apostle Paul (Romans 1:1), who in addition to writing Romans, wrote 12 other epistles specific to the church and to individual persons. Paul, originally given the Hebrew name Saul due to his Hebrew descent from the tribe of Benjamin (Philippians 3:5) was assumed to be born sometime around the time ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 73.
  • 74. The Syncretity Of Christianity : The Four Gospels Of The... Not long after the Day of Pentecost believers had to defend their faith from false teachers seeking to dilute, or subdue the power in the Gospel of Jesus. To combat heresy, orthodoxy had to be defined both by creed, and by the approval of writings recognized as God's inspired Word. The Canon we study today remains the same powerful Scripture that has been transforming lives for thousands of years. Alternate doctrines and beliefs of the person of Christ and proper worship sprang up within the time of the first apostles. It was for this reason the first writings to the Churches and then the four Gospels of the New Testament were written to believers (Shelly, & Hatchett, 2013, p.51–53). Paul wrote the letter to the church at Colossae addressing syncretism within the church. Paul urged the Colossians to trust in the supremacy of Christ, and to do away with ideas added to the truth of the Gospel (Alexander & Alexander, 2009, p.723; Cairns, 1996, p.97). John's Gospel expresses both Christ as fully human, and declares Christ is also fully God. Written in the late first century, John's gospel is written to those who already knew the facts of Jesus life, but concepts are dealt with concerning both the Jewish and Hellenistic worldviews (Alexander & Alexander, 2009, p.621–22). Wither rebuking the forced circumcision of Christians, or declaring the Deity and incarnation of Christ, many of the writings of the New Testament were written in part to dispel wrong beliefs and practices ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 75.
  • 76. What Is Divisiveness? The passages presented are divisive in the way that they are interpreted. They create a debate as to who is the "real Jews," and those that believe that they are the real Jews claiming authority over others. This view includes self–identifying Christians claiming that they are the ones that are the "favoured by God." The various passages presented allow for this interpretation. This divisiveness and inferiority between groups begins in the story of Cain and Abel. Those that claim to be descended from the third son, Seth, can claim that they are morally superior than those descended from Cain, and therefore are superior to them in the eyes of God. This argument, from thousands and thousands of years ago, has been used into the modern ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... In these Gospels, the writers claim that Jesus is the descendent of the righteous characters, such as David, Jacob, Seth, and Shem. This reclamation of Jewish characters into Christian history allows for Christians to consider themselves as the "real Jews," and claim that God favours them over the Jews. Furthermore, in Luke 3, John the Baptist discredits the leaders of the Jewish faith, claiming that they are corrupt and out of favour with God. This has implications that eventually lead to the Crusades. Since Christians interpreted texts to believe that they are the "real Jews," they believed that they were entitled to what God had promised the Jews in the Hebrew Bible, mainly the "Holy Land." This view of Christians as the descendants of the righteous Jewish characters, making them superior in their faith is presented again in Hebrews 11. Hebrews 11:2 goes as far as to say that "by faith our ancestors received approval." Passages like this allow Christians to believe that they are superior to those of other faiths by simple virtue of their ancestors. Similarly, in Galatians 4, Paul (assuming Paul actually wrote the Pauline epistles) writes that the Jewish people are not descended from Sarah, as written in Genesis, but rather from Hagar. He further states that the only people that are free are the descendants of Sarah, placing Christians in a position to be the "real Jews," as those that identify as descended from Hagar are the Muslims, who are, by definition, not Jewish or Christian. By grouping those that considered themselves Jewish at the time with Muslim, it nullifies their Jewish identity and transfers it to Christians, allowing them to consider themselves the "real ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 77.
  • 78. What Is The Epistle Of Paul To The Hebrews? The author of this particular book of the Bible is unknown, making the book of Hebrews. Although this is the case, there have been many speculations to who the author could be. For 1200 years (400–1600 AD) Hebrews was referred to as ""The Epistle of Paul to the Hebrews." But as theologian discover there is no real reason to believe that Paul would be the author of Hebrews. The author never identifies himself as Paul and authority of the apostolic nature is no mention which is not typical of the other Pauline letters. The authors differ on the theological as well, while Paul highlighted the resurrection and the sanctifying feature Jesus Christ, the author focus more on the exaltation and the redemptive work of Christ, plus the high priesthood ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...