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Textbook lesson 4 april 14, 13


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Textbook lesson 4 april 14, 13

  1. 1. FUNCTIONS OF THE BODY DR. JCDT Dr. Juan Carlos Díaz Torre Pediatra Neonatólogo (779) 100 - 40 - 26 1
  2. 2. Eating:You are hungry. You are in a restauranteand the waiter brings your food.You smell it. It stimulates your appetite – DR. JCDTyou want to eat.Your mouth waters, filling with saliva. 2
  3. 3. The five senses:In addition to smell and taste, the sensesinclude sight (or vision), hearing, andtouch (also called sensation or feeling).To ask about the senses, Doctors use thequestions: DR. JCDT Sight What is Hearing Like? your Sense of smell Normal? Is Your Sense of 3 taste
  4. 4. To ask about the sense of touch, doctorstalk about numbness (loss of sensation): DR. JCDT Have you noticed any numbness (in your fingers or toes)? 4
  5. 5. Other functions :Function Verb NounSpeaking Speak - SpeechWalking Walk - Gait DR. JCDTBreathing Inhale/breathe in/ - Breathrespiration take a breath in. Exhale/ breathe out 5
  6. 6. Other functions :Function Verb NounUrination Urinate - UrineMicturition Micturate Pass urine Pass water DR. JCDTDefecation Defecate - Faeces Pass faeces - Stools Pass stoolsMenstruation Menstruate - Menstrual Have a period period 6 - Monthly period
  7. 7. When taking a history, doctors can ask: walking? trouble breathing? Do you have any difficulty passing urine? problems with your speech pain when you breathe DR. JCDT in?When ausculting a patient´s lungs, thedoctor tells the patient: Take a deep breath in, hold your breath, then breathe out completely. 7
  8. 8. Less common functions:There are some things we do less often:- When we are hot, we sweat. DR. JCDT- When we are nervous, we shake.- When we are sad, we cry. 8
  9. 9. Doctors can ask: sweatDo you shake more than usual? DR. JCDT cry 9
  10. 10. Match the symptoms to thequestions,using your medical knowledge:1.- Dysuria a)What is your breathing like?2.- Dysphagia b) Do you have any pain when DR. JCDT you pass water?3.- Diplopia c) Do you have any difficulty with your speech?4.- Dysphasia d) Do you have any trouble swallowing? 105.- Dyspnea e) Is your vision normal?
  11. 11. Patients are describing symptoms of theconditions shown in brackets. Completethe sentences:1.- I have got pain and ______in both feet. (Peripheral neuropathy) DR. JCDT2.- I am having difficulty ______ solid food. (Oesophageal stricture)3.- I have a lot of problems ______ . (Prostatic hypertrophy) 11
  12. 12. 4.- I have been ______ more than usual, even when it is not hot. (Hyperthyroidism)5.- I have noticed that my hands ______ when I am not using them. DR. JCDT (Parkinsonism)6.- I have trouble ______ when I climb the stairs. (Left heart failure) 12
  13. 13. Complete the sentences:1.- When I eat solid food, I have to _____ (bite/chew) it for a long time before I can ____ (swallow/eat) it.2.- Do you have any pain when you ____ DR. JCDT (pass/have) stools?3.- I have no ____ (taste/ appetite) and I have lost five kilos in the last few weeks. 13
  14. 14. You think a patient may have diabetes.Think of five questions you can ask him toinvestigate further (IN ENGLISH).Try to use question types presented inthis exercise. DR. JCDT(Hambre, sed, ganancia o pérdida depeso, diuresis, cansancio, visión,neuropatía, calambres, libido, etc.) 14
  15. 15. Gracias por su atención DR. JCDT Dr. Juan Carlos Díaz Torre Pediatra Neonatólogo (779) 100 - 40 - 26 15