The Berlin Wall
    Why it was built
 The stages of the wall
   Escape attempts
   The fall of the wall
Germany was split into 4 quarters
   To be overseen by the four world powers
   Soviet Union
   Great Britain




   France             United States
Controlled by German Democratic
Republic (GDR)
East Germany
         Suffered from poor housing
               Food Shortages
                  Low Wages
   Most of ...
Between 1949 -1961
• 2.5 million Germans Left East Germany


• To go to the West to Share in The Growing
  prosperity
   In 1952 East German Government
     Built a fortified border

   The only place East Germans could
    get through wa...
August 12 1961

       4000 people left East Germany
August 13, 1961
Walter Ulbricht ordered
Workers to shut off the
 border
   Tear up the streets
   Installed barbed wire entanglement fences
   Train services between the 2 sectors was
    cut...
   Many people tried to escape
1st Stage
       Barbed wire fence
           6 feet high
 Replaced with concrete blocks
 12 feet high and 66 miles lo...
2 stage of the Wall
    nd

   1962- second fence was added
   Parallel to the first one
   100 yards further in
   Ar...
3 stage of the Wall
         rd

                IN 1965-
   Concrete slabs between steel girder
      Concrete Sewage ...
4th Generation Wall
   1975- new concrete segments
   More resistant to break
   45,000 separate sections
   11.8 feet...
   The final wall had 19 sections
The first section

   The Wall
  Followed by
 The Stripe’s &
 The barricade
   Anti Vehicle Trench




• Light mast
   Column Track

   Patrols

   Soldiers
   300 Watch Tower
    Electrical Barbed wire




    • 30 Bunkers
The final section
   The background wall

   They also used Dogs, boobie traps
     and alarm boxes
Ways to Escapes
          Climbing the wall
          August 17,1962 Peter
           Fechter, 18
           Was shot as...
Tunnels
   Dug by college students
   1st successful one was at a graveyard
Creative Ways
   Hot Air Balloons
   Ultra lights
Fall of the Wall
   September 10, 1989
   Hungarian government opens borders for
    East German Refugees.
   A Flood o...
 November 9, 1989
   Gunter Schabowski decides to open the
    border.
Thousands of people gather at the
Bratenburg Gate
   They Climb the wall to see the people on
    the other side for the 1st time in 29 years
The Wall Today
Views from the East Side
The Berlin Wall
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The Berlin Wall

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This is a presentation I did on the Berlin Wall.

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The Berlin Wall

  1. 1. The Berlin Wall  Why it was built  The stages of the wall  Escape attempts  The fall of the wall
  2. 2. Germany was split into 4 quarters  To be overseen by the four world powers
  3. 3.  Soviet Union  Great Britain  France  United States
  4. 4. Controlled by German Democratic Republic (GDR)
  5. 5. East Germany  Suffered from poor housing  Food Shortages  Low Wages  Most of the industrial out put went to the Soviet Union.
  6. 6. Between 1949 -1961 • 2.5 million Germans Left East Germany • To go to the West to Share in The Growing prosperity
  7. 7.  In 1952 East German Government Built a fortified border  The only place East Germans could get through was in Berlin.  The Heart of East Germany
  8. 8. August 12 1961  4000 people left East Germany
  9. 9. August 13, 1961 Walter Ulbricht ordered Workers to shut off the border
  10. 10.  Tear up the streets  Installed barbed wire entanglement fences  Train services between the 2 sectors was cut off  Road traffic was stopped  East Germans were not allowed to leave without permission.
  11. 11.  Many people tried to escape
  12. 12. 1st Stage  Barbed wire fence  6 feet high  Replaced with concrete blocks  12 feet high and 66 miles long.
  13. 13. 2 stage of the Wall nd  1962- second fence was added  Parallel to the first one  100 yards further in  Area between the strips “Death Strip”
  14. 14. 3 stage of the Wall rd  IN 1965-  Concrete slabs between steel girder  Concrete Sewage pipe on top
  15. 15. 4th Generation Wall  1975- new concrete segments  More resistant to break  45,000 separate sections  11.8 feet high  4.9 feet wide  Topped with a pipe
  16. 16.  The final wall had 19 sections
  17. 17. The first section  The Wall
  18. 18.  Followed by  The Stripe’s &  The barricade
  19. 19.  Anti Vehicle Trench • Light mast
  20. 20.  Column Track  Patrols  Soldiers
  21. 21.  300 Watch Tower  Electrical Barbed wire • 30 Bunkers
  22. 22. The final section  The background wall  They also used Dogs, boobie traps and alarm boxes
  23. 23. Ways to Escapes  Climbing the wall  August 17,1962 Peter Fechter, 18 Was shot as he tried to escape.  5000 People tried to escape by climbing the wall  100 to 200 were killed.
  24. 24. Tunnels  Dug by college students  1st successful one was at a graveyard
  25. 25. Creative Ways  Hot Air Balloons  Ultra lights
  26. 26. Fall of the Wall  September 10, 1989  Hungarian government opens borders for East German Refugees.  A Flood of East Germans made their way west.
  27. 27.  November 9, 1989  Gunter Schabowski decides to open the border.
  28. 28. Thousands of people gather at the Bratenburg Gate
  29. 29.  They Climb the wall to see the people on the other side for the 1st time in 29 years
  30. 30. The Wall Today
  31. 31. Views from the East Side

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