SIMPLE PAST

3,767 views

Published on

Published in: Education, Spiritual, Technology
0 Comments
2 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
3,767
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1,274
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
118
Comments
0
Likes
2
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

SIMPLE PAST

  1. 1. WHEN DO YOU USE THE SIMPLE PAST? 1.T o talk about actions that happened at a specific time in the past. You say when it happened using a time expression. (yesterday, last month...) 2. It can be used to describe events that happened over a period of time in the past but not now 3. It is also used to talk about habitual or repeated actions that took place in the past :
  2. 2. PAST SIMPLE <ul><li>It is formed with the following structure: </li></ul><ul><li>SUBJECT + VERB (PAST SIMPLE) + COMPLEMENT </li></ul>SHE STUDIED HARD YESTERDAY YOU WROTE A LOVE LETTER LAST WEEK HE READ A MAGAZINE 1 MONTH AGO
  3. 3. PAST SIMPLE (NEGATIVE FORM) <ul><li>This structure includes the auxiliary “didn’t” </li></ul><ul><li>STRUCTURE </li></ul><ul><li>SUBJECT + AUX. “DIDN’T” +VERB ( INFINITIVE) + COMPLEMENT </li></ul>THEY DIDN’T GO TO CLASS YESTERDAY HE DIDN’T WRITE A LOVE LETTER WE DIDN’T BREAK THE WINDOW
  4. 4. PAST SIMPLE (INTERROGATIVE FORM) yes / no questions) <ul><li>This form includes de auxiliary “DID” </li></ul><ul><li>STRUCTURE </li></ul><ul><li>AUX. “DID” + SUBJECT + VERB (INFINITIVE) + COMPLEMENT </li></ul>Did you speak a lot last week? Did she write a book yesterday? Did they talk about their homework?
  5. 5. PAST SIMPLE (INTERROGATIVE FORM) SHORT ANSWERS <ul><li>These are called short answers because you answer with “YES” or “NOT” </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul>Did you speak a lot last week? YES, I did NO, I didn’t Did she write a book yesterday? YES, She did NO, She didn’t.
  6. 6. QUESTION WORDS AUX. “DID” + SUBJECT + VERB (INFINITIVE) ? Did you speak Did she write Did they talk ? When Who Why
  7. 7. PAST EXPRESSIONS <ul><li>These are some words and expressions that usually appear with a verb in the Past Simple. </li></ul><ul><li>Last ……….. </li></ul><ul><li>…… ..ago </li></ul><ul><li>Yesterday </li></ul><ul><li>In 1986 </li></ul>
  8. 8. VERB ‘TO BE’
  9. 9. REGULAR VERBS <ul><li>we add -ed to the infinitive form of the verb. </li></ul><ul><li>I work hard. </li></ul><ul><li>She walk in the park. </li></ul><ul><li>They laugh at the joke. </li></ul>ed ed ed
  10. 10. SPELLING RULES <ul><li>To avoid spelling mistakes we must remember three rules: </li></ul><ul><li>After consonat+vowel+consonant we double the last consonant when the syllable is stressed. </li></ul><ul><li>S top Stopped </li></ul><ul><li>C lap Clapped </li></ul><ul><li>P lan Planned </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>When the verb ends in –e, we drop the –e and add the sufix. </li></ul><ul><li>Move Mov ed </li></ul><ul><li>Rule Rul ed </li></ul><ul><li>Live Liv ed </li></ul><ul><li>Love Lov ed </li></ul>SPELLING RULES
  12. 12. <ul><li>When the verb ends in consonant+y we drop the “y” and write “i+ed”. </li></ul><ul><li>Cry Cr ied </li></ul><ul><li>Try Tr ied </li></ul><ul><li>Carry Carr ied </li></ul>SPELLING RULES
  13. 13. PRONOUNCIATION RULES <ul><li>We pronounce /d/ after vowel or voiced sound ( b, g, l, m, n, r, v, z ). </li></ul><ul><li>Pl ay Played /d/ </li></ul><ul><li>Be g Begged /d/ </li></ul><ul><li>Li v e Lived /d/ </li></ul><ul><li>Pul l Pulled /d/ </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>We pronounce /t/ after voiceless sound: </li></ul><ul><li>/p/ /k/ /ch/ /s/ /sh/ /ch/ </li></ul><ul><li>Wor k Worked /t/ </li></ul><ul><li>Sto p Stopped /t/ </li></ul><ul><li>Pas s Passed /t/ </li></ul><ul><li>Pu sh Pushed /t/ </li></ul><ul><li>Wat ch Watched /t/ </li></ul>PRONOUNCIATION RULES
  15. 15. <ul><li>We pronounce /id/ after the sounds /t/ and /d/. </li></ul><ul><li>Star t Started /id/ </li></ul><ul><li>En d Ended /id/ </li></ul>PRONOUNCIATION RULES
  16. 16. There are no rules. Each irregular verb has its own past simple, and these can only be learnt by heart. IRREGULAR VERBS eat ATE go WENT see SAW leave LEFT

×