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DIRECT QUESTIONS
AND
INDIRECT QUESTIONS
WITHOUT QUESTION WORD
Are you living in Ingenio?
Have you ever been to London?
Do you like reading?
Auxiliary + subject + main verb + complements
WITH QUESTION WORD
What do you usually do after class?
Where did you work?
Why are you studying English?
Question word + auxiliary + subject + main verb + complements
SUBJECT QUESTIONS
The question word is the subject of the sentence.
We don’t know who has done the verb action.
What happened next?
Who spoke to you?
Subject + verb + complement
PREPOSITIONS IN QUESTIONS
They usually come at the end of the question but
in a very formal English, they can come at the
beginning.
Who did you go with?
What did you speak to him about?
To whom did you talk?
INDIRECT QUESTIONS
We need an introductory phrase such as:
Do you know… / Can you tell me…? / I don’t remember
I’ve forgotten… / I’m not sure … / I have no idea
Do you know…? / Do you by any chance know…?
I was wondering / I’d be interested to know / Do you mind…?
I want to know… / Can I ask you…? / Could you tell me…?
I’d like to know… / Do you have any idea…?
I’d be interested to know… / Could you tell me … / I was wondering
The indirect question is used to ask for information
or to ask personal questions in a more polite way.
Do you know what time the class starts?
I was wondering where the teacher is
Do you mind me asking what she is doing?
INDIRECT QUESTIONS
We need an introductory phrase such as:
Do you know… / Can you tell me…? / I don’t remember
I’ve forgotten… / I’m not sure … / I have no idea
Do you know…? / Do you by any chance know…?
I was wondering / I’d be interested to know / Do you mind…?
I want to know… / Can I ask you…? / Could you tell me…?
I’d like to know… / Do you have any idea…?
I’d be interested to know… / Could you tell me … / I was wondering
The indirect question is used to ask for information
or to ask personal questions in a more polite way.
Do you know what time the class starts?
I was wondering where the teacher is
Do you mind me asking what she is doing?

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Direct and Indirect Questions

  • 2. WITHOUT QUESTION WORD Are you living in Ingenio? Have you ever been to London? Do you like reading? Auxiliary + subject + main verb + complements WITH QUESTION WORD What do you usually do after class? Where did you work? Why are you studying English? Question word + auxiliary + subject + main verb + complements
  • 3. SUBJECT QUESTIONS The question word is the subject of the sentence. We don’t know who has done the verb action. What happened next? Who spoke to you? Subject + verb + complement
  • 4. PREPOSITIONS IN QUESTIONS They usually come at the end of the question but in a very formal English, they can come at the beginning. Who did you go with? What did you speak to him about? To whom did you talk?
  • 5. INDIRECT QUESTIONS We need an introductory phrase such as: Do you know… / Can you tell me…? / I don’t remember I’ve forgotten… / I’m not sure … / I have no idea Do you know…? / Do you by any chance know…? I was wondering / I’d be interested to know / Do you mind…? I want to know… / Can I ask you…? / Could you tell me…? I’d like to know… / Do you have any idea…? I’d be interested to know… / Could you tell me … / I was wondering The indirect question is used to ask for information or to ask personal questions in a more polite way. Do you know what time the class starts? I was wondering where the teacher is Do you mind me asking what she is doing?
  • 6. INDIRECT QUESTIONS We need an introductory phrase such as: Do you know… / Can you tell me…? / I don’t remember I’ve forgotten… / I’m not sure … / I have no idea Do you know…? / Do you by any chance know…? I was wondering / I’d be interested to know / Do you mind…? I want to know… / Can I ask you…? / Could you tell me…? I’d like to know… / Do you have any idea…? I’d be interested to know… / Could you tell me … / I was wondering The indirect question is used to ask for information or to ask personal questions in a more polite way. Do you know what time the class starts? I was wondering where the teacher is Do you mind me asking what she is doing?