Conditionals - Grammar explanation

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Conditionals - Grammar explanation

  1. 1. CONDITIONAL CLAUSES <ul><li>IF introduces a condition – something which may or may not happen, depending on circumstances . </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If it rains , we will stay at home </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If you don’t study , you won’t pass. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>the MAIN clause presents the results </li></ul><ul><li>If it rains, we will stay at home </li></ul>
  2. 2. Zero conditional <ul><li>They present real facts, scientific truths </li></ul>If you heat water to 100 degrees , It boils If you heat ice, it melts + Present Simple Present Simple IF / When
  3. 3. ZERO CONDITIONALS EXAMPLES <ul><li>If you don’t eat , you die </li></ul><ul><li>If it doesn’t rain , the grass doesn’t grow </li></ul><ul><li>Ice floats if you drop it into water </li></ul><ul><li>If you put oil into water, it floats </li></ul><ul><li>My teacher gets angry if I am late. </li></ul>
  4. 4. CONDITIONAL I <ul><li>When something is possible now or in the future. We can also give advice or issue a threat or warning. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If she studies, she will pass the Geography test. (It is possible!!) </li></ul></ul>Will Can May / might Imperative Must Should Present Simple + IF UNLESS
  5. 5. FIRST CONDITIONAL EXAMPLES If you want , I will buy it. If you want it, you can have it If you want it , buy it yourself (advice). Your teacher will get angry if you are late (warning)
  6. 6. <ul><li>► UNLESS = IF NOT </li></ul>If it do es n’t rain, We will go out for a walk UNLESS It rain s , we will go out for a walk ► REWRITE THESE SENTENCES USING UNLESS If we don’t finish soon, we will miss the train If he doesn’t swim , he won’t go to the swimming pool Unless we finish soon, we will miss the train Unless he swims , he won’t go to the swimming pool
  7. 7. CONDITIONALII (HYPOTHETICAL) This type of conditional clause shows a hypothetical situation. It could happen but it isn’t probable . If I won the lottery , I would buy a car immediately ► SPECIAL RULES : TO BE IS ALWAYS WERE If he were here , he would help me ( but he isn’t here, so he can’t help me) If I were you, I would …. (advice) Would Might Could Past Simple + IF UNLESS
  8. 8. CONDITIONALII (HYPOTHETICAL) EXAMPLES If I lived to be 100, I would probably be very tired If we bought the house, we’ d need to sell our car We would have to cancel the game if it rained If I were you, I would talk to him

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