By Javier Mariño Fernández.
invasions and the
Trade of Verdun.
Treaty of Verdun
❖ The treaty of Verdun was a pact
reached in the 10th of August
843 AD between the grandsons
of Charlemagne: Lothair I, Louis
the German and Charles the
❖ The document established the
regions corresponding to each
one and agreed between them
Motivations of the Treaty of
❖ The treaty of Verdun appears because the form to divide
the empire if the emperor die didn’t like to the heirs and it
caused a civil war; The way they used to end it was the
treaty of Verdun, a better way to divide the empire that
liked everybody, but they finished with the dream of
Charlemagne of rebuild the roman empire.
❖ Charles the Bald received the
Eastern France, the actual
❖ Lotario II received the Middle
❖ Louis the German received the
Western France, the actual
With the time appeared different
cultures between the territories,
in the west they started talking
languages that came from latin,
and in the east, they used a
language developed from
There were wars between the
east and west for the lands
Second invasions soldiers.
Between IX & X
Muslims and Magiars.
❖ The first great wave of Muslim invasion ended
in the early eighth century. The Muslims built a
series of naval bases in the territories of North
Africa, Spain and southern Gaul, and in the
ninth century began a new series of attacks in
❖ During the late ninth century, the Magyars,
under the pressure from Patzinaks, emigrated
to Western Europe, where they atacked the
local people.In 955, the Magyars were
defeated in Germany. In the end of the tenth
century they converted to Christianity and
settled in the Kingdom of Hungary.
❖ The Vikings were a German people with base in
Scandinavia. The reason of his displacement was
the overcrowding of the zone and looking for
adventure, loot and new commercial routes.
❖ The Norwegian Vikings moved to Ireland and to
the west of England, the Danishes, to the east of
England, Friesland and the regions of the Rhine
and the Swedishes went to the Baltic sea and
entered the Slavonic areas of this.
❖ In the North-East of rusia they went downstream
towards Novgorod and Kiev, founding ports
strengthened in these territories.
❖ In the tenth century the expansion vikinga was
coming to his end. A major control of the
monarches of Norway, Sweden and Denmark on
his subjects, and the cristianización they limited
the expansion vikinga, that ended up by
assimilating the European civilization.