Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

The Visigoths

975 views

Published on

History of Visigoths in Spain

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

The Visigoths

  1. 1. The Visigoths defeats Attila of the Huns at the Catalaunian Fields, together with Rome’s allies 462 Visigoths expand into Spain. 571 Visigoths conquer Cordoba 536 -562 The Byzantine Empire conquers Italy 624 The Visigoths, conquest of the last Byzantine domains and the Basque Country. 587 Reccared, launched a movement to unify the various religious doctrines that existed in Hispania. 710 Rodrigo, the last Visigoth king 711 Muslim Invasion of the Visigoths
  2. 2. The Visigoths defeats Attila of the Huns at the Catalaunian Fields, together with Rome’s allies 462 Visigoths expand into Spain. 571 Visigoths conquer Cordoba 536 -562 The Byzantine Empire conquers Italy 624 The Visigoths, conquest of the last Byzantine domains and the Basque Country. 587 Reccared, launched a movement to unify the various religious doctrines that existed in Hispania. 710 Rodrigo, the last Visigoth king 711 Muslim Invasion of the Visigoths
  3. 3. The sack of Rome in 410 (19th century interpretation)
  4. 4. The Visigoths defeats Attila of the Huns at the Catalaunian Fields, together with Rome’s allies 462 Visigoths expand into Spain. 571 Visigoths conquer Cordoba 536 -562 The Byzantine Empire conquers Italy 624 The Visigoths, conquest of the last Byzantine domains and the Basque Country. 587 Reccared, launched a movement to unify the various religious doctrines that existed in Hispania. 710 Rodrigo, the last Visigoth king 711 Muslim Invasion of the Visigoths
  5. 5. Battle of the Catalaunic fields Between the Romans and goths against Atilla(451)
  6. 6. The Visigoths defeats Attila of the Huns at the Catalaunian Fields, together with Rome’s allies 462 Visigoths expand into Spain. 571 Visigoths conquer Cordoba 536 -562 The Byzantine Empire conquers Italy 624 The Visigoths, conquest of the last Byzantine domains and the Basque Country. 587 Reccared, launched a movement to unify the various religious doctrines that existed in Hispania. 710 Rodrigo, the last Visigoth king 711 Muslim Invasion of the Visigoths
  7. 7. The Visigoths defeats Attila of the Huns at the Catalaunian Fields, together with Rome’s allies 462 Visigoths expand into Spain. 571 Visigoths conquer Cordoba 536 -562 The Byzantine Empire conquers Italy 624 The Visigoths, conquest of the last Byzantine domains and the Basque Country. 587 Reccared, launched a movement to unify the various religious doctrines that existed in Hispania. 710 Rodrigo, the last Visigoth king 711 Muslim Invasion of the Visigoths
  8. 8. The Visigoths defeats Attila of the Huns at the Catalaunian Fields, together with Rome’s allies 462 Visigoths expand into Spain. 571 Visigoths conquer Cordoba 536 -562 The Byzantine Empire conquers Italy 624 The Visigoths, conquest of the last Byzantine domains and the Basque Country. 587 Reccared, launched a movement to unify the various religious doctrines that existed in Hispania. 710 Rodrigo, the last Visigoth king 711 Muslim Invasion of the Visigoths
  9. 9. Visigoths conquer Cordoba
  10. 10. The Visigoths defeats Attila of the Huns at the Catalaunian Fields, together with Rome’s allies 462 Visigoths expand into Spain. 571 Visigoths conquer Cordoba 536 -562 The Byzantine Empire conquers Italy 624 The Visigoths, conquest of the last Byzantine domains and the Basque Country. 587 Reccared, launched a movement to unify the various religious doctrines that existed in Hispania. 710 Rodrigo, the last Visigoth king 711 Muslim Invasion of the Visigoths
  11. 11. “ La convresión de Recaredo”: 19th Romantic interpretation.
  12. 12. The Visigoths defeats Attila of the Huns at the Catalaunian Fields, together with Rome’s allies 462 Visigoths expand into Spain. 571 Visigoths conquer Cordoba 536 -562 The Byzantine Empire conquers Italy 624 The Visigoths, conquest of the last Byzantine domains and the Basque Country. 587 Reccared, launched a movement to unify the various religious doctrines that existed in Hispania. 710 Rodrigo, the last Visigoth king 711 Muslim Invasion of the Visigoths
  13. 13. The Visigoths, conquest of the last Byzantine domains and the Basque Country.
  14. 14. The Visigoths defeats Attila of the Huns at the Catalaunian Fields, together with Rome’s allies 462 Visigoths expand into Spain. 571 Visigoths conquer Cordoba 536 -562 The Byzantine Empire conquers Italy 624 The Visigoths, conquest of the last Byzantine domains and the Basque Country. 587 Reccared, launched a movement to unify the various religious doctrines that existed in Hispania. 710 Rodrigo, the last Visigoth king 711 Muslim Invasion of the Visigoths
  15. 15. King Rodrigo
  16. 16. The Visigoths defeats Attila of the Huns at the Catalaunian Fields, together with Rome’s allies 462 Visigoths expand into Spain. 571 Visigoths conquer Cordoba 536 -562 The Byzantine Empire conquers Italy 624 The Visigoths, conquest of the last Byzantine domains and the Basque Country. 587 Reccared, launched a movement to unify the various religious doctrines that existed in Hispania. 710 Rodrigo, the last Visigoth king 711 Muslim Invasion of the Visigoths
  17. 17. Muslim Invasion (The Battle of Guadalete)
  18. 18. Los reyes visigodos noLos reyes visigodos no trataron de imponer su fetrataron de imponer su fe cristiana a sus súbditos-,cristiana a sus súbditos-, sino que respetaron elsino que respetaron el cristianismo católico quecristianismo católico que profesaban la mayoría deprofesaban la mayoría de ellos e interfirieron muyellos e interfirieron muy poco en las actividades depoco en las actividades de su Iglesia.su Iglesia. La conversión al catolicismo de Recaredo se produjo en el 587 y tras él la nobleza goda del reino visigodo de Toledo también abjuró de su fe cristiana arriana anterior. La formalización de la conversión se produjo durante el III Concilio de Toledo celebrado en el 589.
  19. 19. Las reuniones visigodas conciliares Las reuniones visigodas conciliares fueron de dos clases: provinciales, que fueron de dos clases: provinciales, que agrupaban el episcopado provincial; y agrupaban el episcopado provincial; y generales, que agrupando los obispos generales, que agrupando los obispos del reino, trataban temas de interés del reino, trataban temas de interés común. común. Estas asambleas político-religiosas de la monarquíaEstas asambleas político-religiosas de la monarquía visigótica eran convocadas por el rey y presididas porvisigótica eran convocadas por el rey y presididas por el arzobispo más antiguo (posteriormente por el deel arzobispo más antiguo (posteriormente por el de Toledo), donde la representación se reducía a las altasToledo), donde la representación se reducía a las altas jerarquías eclesiásticas y a la nobleza.jerarquías eclesiásticas y a la nobleza.
  20. 20. Guarrazar treasure is a treasure ofGuarrazar treasure is a treasure of Visigothic goldsmith composed ofVisigothic goldsmith composed of crowns and crosses several kings ofcrowns and crosses several kings of the Visigoth kingdom of Toledo Hethe Visigoth kingdom of Toledo He was found between 1858 and 1861was found between 1858 and 1861 in the archaeological site calledin the archaeological site called Guarrazar orchard located in theGuarrazar orchard located in the town of Guadamur, near Toledo.town of Guadamur, near Toledo.
  21. 21. Un arco de herradura es un arcoUn arco de herradura es un arco ultrasemicircular o ultrapasado (cuyaultrasemicircular o ultrapasado (cuya curva es más amplia que un semicírculo) ycurva es más amplia que un semicírculo) y que tiene forma de herradura. Es probableque tiene forma de herradura. Es probable que se trate de una creación de losque se trate de una creación de los antiguos indígenas prerromanos de laantiguos indígenas prerromanos de la península Ibérica, de ahí pasó, a través depenínsula Ibérica, de ahí pasó, a través de los romanos, al arte visigodolos romanos, al arte visigodo
  22. 22. Fibulae in key metal parts to join orFibulae in key metal parts to join or fasten garments dresses. Thesefasten garments dresses. These objects were made up of bronze andobjects were made up of bronze and colorful glass .colorful glass . They were made by goldsmiths.They were made by goldsmiths.
  23. 23. Decoration with friezes roleos,Decoration with friezes roleos, swastikas and vegetables andswastikas and vegetables and animal themes. The geometricanimal themes. The geometric decoration, carved bezel,decoration, carved bezel, reflects the fact that thereflects the fact that the Hispanic Church was counterHispanic Church was counter to the storied representation.to the storied representation.
  24. 24. Now we are going to explain some of the monuments that were so important for the arquitecture of the visigoths. Like the churches, hermitages, crypts and cathedrals.
  25. 25. The Church of San Juan Bautista or San Juan Bautista de Baños de Cerrato is an ancient stone Visigothic church. It is one of the earliest and most complete survivals of Visigothic architecture, founded in the 7th century.
  26. 26. The crypt of San Antolín, beneath theThe crypt of San Antolín, beneath the present cathedral of Palencia (Spain), is thepresent cathedral of Palencia (Spain), is the only remnant of the primitive Visigothonly remnant of the primitive Visigoth cathedral built in the second half of thecathedral built in the second half of the seventh century Romanesque elementsseventh century Romanesque elements added subsequently. The crypt is dedicatedadded subsequently. The crypt is dedicated to San Antolín, martyr, patron saint ofto San Antolín, martyr, patron saint of Palencia.Palencia.
  27. 27. The church of Santa Lucia delThe church of Santa Lucia del Trampal, the eight century,Trampal, the eight century, located in the municipality oflocated in the municipality of Alcuéscar, is a unique exampleAlcuéscar, is a unique example of Moorish architecture,of Moorish architecture, ordering its head with threeordering its head with three rectangular chapels open arectangular chapels open a transept.transept.
  28. 28. Santa Comba de Bande is a Visigoth temple possibly from the second half of the seventh century, located in the town of Bande in the province of Orense.
  29. 29. The temple of San Pedro de laThe temple of San Pedro de la Mata in the hamlet ofMata in the hamlet of Casalgordo, municipality ofCasalgordo, municipality of Sonseca province of Toledo,Sonseca province of Toledo, was built in the second half ofwas built in the second half of the seventh century, being athe seventh century, being a representative of the Visigothrepresentative of the Visigoth art building.art building.
  30. 30. The chapel of Santa Maria de QuintanillaThe chapel of Santa Maria de Quintanilla of the Vines, in the old alfoz of Lara, in theof the Vines, in the old alfoz of Lara, in the province of Burgos (Spain), is one of theprovince of Burgos (Spain), is one of the best examples of Visigoth architecture.best examples of Visigoth architecture. Until 1927 it was used as a corral for cattle,Until 1927 it was used as a corral for cattle, but was declared a National Monument onbut was declared a National Monument on 25 November 1929 and restored. And the25 November 1929 and restored. And the visigoths also used it like a church.visigoths also used it like a church.
  31. 31. We cand findWe cand find different sectorsdifferent sectors King Aristocracy. Clergy. Artisans and peasants. Slaves. Isidoro de Sevilla
  32. 32. He ruled the kingdomHe ruled the kingdom and their powerand their power supposed to besupposed to be absolute. However, heabsolute. However, he was oftenly challengedwas oftenly challenged by aristocracy .by aristocracy .
  33. 33. It was formed by theIt was formed by the Visigothic invadersVisigothic invaders and Romans noblesand Romans nobles.. First of all, aristocracyFirst of all, aristocracy was the controllingwas the controlling social class. It was asocial class. It was a minority and theyminority and they were priviledged. Theywere priviledged. They were the landowners.were the landowners.
  34. 34. They were churchThey were church leaders, priestsleaders, priests and monks.and monks. They were thoseThey were those belonged to thebelonged to the Church and prayedChurch and prayed there. They hadthere. They had many lands.many lands.
  35. 35. Both groups were theBoth groups were the descendants of the Romandescendants of the Roman “coloni” (ancient plebeians)“coloni” (ancient plebeians) Peasants lived in thePeasants lived in the country and they worked incountry and they worked in the lords and church’sthe lords and church’s lands.lands. There were few artisans andThere were few artisans and traders coming from thetraders coming from the East (mainly Jews andEast (mainly Jews and Easterners)Easterners)
  36. 36. There were also slaves in the VisigothicThere were also slaves in the Visigothic society.society. They obeyed their owner’s orders.They obeyed their owner’s orders. However there were fewer slaves thanHowever there were fewer slaves than in the Roman society.in the Roman society. They were really poor and sufferedThey were really poor and suffered from hunger and diseases.from hunger and diseases.

×