The carolingian empire and second invasions
Of the Franks
HISTORY OF FRANKS
• The Franks were among the known Roman Germanic
barbarians. Early V century began to expand
southward from their home territories along the river
Rhine to the Galia, dominated by the Romans.
• They unlike other Germanic peoples left their place of
•Carlos I, I called "the Great" and better known as Charlemagne was king of the
Franks from 768 until his death, nominal king of the Lombards, and Emperor of the
West. Son of King Pepin and Bertrada of Laon, ... wikipedia.org
•Birth: April 2 742 DC, Kingdom of the Franks in the Merovingian era
•Death: January 28, 814, Aachen
•Height: 1.84 m
•Parents: Bertrada of Laon, Pepin the Short
•Children: Alpaida, Adalhaid, Theodrada, Louis the Pious, Richbod Abbott of Saint-
Riquier, Hiltrude, Pepin the Hunchback, Theodoric son of Charlemagne, Rotrude,
Drogo of Metz, Hildegarde, Pepin of Italy, Ruodhaid, Adaltrude, Amaudru,
TREATY OF VERDUN
• The Treaty of Verdun was an agreement reached on 10 August 843
between Lothair I, Louis the German and Charles the Bald -sons of
Louis the Pious and grandsons of Charlemagne, in the homonymous
French town.  This treaty was to imperil ordinatio origin, decreeing
how to proceed if one of the subsidiary died childless monarchs.
However, this resulted in a series of conflicts in the empire that, far
from solving the divisions, deepened.
• After being carried out the cast, three territories that were renamed
West France, France Middle East and France they emerged.
MISSI DOMINICI• The Missi dominici was an institution of compensatory character
between the central power and territorial. He had been employed by the
Merovingian ever, but who gave him real use was Carlomagno, being
expressly mentioned in 779.
The counts, to enter the real vassalage, they were more closely
linked to the sovereign. Therefore, they were subject to the supervision
of the king's messengers, who also took part in his appointment. The missi
dominici were a couple of inspectors, a secular and ecclesiastical, that
crossed the counties remembering to their gentlemen their obligations.
A member of the aristocracy
and a member of the church (a bishop).
CULTURE OF THE FRANKS
•This period is commonly known by the name of the CAROLINGIAN
RENAISSANCE, by comparison with the cultural decline of the previous
•Charlemagne (like most men of his time, including many nobles and clergy)
could not read or write, not even arithmetic. However, he tried to raise the
cultural level of the Empire.
•They divided education in the Trivium (rhetoric, grammar and dialectic) and
Quatrivium (geometry, astronomy, arithmetic and music).
Alcuin, Eginard, Beda are their most important members. They became
relevant because they were the transmisors of the knowledge of
antiquity in a period where culture was not regarded as important.
The place where old
Books from Antiquity
Were copied in order
To be preserved for
They have Roman and byzantine influence.
They use the Roman arch (semicircular),
columns and capitels, and domes too .
This art is mainly religious, except in Aquisgran,
Where the church became a palace too.
THE VIKINGS INVASIONS
• The Vikings, a Nordic people from the Scandinavian Peninsula (Sweden and
Norway) and Denmark, swept with violence never seen before the northern
• In 911, the Frankish king Charles the Fat left territory to the Vikings with the
condition that they would convert to Christianity, and since then they started d to
be called Normans and their land Normandy. In the eleventh century Viking
invasions ceased and these are westernized, but because the kings could not
protect his subjects from invaders, they decided to go to the nobles for
protection, in exchange for working on their land, thus inventing the contract
feudal and plunging the world into the dark ages of feudalism (SOURCE)