Care for children with special needs


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Care for children with special needs

  1. 1. Basic needs  Food and shelter Children cannot acquire their own food orsustain any reasonable shelter. The initial responsibilityof their parents or carers is this to provide a roof overtheir heads and food in their stomachs. Physical safety Children cannot protect themselves fromaggressive adults (and other, stronger, children). Theythus need others to provide physical safety, keepingthem from harm and defending them when they arethreatened or attacked.
  2. 2. Basic needs Emotional security As their minds are developing, thereis much that children do not understandand even the most innocent situations canbe deeply distressing.
  3. 3. Developmental Needs Social skills  Children develop into people who must live and workwith others. For this they need to learn the rules of society. Theyneed to be able to communicate their ideas and desires. They needto persuade and change minds. Career abilities To become functioning adults, children need to learn allkinds of things, both at school and outside -- many abilities thatare useful in developing careers are not taught at school. This can be very much an exploratory activity as childrendiscover their talents and the things that motivate them(unsurprisingly, these often overlap).
  4. 4. Developmental Needs  Spiritual Needs This is the quiet need inside that wants to know andbelieve in a higher spiritual power than ourselves. Thisneed increases our awareness and sensitivity to the greateraspects of life. Creative Needs This is the need to express yourself in any manneryou desire. This can include the arts, dancing, acting, andwriting - almost anything that allows you to feelimaginative and inspired.
  5. 5. Developmental Needs  internal skills Children also need to learn to be happy inthemselves and to cope with the difficulties andtraumas of life. They thus need to learn self-confidenceand emotional maturity.
  6. 6. Abraham’s Maslow Hierarchy of Needs 
  7. 7. Children with Special Needs  Children with Special Needs requirespecial care. However, that is putting thesituation into very vague terms. Often, parentsmay find that their child is diagnosed with acondition that they have never even heard of.When that happens, they have to start at thevery beginning of learning what the conditionis and what they can expect from their child.
  8. 8. Children with Special Needs  Having the resources you need tounderstand your child’s special needs is one ofthe most valuable tools you can have. “Special needs” doesn’t have to mean the end of plans for the future. What it means is that you will have to make some adjustments to give the child the best possible outcome.