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Daffodils by William Wordsworth

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Daffodils by William Wordsworth

  1. 1. Piano D.H. Lawrence
  2. 2. Structure Poem is in rhyming couplets – these create a sense of harmony.This is built upon with the use of three equal quatrains. Perhaps the regular rhyming structure sounds musical? Moves between past and present – look for the time words – ‘Now’, ‘back’ etc.
  3. 3. Instrument which links speaker’s present to his past. Symbolic of 2 main things he longs for in his past:  His mother. Recalls security and warmth of her presence. Admires her for her grace and beauty. Strong respect for her.  Cozy, warm atmosphere of home. ‘Child’ repeated, desires simplicity and innocence.
  4. 4. Stanza 1 Softly, in the dusk, a woman is singing to me; Taking me back down the vista of years, till I see A child sitting under the piano, in the boom of the tingling strings And pressing the small, poised feet of a mother who smiles as she sings. Speaker listens to the piano and recalls his past. Belongs to warm and stable family. Nostalgic/Sentimental – ‘Softly’ Line 1, ‘Smiles as she sings’ Line 4. Music – Contrast between strong and weak sounds, like the struggle between the two singers. E.g. ‘softly’ and ‘boom’. “pressing the small, poised feet” shows sense of touch and Repetition of the ‘s’ consonant in phrase “who smiles as she sings” complements the soft, gentle music of the piano.
  5. 5. Stanza 2 In spite of myself, the insidious mastery of song Betrays me back, till the heart of me weeps to belong To the old Sunday evenings at home, with winter outside And hymns in the cosy parlour, the tinkling piano our guide. Moves from happy to bittersweet - ‘Betrays me’. “old Sunday evenings … with winter outside” - contrast used to amplify security felt in warm home setting. “the insidious mastery of song” indicates the overwhelming power of the music. “till the heart of me weeps” shows the extent of his being moved by his memories.
  6. 6. Strong word indicating sense of frustration. Unable to stop himself from recalling his past. Shows how overwhelming, how deep, his longing to return to his past is. Suggests how different and perhaps how unhappy his present life is compared to his past.
  7. 7. Stanza 3 So now it is vain for the singer to burst into clamour With the great black piano appassionato. The glamour Of childish days is upon me, my manhood is cast Down in the flood of remembrance, I weep like a child for the past. Moves into sadness as nostalgia builds in Stanza 3 – ‘glamour of childish days’, ‘I weep’. Climax “I weep like a child for the past” (simile) - speaker compares himself to a child, shows openness and childlike sincerity. Unable to control emotions any longer and breaks down. Stuck in the present but like the child, he longs to return to security and warmth of his past. “glamour” suggests beauty and grace. Childhood is glamorous because it is one of security and beauty. Overwhelming longing – tears compared to ‘flood’ and ‘cast’ indicates strength of his emotion destroying his façade of pride.
  8. 8. THANK YOU SO MUCH Reported by: Teoly Gay Caspe
  9. 9. Daffodils William Wordsworth
  10. 10. William Wordsworth was born on April 17, 1770, just outside the Lake District in the quaint market town of Cocker mouth, Cumbria. William Wordsworth
  11. 11. William Wordsworth He was one of the greatest romantic poets in the 19 – century England. He belongs to the Romantic school of poetry. Poets of this school are very interested in nature, which has a great effect on their poetry. Studied at Cambridge University Death Date: April 23, 1850
  12. 12. Introduction (about the poem)  William Wordsworth's "I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud " also known as “ The daffodils” is a lyric poem focusing on the poet's response to the beauty of nature  The final version of the poem was first published in Collected Poems in 1815. An earlier version was published in Poems in Two Volumes in 1807 as a three- stanza poem. The final version has four stanzas. .
  13. 13. Setting and Background Information The poem recaptures a moment on April 15, 1802. when Wordsworth and his sister, Dorothy, were walking near Lake Ullswater in Grasmere, Cambria County, England, and came across a "long belt" of golden daffodils. Wordsworth sister Dorothy, played an important part in his life and she also influenced him with her love of nature.
  14. 14. I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud
  15. 15. I wandered lonely as a Cloud (Daffodils): Rhyme, Form & Meter "I wandered lonely as a Cloud" has a fairly simple form that fits its simple and folksy theme and language. It consists of four stanzas with six lines each, for a total of 24 lines. The rhyme scheme is also simple: ABABCC. The last two lines of each stanza rhyme like the end of a Shakespearean sonnet, so each stanza feels independent and self-sufficient.
  16. 16. Figures of speech
  17. 17. •Stanza one: I wandered lonely as a cloud That floats on high o’er vales and hills. When all at once I saw a crowd, A host of golden daffodils; Beside the lake, beneath the trees, Fluttering and dancing in the breeze.
  18. 18. Figures of Speech (stanza one): ‘I wondered lonely as a cloud.’ Simile: The poet compares himself to a cloud walking without an aim. The poet used alliteration in: -Line 2: ‘That floats on high o’er vales and hills’. The ‘h’ sound as in high, and hills. Line 5: ‘Beside the lake, beneath the trees,’. The ‘b’ sound as in beside, and beneath.
  19. 19. Stanza one ‘Golden daffodils.’ Metaphor: The poet compares the yellow daffodils to gold in their bright color. ‘Fluttering and dancing in the breeze.’ Personification: The poet personifies the daffodils to people who can move and dance.
  20. 20. Stanza two: Continuous as the stars that shine And twinkle on the Milky Way, They stretched in never-ending line Along the margin of a bay: Ten thousands saw I at a glance, Tossing their heads in sprightly dance
  21. 21. Figures of Speech (stanza two): 1- ‘Continuous as the stars that shine’ Simile: The poet compares the daffodils to stars in their huge number and their shiny appearance. 2- ‘Tossing their heads in sprightly dance’ Personification: The poet personifies the daffodils as human beings moving their heads quickly.
  22. 22. Stanza three: The waves beside them danced, but they Outdid the sparkling waves in glee: A poet could not be gay, In such a jocund company: I gazed – and gazed – but little thought What wealth the show to me had brought
  23. 23. Figures of Speech (stanza three): ‘The waves beside them danced’ & ‘they outdid the sparkling waves in glee’ Personification: The poet personifies the waves as human beings dancing and feeling happy. The poet used alliteration in: -Line 1: The ‘b’ sound as in beside, and but. -Line 1: The ‘th’ sound as in the, them and they. Line 6: The ‘w’ sound as in what, and wealth.
  24. 24. Stanza four: For often, when on my couch I lie, In vacant or in pensive mood, They flash upon that inward eye Which is the bliss of solitude; and then my heart with pleasures fills, and dances with the daffodils.
  25. 25. Figures of Speech (stanza four): The poet used alliteration in: -Line 1: The ‘o’ sound as in often, and on. -Line 3: The ‘th’ sound as in they, and that. -Line 6: The ‘d’ sound as in dances, and daffodils. 2- ‘my heart …. dances with the daffodils’. Personification: The poet personifies his heart as a human being who is dancing
  26. 26. Figures of speech(Apostrophe: ): “I saw a crowd, A host, of golden daffodils; ”.The poet apostrophizes the daffodils and describes them in their large number as a crowd of people. Also , “In such a jocund company “The poets addresses the flowers as human beings and describes them as a happy company of good friends .
  27. 27. Repetition: In third stanza, poet repeated the word “gazed” two times. The word "dance" is repeated 3 times in this poem. In the 1st stanza, it denotes the happiness and liveliness of the flowers. In the 2nd stanza, it creates a sense of harmonious relationship between the daffodils and the waves. In the last stanza, it refers that this harmony is advanced to include the poet himself.
  28. 28. Lexical pattern: In first stanza, The poet used contrast between “ lonely” and “crowd” & “o’er “ and “ beneath.” The poet used contrast to stress and emphasize the meaning. This poem contains four stanza and all are talking about poet’s imagination on nature. Poet use maximum nature related words. The poet describes nature by describing the daffodils and comparing them to stars and waves. He is also writing about himself in relation to nature. Nature is a source of happiness.
  29. 29. Nature of literary communication  In this poem, poet himself is an addresser or sender. Through the whole poem, poet explaining his thought as monologue.  There is no addressee appears in this poem. Poet directly talking with his audience and sharing his feeling and thought about nature (daffodils). So, we are the receiver here.
  30. 30. Grammar And Sentence  William Wordsworth uses a complete sentence with subject and predicate.  There are six sentences Unit and Trunk in the entire poem.  The title of the poem itself is in a complete sentence. Aside from using complete sentences, the author also makes a vivid description of the daffodils by using several predicate to describe the scenery.  Wordsworth likes to begin each stanza by using a complete sentence and he expands it by using elaborate predicates and clauses.
  31. 31. I wandered lonely as a Cloud (Daffodils)I wandered lonely as a Cloud (Daffodils) semantic analysissemantic analysis The poet starts his poem by painting a picture of himself walking aimlessly, like a cloud in the sky when suddenly he saw a group of beautiful golden daffodils This whole poem was powers of imagination. Whatever he say, all came from his imagination. By his imagination power, William Wordsworth wrote this romantic poem where we find his romance with nature.
  32. 32. Semantic (Main Theme of the poem) Nature' s beauty uplifts the human spirit . Theme of { Happiness } :” Fluttering and dancing in the breeze “ maybe the poem just makes us feel good about life by using the power of imagination . the theme of loneliness : 'I wandered lonely as a cloud.' that could be affected by daily routines . theme of rejecting city life and going back to the Mother Nature . o Memory and the Past : the poet can always draw on his imagination to reproduce the joy of the event and to remember the spiritual wisdom that it provided o powers of imagination .
  33. 33. Semantic analysis (City life vs. Nature) Wordsworth try to explain the difference between city life and nature (rural). Through the lines, the shift of the poet feelings is very clear. Firstly, he complains about the corrupted world, which lacks cooperation and harmony, so he wanders lonely and hopeless. He prefers to get away from other people as if being with them brings him nothing but more sadness and loneliness. However, seeing the golden daffodils cheered him up because they welcomed him. "A host, of golden daffodils" shows that the poet ran away from city life and took nature as a shelter to protect him from the world's corruption.
  34. 34. References Spark Notes (2010). I Wandered Lonely As a Cloud. Retrieved from ml Mathew, P. (1997). Academy of American poets. [Web log post]. Retrieved from Samuel, K. (N.P). Biography of William Wordsworth. BBC. Retrieved from illiam.shtml