Spanish occupied Philippinesin early 15th century. The First Filipino alphabet is Alibata – when Spanish colonized Philippines they changed alibatas into Roman alphabet. Spanish banned the use ofAlibata because they believed that it is a work of evil. So Spanish fully introduced theSpanish literary language using many Spanish terms.
The European literature was brought by the Spaniards and are assimilated in Filipino songs and indigenous themes. The early printing press in the Philippine is run and monopolized by the Spaniards friars.
During Spanish colonizationFilipinos felt that they being harassed by the Spaniards. Then the Birth of thePropaganda movement and La Solidaridad. Then Filipino fought and introduced Tagalog to bethe language of revolution of the nationalist movement.
literature LITERATURE under underSpanish Colonial PeriodSpanish Colonial Period
SONGS A song is a composition for voice or voices, performed by singing. A choral or vocal song may be accompanied by musical instruments, or it may be unaccompanied, as in the case of a cappella songs. The lyrics (words) of songs are typically of a poetic, rhyming nature, though they may be religious verses or free prose.
SONGS LERON LERON SINTA This song depicts humbleness. Its the story of a man who tries to show what he got to win the heart of his beloved one.
SONGS SARUMBANGGI a Kundiman which means “one night” or “one evening” in Bicol. A kundiman is a Filipino love song traditionally sung by a man wooing the woman of his dreams.
RELIGIOUS DRAMA The religious drama, as setting forthevents recorded in the Bible or morallessons to be drawn from religiousteaching, is distinctively medieval incharacter, and in origin is closelyconnected with the services of theChurch.
RELIGIOUS DRAMA Panunuluyan(Tagalog for "asking for lodgings") is aPhilippine Christmas dramatic ritualnarrating the Holy Familys search for aplace to stay in Bethlehem forJesus Christs birth through song.
DRAMA Drama is the specific mode of fiction represented in performance. The enactment of drama in theatre, performed by actors on a stage before an audience, presupposes collaborative modes of production and a collective form of reception.
DRAMA Bakit Babae ang Naghuhugas ng Pinggan “Why Women Wash the Dishes” is a play that depicts a betting game between couple whom either one would not like to wash the dishes. The play is filled with humor and antiques.
POETRYPoetry is an imaginative awareness ofexperience expressed throughmeaning, sound, and rhythmic language choicesso as to evoke an emotional response. Poetryhas been known to employ meter and rhyme, butthis is by no means necessary. The very natureof poetry as an authentic and individual modeof expression makes it nearly impossible todefine.
POETRY FLORANTE AT LAURA The story is about the love and determination of the Duke Florante and the Princess Laura of Albania while being pursued by the usurper Count Adolfo.
RIZAL AND HIS CONTEMPORARIES JOSE RIZAL MARCELOANDRES DEL PILARBONIFACIO
SELECTED JOSE RIZALWORKS OF He is considered one of the national heroes of the Philippines. Studying in Europe, he was the most prominent advocate for reform in the Philippines during the Spanish colonial era. He was wrongly implicated as the leader of the Katipunan Revolution, and that led to his execution on December 30, 1896, now celebrated as Rizal Day, a national holiday in the country.
SELECTEDWORKS OF MI ULTIMO ADIOS A poem written by Philippine national hero Dr José Rizal on the eve of his execution on 30 December 1896. This poem was one of the last notes he wrote before his death; another that he had written was found in his shoe but because the text was illegible, its contents remains a mystery.
SELECTEDWORKS OF He was a celebrated figure in the Philippine Revolution and a leading propagandist for reforms in the Philippines. Popularly known as Plaridel, he was the editor and co-publisher of La Solidaridad (The Solidarity).MARCELO H.DEL PILAR
SELECTED DASALAN ATWORKS OF TOCSOHAN This is a satire on the friars hypocrisy, licentiousness and greed, which consists of parodies of the Sign of the Cross, the Act of Contrition, the Lords Prayer, the Hail Mary, and the catechism. Rizal considers this as a model of classical prose and an excellentMARCELO H. example of Tagalog humor, wit,DEL PILAR and sarcasm.
He was a founder and laterSupremo of the Katipunanmovement which sought theindependence of the Philippinesfrom Spanish colonial rule andstarted thePhilippine Revolution.
This poem whichwas first published in theDiariong Tagalog. As the titleindicates, the theme is directed tothe Filipinos in order to arousetheir spirit ofnationalismand self-dependence.
Philippine literaryproduction during theAmerican Period in thePhilippines wasspurred by twosignificantdevelopments ineducation and culture.One is the introductionof free publicinstruction for allchildren of school ageand two, the use ofEnglish as medium ofinstruction in all
Free public educationmade knowledge andinformation accessibleto a greater numberof Filipinos. Those whoavailed of thiseducation throughcollege were able toimprove their socialstatus and joined agood number ofeducated masses whobecame part of thecountry’s middle
The use of English asmedium of instructionintroduced Filipinos toAnglo-American modesof thought, culture andlife ways that wouldbe embedded not onlyin the literatureproduced but also inthe psyche of thecountry’s educatedclass. It was thiseducated class thatwould be the
Philippine literaturein English, as a directresult of Americancolonization of thecountry, could notescape being imitativeof American models ofwriting especiallyduring its period ofapprenticeship.
LITERATURE UNDER AMERICAN COLONIAL PERIODTagalog Romantic Short Beginning ofNovel Poetry Stories Phil Lit in English
A novel is a TAGALOGlong prose narrative NOVELthat describesfictional charactersand events in theform of asequentialstory, usually. ATagalog novel is anovel written in, ofcourse, Tagalog.
Banaag at Sikat is one of the firstliterary novels written TAGALOGby Filipino author LopeK. Santos in NOVELthe Tagalog language in1906. As a book thatwas considered as the"Bible of working classFilipinos", the pages ofthe novel revolvesaround the life ofDelfin, his love for adaughter of a richlandlord, while Lope K.
Philippine literature in English By 1901, publicBeginning education was of institutionalized in the Philippines, with EnglishPhilippine serving as the medium ofLiterature instruction. That year, around 600 educators in in the S.S. Thomas to English replace the soldiers who had been serving as the first teachers.
"How My Brother Leon Brought Home a Wife"Beginning A story about an occasion of that would be a big dayPhilippine in the life of any family,Literature the day one of the sons of the family brings hope in the woman he intends to English marry. The story is told in the first person by Leons younger brother.