Farming the City-                            Role of Urban Agriculture                             in Local Food Systems  ...
Summit Urban Farming                           Initiative (SUFI)                     • Why local food systems?            ...
Schedule                            6:15-6:25: Write name and one sentence vision statement on what you                   ...
Reason #1:          Resilient EconomyFriday, February 18, 2011
Why Local Food                              Systems?Friday, February 18, 2011
Distribution of Food Dollar                             1900-2005                                     Farmer: 40 cents    ...
Distribution of Food Dollar                             1900-2005                                         Distribution:   ...
Distribution of Food Dollar                             1900-2005                                   These are all activiti...
Distribution of Food Dollar                             1900-2005                                    Opportunity Space:   ...
Reason #2:         Public Health and Social EquityFriday, February 18, 2011
Friday, February 18, 2011
Health is more than                             just health care                  • Where we live matters                 ...
Friday, February 18, 2011
Friday, February 18, 2011
City of Cleveland                     • Passes New Years Resolution legislation to                            address heal...
Reason #3:          Energy and ClimateFriday, February 18, 2011
Queensland, Australia          The disruption of exports including coal and cotton caused the Australian dollar to fall to...
Friday, February 18, 2011
Carbon Emissions of                 Northeast Ohio 4th in NationFriday, February 18, 2011
A 5% increase in soil organic      matter (carbon) in the top      12 inches of topsoil would      off-set carbon emission...
A 5% increase in soil organic        Water storage      matter (carbon) in the top         Water infiltration      12 inche...
Where to get leverage?                     • Economic recession, job loss?                     • Public health challenges?...
Environment                                               Carbon sequestration                                            ...
Role of Urban Farming                    in Local Food SystemsFriday, February 18, 2011
Why Urban Farming?                “By	  beautifying	  vacant	  lots	  and	  yards	  in	  nearly	  every	                  ...
Why Urban Farming?                “By	  beautifying	  vacant	  lots	  and	  yards	  in	  nearly	  every	                  ...
Back to the Future!        • School garden program             developed as way to promote             home gardening and ...
Work Relief             Gardens                            Gardens for                            unemployed              ...
Greenhouse Production         Northeast Ohio the “greenhouse capital” of America with more         per capita production u...
Historic Role of Urban                           Farming                     • Urban beautification (Home Gardening        ...
Urban Farming Today                     • Vacant land re-utilization                     • Food security/food access      ...
Vacant Land Re-Use                               Full Circle Fuels, Oberlin OHFriday, February 18, 2011
Food Access                            Huron Road Hospital, East Cleveland, OHFriday, February 18, 2011
Employment                            Stanard School, Cleveland, OHFriday, February 18, 2011
Entrepreneurship                             EcoVillage Produce, Cleveland, OHFriday, February 18, 2011
Community Building                              Berkeley Street Garden, Boston, MAFriday, February 18, 2011
Learning & Education                               Lots of Green,Youngstown, OHFriday, February 18, 2011
Diet and Health                            Vel’s Purple Oasis, Cleveland, OHFriday, February 18, 2011
Beautification                            The “Yarden”, Columbus, OHFriday, February 18, 2011
Mental Health                            Hitchcock Center for Women, Cleveland, OHFriday, February 18, 2011
Business Development                            Tunnel Vision Hoops, Cleveland, OHFriday, February 18, 2011
Stormwater Management                            Alley Garden CoHousing,Vancouver, BCFriday, February 18, 2011
Waste Re-Use                            Lucky’s Cafe Gardens, Cleveland, BCFriday, February 18, 2011
Art!                            City Farm,Vancouver, BCFriday, February 18, 2011
Fun!                            George Jones Farm, Oberlin, OHFriday, February 18, 2011
Urban Farming Today                     • Many historic strands to connect us to                            historical tre...
Types of Urban Farms                     • Home garden-                     • Community garden-                     • Urba...
Types of Urban Farms                     • Home garden- personal consumption, sharing                     • Community gard...
Types of Urban Farms                     • Home garden- personal consumption, sharing                     • Community gard...
Types of Urban Farms                     • Home garden- personal consumption, sharing                     • Community gard...
Types of Urban Farms                     • Home garden- personal consumption, sharing                     • Community gard...
Types of Urban Farms                     • Home garden- personal consumption, sharing                     • Community gard...
Trends in Urban                            Farming in Cleveland                     • 1970-2005: Community gardens and cit...
Types of Urban Farms                     • Home garden- personal consumption, sharing                     • Community gard...
Where does your                               vision fit in?                     • Place your vision on a sheet for one of ...
Case Studies                     • Intergeneration School Permaculture                            Garden (Learning Garden)...
Local Food Value Chain       Informal              Market                                    Infrastructure Consumption   ...
Collaborative Networks                     • How can you as a class organize a                            collaborative ne...
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Farming the City: Role of Urban Agriculture in Local Food Systems

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Farming the City: Role of Urban Agriculture in Local Food Systems

  1. 1. Farming the City- Role of Urban Agriculture in Local Food Systems Summit Urban Farming Initiative (SUFI) Market Gardener Training Presented by Brad Masi, February 18, 2011Friday, February 18, 2011
  2. 2. Summit Urban Farming Initiative (SUFI) • Why local food systems? • What part does urban farming play in cultivating local food systems? • Examples of urban farming initiatives in Northeast Ohio • Networks and collaborationFriday, February 18, 2011
  3. 3. Schedule 6:15-6:25: Write name and one sentence vision statement on what you hope to do with this class 6:30-7:15- overview of local food systems and urban agriculture 7:15-7:30- map your vision and take a break 7:30-8:30- video case studies of urban farms 8:30-8:45- break 8:45-9:00- What assets are in the room?Friday, February 18, 2011
  4. 4. Reason #1: Resilient EconomyFriday, February 18, 2011
  5. 5. Why Local Food Systems?Friday, February 18, 2011
  6. 6. Distribution of Food Dollar 1900-2005 Farmer: 40 cents to 7 cents Distribution: 42 cents to 73 centsFriday, February 18, 2011
  7. 7. Distribution of Food Dollar 1900-2005 Distribution: •Refrigeration •Processing •Packaging •Transport •AdvertisingFriday, February 18, 2011
  8. 8. Distribution of Food Dollar 1900-2005 These are all activities that take place outside of our regional or local economies.Friday, February 18, 2011
  9. 9. Distribution of Food Dollar 1900-2005 Opportunity Space: There’s a huge opportunity for us to take over more of the dollars spent on long-distance food shipment and processing by reducing distribution costs of local and showing higher return for farmerFriday, February 18, 2011
  10. 10. Reason #2: Public Health and Social EquityFriday, February 18, 2011
  11. 11. Friday, February 18, 2011
  12. 12. Health is more than just health care • Where we live matters • Cuyahoga County exploring the connection between health and land-use • Access to food, gardens, green space, exercise are all driven by land-use • Leadership from first Lady ObamaFriday, February 18, 2011
  13. 13. Friday, February 18, 2011
  14. 14. Friday, February 18, 2011
  15. 15. City of Cleveland • Passes New Years Resolution legislation to address health and nutrition issues • Cleveland Clinic, UH, Metro, and Vincent- Chairty hospitals collaborate to connect healthy food and local foodFriday, February 18, 2011
  16. 16. Reason #3: Energy and ClimateFriday, February 18, 2011
  17. 17. Queensland, Australia The disruption of exports including coal and cotton caused the Australian dollar to fall to $98.32 in early trade... As some economists’ predictions on the damage and clean-up doubled to $13 billion, PM Julia Gillard has so far ruled out increasing the budget deficit to help Queensland re-build...Friday, February 18, 2011
  18. 18. Friday, February 18, 2011
  19. 19. Carbon Emissions of Northeast Ohio 4th in NationFriday, February 18, 2011
  20. 20. A 5% increase in soil organic matter (carbon) in the top 12 inches of topsoil would off-set carbon emissions in the United States released since the 1950’sFriday, February 18, 2011
  21. 21. A 5% increase in soil organic Water storage matter (carbon) in the top Water infiltration 12 inches of topsoil would + Fertility Soil microbial life off-set carbon emissions in Productivity Soil structure the United States released since the 1950’sFriday, February 18, 2011
  22. 22. Where to get leverage? • Economic recession, job loss? • Public health challenges? • Climate change and energy?Friday, February 18, 2011
  23. 23. Environment Carbon sequestration Carbon reduction Healthy Soil building Local Food Clean water Systems Restored biodiversity Job creation Healthy individuals Enterprise development Reduced health care cost Community wealth Social mixing Economic linkages Equitable access to food Economy Community HealthFriday, February 18, 2011
  24. 24. Role of Urban Farming in Local Food SystemsFriday, February 18, 2011
  25. 25. Why Urban Farming? “By  beautifying  vacant  lots  and  yards  in  nearly  every   section  of  the  city,  it  has  greatly  increased  realty  values   beside  adding  to  the  beauty  of  the  city.  But  what  is  more   important,  it  has  made  the  health  of  the  city  better.  It  has   got  the  people  out  of  doors  to  cultivate  <lower  and   vegetable  gardens  who  before  never  ventured  into  a   garden.  They  feel  and  live  better.”Friday, February 18, 2011
  26. 26. Why Urban Farming? “By  beautifying  vacant  lots  and  yards  in  nearly  every   section  of  the  city,  it  has  greatly  increased  realty  values   beside  adding  to  the  beauty  of  the  city.  But  what  is  more   important,  it  has  made  the  health  of  the  city  better.  It  has   got  the  people  out  of  doors  to  cultivate  <lower  and   vegetable  gardens  who  before  never  ventured  into  a   garden.  They  feel  and  live  better.” -Cleveland Plain Dealer Article on Home Gardening Association, 1907Friday, February 18, 2011
  27. 27. Back to the Future! • School garden program developed as way to promote home gardening and use of vacant lots in Cleveland in 1904 • Involved both youth and adult education • Active until school deficits led to its closure in 1977 • Initiative replicated throughout the world to adapt school garden concepts for their citiesFriday, February 18, 2011
  28. 28. Work Relief Gardens Gardens for unemployed workers in Cleveland in 1930’sFriday, February 18, 2011
  29. 29. Greenhouse Production Northeast Ohio the “greenhouse capital” of America with more per capita production under glass than any other region in the United States. Much production concentrated along Schaff Road in Old Brooklyn near Cleveland until late 1970’sFriday, February 18, 2011
  30. 30. Historic Role of Urban Farming • Urban beautification (Home Gardening Association) • Learning and community building (school gardens) • Unemployment and economic relief (Work Relief Gardens) • Economic production (greenhouses)Friday, February 18, 2011
  31. 31. Urban Farming Today • Vacant land re-utilization • Food security/food access • Employment • Entrepreneurship • Community building • Learning and education • Health • BeautificationFriday, February 18, 2011
  32. 32. Vacant Land Re-Use Full Circle Fuels, Oberlin OHFriday, February 18, 2011
  33. 33. Food Access Huron Road Hospital, East Cleveland, OHFriday, February 18, 2011
  34. 34. Employment Stanard School, Cleveland, OHFriday, February 18, 2011
  35. 35. Entrepreneurship EcoVillage Produce, Cleveland, OHFriday, February 18, 2011
  36. 36. Community Building Berkeley Street Garden, Boston, MAFriday, February 18, 2011
  37. 37. Learning & Education Lots of Green,Youngstown, OHFriday, February 18, 2011
  38. 38. Diet and Health Vel’s Purple Oasis, Cleveland, OHFriday, February 18, 2011
  39. 39. Beautification The “Yarden”, Columbus, OHFriday, February 18, 2011
  40. 40. Mental Health Hitchcock Center for Women, Cleveland, OHFriday, February 18, 2011
  41. 41. Business Development Tunnel Vision Hoops, Cleveland, OHFriday, February 18, 2011
  42. 42. Stormwater Management Alley Garden CoHousing,Vancouver, BCFriday, February 18, 2011
  43. 43. Waste Re-Use Lucky’s Cafe Gardens, Cleveland, BCFriday, February 18, 2011
  44. 44. Art! City Farm,Vancouver, BCFriday, February 18, 2011
  45. 45. Fun! George Jones Farm, Oberlin, OHFriday, February 18, 2011
  46. 46. Urban Farming Today • Many historic strands to connect us to historical trends in the past century • Many modern and future trends connecting us to more long-term notions of “green and sustainable” cities in the post-cheap energy era • 25% localization of food purchasing in NEO means 27,000 new green jobs, including many in citiesFriday, February 18, 2011
  47. 47. Types of Urban Farms • Home garden- • Community garden- • Urban market garden • Learning garden • Social service garden-Friday, February 18, 2011
  48. 48. Types of Urban Farms • Home garden- personal consumption, sharing • Community garden- • Urban market garden • Learning garden • Social service garden-Friday, February 18, 2011
  49. 49. Types of Urban Farms • Home garden- personal consumption, sharing • Community garden- personal consumption, donations • Urban market garden- • Learning garden • Social service garden-Friday, February 18, 2011
  50. 50. Types of Urban Farms • Home garden- personal consumption, sharing • Community garden- personal consumption, donations • Urban market garden- commercial sales • Learning garden- • Social service garden-Friday, February 18, 2011
  51. 51. Types of Urban Farms • Home garden- personal consumption, sharing • Community garden- personal consumption, donations • Urban market garden- commercial sales • Learning garden- education, research, learning • Social service garden-Friday, February 18, 2011
  52. 52. Types of Urban Farms • Home garden- personal consumption, sharing • Community garden- personal consumption, donations • Urban market garden- commercial sales • Learning garden- education, research, learning • Social service garden- mental health, job trainingFriday, February 18, 2011
  53. 53. Trends in Urban Farming in Cleveland • 1970-2005: Community gardens and city summer sprout program • 2005-2009: Transition to market gardens growing food for income generation • 2009-2010: Urban agriculture commons and more complex community partnershipsFriday, February 18, 2011
  54. 54. Types of Urban Farms • Home garden- personal consumption, sharing • Community garden- personal consumption, donations • Urban market garden- commercial sales • Learning garden- education, research, learning • Social service garden- mental health, job trainingFriday, February 18, 2011
  55. 55. Where does your vision fit in? • Place your vision on a sheet for one of the types of gardens. Is your garden a home garden, a community garden, a market garden, learning garden, or social service garden?Friday, February 18, 2011
  56. 56. Case Studies • Intergeneration School Permaculture Garden (Learning Garden) • Strawbale Greenhouse at Vel’s Purple Oasis (Community Learning Garden with some marketing) • Stanard School (Social service/employment) • Ohio City Fresh Food Collaborative (mix of community, market, social service, and learning)Friday, February 18, 2011
  57. 57. Local Food Value Chain Informal Market Infrastructure Consumption Economy Economy Aggregation Urban Market Markets Gardens Community Production Distribution Rural Eaters! Farms ProcessingFriday, February 18, 2011
  58. 58. Collaborative Networks • How can you as a class organize a collaborative network to advance urban agriculture and local food systems in Akron? • What is the primary asset that you bring to the table right know (land, knowledge, tools, markets, construction)? • To learn more and stay in touch check out: www.NEOFoodWeb.orgFriday, February 18, 2011

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