Endocrine system medical terminology

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Endocrine system medical terminology

  1. 1. B Y : E S T H E R M O S K O W I T Z The Endocrine System
  2. 2. -emia condition of the blood FOR EXAMPLE: Hypercalcemia Too much calcium in the blood
  3. 3. Common Symptoms: •Nausea and vomiting •Loss of appetite •Excessive thirst •Frequent urination •Constipation •Abdominal pain •Muscle weakness •Muscle and joint aches •Confusion •Lethargy and fatigue
  4. 4. Common Causes of Hypercalcemia 1. Primary fHyperthyroidism 2.Adrenal gland failure 3.familial hypocalciuric hypercalcemia, 4.thiazides 5.Excess vitamin D from diet or inflammatory diseases 6.Kidney Failure 7.Massive amounts of calcium in diet (milk- alkali syndrome) 8.Immobility 9.Some cancerous tumors
  5. 5. Treatment: It is mainly directed at the cause Hypercalcemia whenever possible. In cases of Hyperparathyroidism, surgery may be needed to remove the abnormal parathyroid gland.
  6. 6. -Dipsia - condition of thirst Polydipsia - Excessive and constant thirst caused by disease
  7. 7. Causes of Thirst 1. Acute erosive gastritis Sweating 2. Heat and sun stroke 3. Alcohol 4. Anemia 5. Diabetes Insipidus 6. Diabetes Mellitus 7. Fever 8. Malaria 9. Diarrhea 10. Peritonitis 11. Diuretics and other meds
  8. 8. Things to know about thirst Drink at least 8 glasses of fluids a day. Increase your fluid intake when it is hot. Drink more fluids when you have a fever, a cold, the flu, diarrhea, or other illnesses. Drink water when you are Vomiting or having diarrhea because they can lead to dehydration. You should notify your physician if you have a Sudden development of constant thirst as it may be a warning sign of diabetes. R R
  9. 9. Sources:  http://www.formulamedical.com/Topics/Symptoms /Thirst.htm  http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/hypercalcemia/ DS00976/DSECTION=symptoms  https://health.google.com/health/ref/Hypercalcemi a

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