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Digital TV and Training of Teachers


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Digital TV and Training of Teachers

  1. 1. 3° International Congress: ICT in the Teaching San Juan Iztacala, México April, 20 - 2012 NoComercialSinObraDerivada 3.0 Unported License. Digital TV and Training of Teachers Author Angel Ernesto Ceballos Van Grieken: Introduction The following paper describes the importance of including in teacher training programs: technological and educational use of the tools that Information and Communication Technologies offer the teaching and learning process, according to statistics gathered through research, it is important that today computers and Internet networking technologies are enjoying great power of penetration in Latin American society and are often the preferred technologies when mentioning and highlighting the educational uses of technology, ignoring cell technology and digital television, both technologies enjoy American household penetration. The work presented demonstrates the technology gap between teachers and students, this gap can be reduced by training teachers. The study shows that technological training is more effective if performed during the teacher training, and who are in the stage of cognitive training, allowing the relationship between strategies and resources to use.
  2. 2. Technological gap between Teachers and Students Teachers and students are more people who are related to the teaching and learning process. These two actors in a gap in age, which brings as a consequence, different needs, priorities and environment in which they operate, these differences are reflected in the use of technologies. It is the aim of the educational system adapt to the environment, tools and equipment to handle the students. The best way to reduce the digital divide by training teachers in the use of Information and Communication Technologies in Education. The problem in this type of solution is that teacher training is done after graduation. This paper presents the best solution is to do it during training and teaching of the individual, taking advantage of cognitive training to better design strategies and resources that can merge to better the dual technology - education. Theoretical Foundations : Inclusion of Information and Communication Technologies in Education. Is extensive discussion in the scientific community about the theoretical foundations of the inclusion of Information and Communication Technologies in Education. From this work, the contribution is made to contribute to the theoretical justification of this process, I selected Sociological and cultural theory of Lev Vygotsky and his foundation on which human development can be explained solely in terms of social interaction. Vygotsky argues that human development involves the internalization of cultural instruments initially not ours, but belong to the group of people in which we are born. The Information and Communication Technologies are cultural instruments and societies, young students appropriated these tools for communication, for this reason, education, and comprehensive system that transmits cultural products from one generation to another, take consider the technology to be used as teaching and learning tools. Within the theory of Lev Vygotsky found the Cultural Genetics of Development Law, the author of this work, promptly seeks to explain and justify the use of technology in education means basing on interpsychological the individual level and then daily interaction with the technology, and has assumed the plane intrapsychological, internalizing accomplishing it. As this theory explains what happens to language as societies cultural instrument.
  3. 3. Digital TV to support education. Television is the medium of communication and information that has endured over time without the occurrence therein the most significant change has a great popularity among Latin American societies that often exceeds the number of single household equipment. Today there is the necessary migration from analogue to digital TV due to technological advances in data transmission and quality of content offered to users. Digital TV has the following characteristics to be taken into account all the teachers that relate to the educational use of technology: - Better image definition and increased channel capacity. - Mobility: moving possible reception. - Portability: reception of digital television signal in portable and mobile. - Flexibility: use of the system for different applications and services. - Multiple transmissions simulcast content. - Interactivity: ability to interact with the system and responds to user requests. Of all the characteristics presented above, it is important to emphasize the aspect of mobility and interactivity of digital television systems, allowing users to receive interactive educational content in a wide range of equipment. Interactivity in digital television , allow the user the following educational activities: - Choose camera angles - Answer surveys the educational process. - Voting in elections and real time virtual: accept offers educational courses of an institution. - Make complaints, suggestions or questions to authorities of any school or subject teacher. - Find jobs or scholarships.
  4. 4. - Reply to educational content that are simulations or demonstrations , in order to apply knowledge acquired in the classroom or educational programs televised. Studying the possibilities of digital television, we bring out the educational potential of this technology, coupled with this, the monetary investment would be minimal, since the existence of adapters, receivers, antennas and decoders along with the funding and implementation plans that have Latin American governments mentioned guarantee the right of access to the open digital television signal. Conclusion No doubt the digital and interactive media will be the strongest of the Information and Communication Technologies in the future. Latin American governments have already made decisions about digital TV standards and set goals for the digital switchover, which will no longer broadcast analog signal, giving way to digital television. It is a necessity and priority of education institutions, especially those designed to train education professionals and teachers, focusing on the development of strategies, resources and educational content for these technologies. The research presented along with recommendations given, shows that if the technology gap decreases between teachers and students can achieve greater efficiency in the process of teaching and learning motivation of students and less chance of dropouts.