What makes a piece of POETRYwritten work, a poem?
• Peculiar use of language!• One big metaphor!• It is not written or spoken like everyday language.•It has certain idiosyncrasies/quirks that enable it to deliver a message in an out-of-the-ordinary way. What makes a piece of POETRY written work, a poem?
“Poetry deals with people’s deepest feelings andemotions, but, instead of letting them run wild, itattempts to make them manageable throughcarefully controlled language.” (Osborn, 1995) What makes a piece of POETRY written work, a poem?
OnomatopoeiaA device in which the sound of a word imitates the sound of the object towhich it refersThere Are So Many Tictoc (an excerpt)there are so many tictocclocks everywhere telling peoplewhat toctic time it is fortictic instance five toc minutes tocpast six tic SOUND-e.e. cummings
The Loch Ness Monsters SongSssnnnwhuffffll?Hnwhuffl hhnnwfl hnfl hfl?Gdroblboblhobngbl gbl gl g g g g glbgl.Drublhaflablhaflubhafgabhaflhafl fl fl -gm grawwwww grf grawf awfgm graw gm.Hovoplodok - doplodovok - plovodokot - doplodokosh?Splgraw fok fok splgrafhatchgabrlgabrl fok splfok!Zgra kra gka fok!Grof grawff gahf?Gombl mbl bl -blm plm,blm plm,blm plm,blp SOUND-Edwin Morgan
Alliterationrepetition of the same consonant sound at the beginning of two wordsSummum Bonum (an excerpt)Robert BrowningAll the breath and the bloom of the year in the bag of one bee:All the wonder and wealth of the mine in the heart of one gem:In the core of one pearl all the shade and the shine of the sea:Breath and bloom, shade and shine, wonder, wealth, and--how far above them-- SOUND
Assonancerepetition of the same vowel soundsVowel Movements (an excerpt)by Daryl HineTake a statement, the same as yesterday’s dictation: Lately pain has been there waiting when I awake.Creative despair and failure have made their patient. Anyway, I’m afraid I have nothing to say. SOUND
SimileA figure of speech in which two things, alike in some way, areimaginatively comparedLike a StarJust like a star across my sky,Just like an angel off the page,You have appeared to my life,Feel like Ill never be the same,Just like a song in my heart,Just like oil on my hands, FIGURES OF SPEECH-Corinne Bailey Rae
The Black Angel (excerpt)Where are the people as beautiful as poems,As calm as mirrors,With their oceanic longings –The idler whom reflection loved,The woman with the iridescent brow?For I would bring them flowers…They are the past of what was always future.They speak in tongues,Silently, about nothing.They are like old streetcars buried at sea, In the wrong element, with no place to go… I will not meet her eye… FIGURES OF - Henri Coulette SPEECH
MetaphorA figure of speech that imaginatively identifies one thing with anotherThe Road Not Taken (excerpt)I shall be telling this with a sighSomewhere ages and ages hence:Two roads diverged in a wood, and I--I took the one less traveled by,And that has made all the difference. FIGURES OF SPEECH-Robert Frost
MetaphorA figure of speech that imaginatively identifies one thing with anotherVariation on the Word SleepI would like to be the airthat inhabits you for a momentonly. I would like to be thatunnoticed& that necessary. FIGURES OF-Margaret Atwood SPEECH
PersonificationA figure of speech in which something is given human form,character or traitsPermanently (an excerpt)One day the Nouns were clustered in the street.An Adjective walked by, with her dark beauty.The Nouns were struck, moved, changed.The next day a Verb drove up, and created the Sentence.-Kenneth Koch FIGURES OF SPEECH
Imagerythe mental impression or visualized likeness summoned up by a word,phrase or sentenceJanuaryThe fox drags its wounded bellyOver the snow, the crimson seedsOf blood burst with a mild explosion,Soft as excrement, bold as roses.Over the snow that feels no pity,Whose white hands can give no healing,The fox drags its wounded belly. IMAGERY - R.S. Thomas
The Day Flies Off Without MeThe planes bound for all points everywhereetch lines on my office window. From the top floorLondon recedes in all directions, and beyond:the world with its teeming hearts.I am still, you move, I am a point of reference on a map;I am at zero meridian as you consume the longitudes.The pact we made to read our farewells exactlyat two in the afternoon with you in the airholds me like a heavy winter coat. IMAGERYYour unopened letter is in my pocket, beating.
The Emperor’s New Sonnet-Jose Garcia Villa IMAGERY
DictionThe style of speaking and writing as reflected in the choice and use ofwordsCAt night I dream sweet dreams of you,In daytime you’re my dream come true.-Ann O’MalleyDreamsHere we all are, by day; by night we are hurledBy dreams, each into a several world DICTION-Robert Herrick
Moodthe climate of feeling in a poem that is received by the readerFuneral Blues (excerpts)He was my North, my South, my East and West,My working week and my Sunday rest,My noon, my midnight, my talk, my song;I thought that love would last forever: I was wrong.The stars are not wanted now; put out every one,Pack up the moon and dismantle the sun,Pour away the ocean and sweep up the woods;For nothing now can ever come to any good. MOOD-W.H. Auden
ToneAn author’s attitude or point of view toward his or her subjectFuneral Blues (excerpts)He was my North, my South, my East and West,My working week and my Sunday rest,My noon, my midnight, my talk, my song;I thought that love would last forever: I was wrong.The stars are not wanted now; put out every one,Pack up the moon and dismantle the sun,Pour away the ocean and sweep up the woods;For nothing now can ever come to any good. TONE-W.H. Auden
Forms of Love (an excerpt)I love you more than Ive ever loved anyone, except for this oneguy.I love you when youre not getting drunk and stupid.I love how you get me.I love your pain, its so competitive.I love how emotionally unavailable you are.I love you like Im a strange backyard and youre running fromthecops, looking for a place to stash your gun.I love your hair.I love you but Im just not that into you.I love you secretly. TONE- Kim Addonizio
Syntax- The arrangement of words into phrases, clauses and sentencesi thank You God for most this amazingday:for the leaping greenly spirits of treesand a blue true dream of sky; and for everythingwhich is natural which is infinite which is yes- e.e. cummings SYNTAX
.05If i had a nickel If i had a nickel forFor all the women who’ve All the women who’ve lovedRejected me in my life Me in my life i would beI would be the head of the The World Bank’s assistantWorld Bank with a flunkie Janitor and wouldn’t needTo hold my derby as i To wear a derbyPrepared to fly chartered All i’d think about wouldJet to sign a check Be going homeGiving India a new lease SYNTAXOn life -Ishmael Reed
Form-the physical structure of the poem, such as the length of thelines. It is normally reserved for the type of poem where thesefeatures have been shaped into a pattern, especially a familiarpattern. FORM
S Speaker . Who is the speaker of the poem? (persona) O Occasion. Consider the context, setting, circumstances that surround the poem. If it’s not explicitly stated, you may infer from what is written. What prompted the author to write this piece? A Addressee. Who is the poem being addressed to? P Purpose. What is the speaker’s purpose for writing the poem? What is the message of the poem? S Subject and main idea of the poem What is being talked about? How do you know that this is the subject of the piece?Tone What is the attitude of the author toward what he or she has written?