Harvesting & Selling Timber Oct 2009


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  • Angie Please ask questions as we go.
  • Angie Overview of the presentation.
  • Angie Outline and give examples of reasons for a possible sale.
  • Lance Veneer – the highest grade of quality, many different grades; domestic and export. Lumber is graded by appearance not strength. The poorest side is graded. National Hardwood Lumber Association determines the grade rules. Lower grades used for pallets and tie cuts. Prices are surveyed by Hardwood Marketing groups and published weekly by region. Housing starts and remodeling demand.
  • Angie Discuss forester options. DNR as first likely choice. Consulting forester other choice (although limited availability and most work closely/directly with DNR). DNR charges 13%, can mark sale but cannot help select logger or act as landowner agent. Consulting foresters 10-20% of net sale price. Explain a “walk through.”
  • Lance – Stewardship prices Backlog Tax programs
  • Lance – Prices of Stewardship plans?????
  • Angie
  • Angie Pine thinning – basal area or row
  • Angie
  • Angie Will discuss contracts in more dept shortly. DNR foresters offer limited services
  • Angie Why and how do you select a logger? Pros and Cons.
  • Angie
  • Angie Harvest timing : ground conditions (low, wet soils), pest problems (oak wilt) Scaling techniques : If the wood is to be scaled on the landing: who will scale it, how often… Slash removal : left on the landing for landowner use/firewood, distributed back in the woods… Site damage : repercussions, monetary/fix problems. Identify likely trouble areas and plan for them…. Other concerns and issues : Harvesting during hunting season?...
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  • Harvesting & Selling Timber Oct 2009

    1. 1. Woodland Advisor Workshop Series Angela S. Gupta & Lance Sorensen University of Minnesota Extension & MN DNR Division of Forestry
    2. 2. <ul><li>Timber sale goals </li></ul><ul><li>Inventory and appraisal </li></ul><ul><li>Selecting a logger </li></ul><ul><li>Sale contract </li></ul><ul><li>Sale supervision </li></ul><ul><li>Post-sale management </li></ul>
    3. 3. <ul><li>Possible reasons for a timber sale </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Income generation – Wood Products Markets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increased health and vigor of residual stand </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wildlife habitat improvement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Recreational trails </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aesthetics </li></ul></ul>Photo by esagor
    4. 4. <ul><li>Veneer </li></ul><ul><li>Lumber </li></ul><ul><li>Pallets & ties </li></ul>Photo by Jim Edger Photo by Stebbi postur Photo by Lance Sorensen Photo by LOOMstudio
    5. 5. <ul><li>First, finding a forester: private vs. public agency </li></ul><ul><li>Do a quick “walk through” with a forester </li></ul>Photo by Lance Sorensen Photo by Lance Sorensen
    6. 6. <ul><li>Second step is to have a forester prepare a Stewardship plan </li></ul>Extension Store, $16 http://shop.extension.umn.edu/PublicationDetail.aspx?ID=2019
    7. 7. <ul><li>A Stewardship plan will outline forest management options, including: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Intergenerational land transfer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Timber sale </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wildlife enhancement projects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Timber stand improvement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tree planting </li></ul></ul>
    8. 8. <ul><li>Third step is having a </li></ul><ul><li>forester appraise your timber </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Plot cruise vs. 100% cruise </li></ul></ul>Photos by Lance Sorensen
    9. 9. <ul><li>Marking timber </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mark boundary of sale </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mark both stem and base of tree </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consistent color use </li></ul></ul>
    10. 10. <ul><li>Fourth step is to meet with the forester to discuss the timber sale </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Clarify goals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Volume offered </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scaling options </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Restrictions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Slash disposal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Verify property lines </li></ul></ul>
    11. 11. <ul><li>Lastly, prepare timber sale contract </li></ul><ul><li>Mail timber sale bid invitations to loggers </li></ul><ul><li>Select logger </li></ul>Photo by Lance Sorensen
    12. 12. <ul><ul><li>Price paid – lump sum vrs. scale </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Special need – road or trail building access </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Recommendation by forester or neighbor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cold call </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Advertisement </li></ul></ul>Photo by Lance Sorensen
    13. 13. <ul><li>MLEP (Minnesota Logger Education Program) </li></ul><ul><li>References </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Drive by past jobs </li></ul></ul>Photos by Lance Sorensen
    14. 14. <ul><li>Things to consider </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Winter vs. summer cutting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scaling technique </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Slash disposal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Damage to site </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Avoid timber deed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other concerns </li></ul></ul>Photo by Lance Sorensen Photo by hradcanska
    15. 15. <ul><li>Private professional forester will act as your agent and do sale supervision </li></ul><ul><li>MN DNR Forester cannot act as your agent </li></ul><ul><li>MN DNR – Expert advice when problems arise </li></ul>Photo by esagor
    16. 16. <ul><li>Supervise your timber sale to make sure that </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Roads and trails appropriately placed and sized </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Only marked trees are being harvested </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Logger is staying within sale boundary </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Monitor for rutting and damage to residual trees </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other contract specifications are being honored </li></ul></ul>Photo by Lance Sorensen
    17. 17. <ul><li>Consider re-investing in the property by: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Timber stand improvement-post sale removal of poor quality or damaged trees </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Closing/maintaining roads and trails </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Government cost share programs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Planting trees </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Protecting advanced regeneration from deer </li></ul></ul>Photo by Lance Sorensen Photo by Lance Sorensen Photo by esagor
    18. 18. <ul><ul><li>Plan for next generation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consider Stewardship aspects of management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Refine goals for the woodlot </li></ul></ul>
    19. 19. <ul><li>MN DNR: (800) 657-3929 http://www.dnr.state.mn.us/index.html </li></ul><ul><li>My Minnesota Woods </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.myminnesotawoods.umn.edu/ </li></ul><ul><li>Woodland Advisor Program http://cfc.cfans.umn.edu/wa/ </li></ul><ul><li>Minnesota Association of Consulting Foresters </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.paulbunyan.net/users/norfor/ </li></ul><ul><li>Minnesota Logger Education Program (MLEP) </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.mlep.org/index.htm </li></ul>
    20. 20. <ul><li>Angela Gupta , U of MN Extension </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] , </li></ul><ul><li>(507) 280-2869 </li></ul><ul><li>Lance Sorensen , MN DNR </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] , </li></ul><ul><li>(507) 206-2837 </li></ul>