Contract farming in africa by sotonye anga 2000.ppt [rea
1 CONTRACT FARMING IN AFRICA: critical elements and success factors May 2000 sotonye anga 05/13/2000BYSOTONYE ANGAAGRIBUSINESS EXPERT AND STRATEGISTEMAIL: email@example.com
2 sotonye anga 05/13/2000PREFERRED FARM BUSINESS MODEL• Let us approach contract farming as the preferred and alternative farm business model that delivers solid linkage between FARM AND MARKET.• It is a ‘win win’ for parties to the contract.• Encourages specialization.• Viable for both parties when structured properly.• A platform for team work.
3 sotonye anga 05/13/2000THE PLACE OF FARMING IN AFRICA• Farming is a means of livelihood for over a hundred million people in Africa.• Over 80% of African farmers just farm or grow crops without guaranteed market.• Whenever there is an upset in the commodity market there means of livelihood becomes threatened.
4 sotonye anga 05/13/2000WHAT IS CONTRACT FARMING• Contract farming is an agribusiness system that is focussed on the production and marketing of agricultural commodities based on forward contracts between farmers(producers) and Buyer.
5 sotonye anga 05/13/2000ESSENCE OF CONTRACT FARMING• Contract farming is meant to promote firm commitment between parties to the contract (farmers and buyers).• That the farmer will grow or produce agricultural commodity of a specific type, quality, quantity, price and at a time such as is required by the buyer.
6 sotonye anga 05/13/2000CONTRACT FARMING AND PRE-ARRANGEMENTSIn contract farming to a great extent every aspect of the business is PRE-AGREED.PRE-AGREED PRICE.PRE-AGREED QUALITY.PRE-AGREED QUANTITY (as in what makes for minimum or maximum).PRE-AGREED TIME.
7 sotonye anga 05/13/2000DEFINING ROLES (FARMER)• Provides land ( not in all cases).• manpower (farm hands).• Knowledge and expertise in farming.• Security for farm.• Follows good agricultural practice (GAP).
8 sotonye anga 05/13/2000DEFINING ROLES (BUYER)Successful farming requires high quality input.• Provides Seed.• Provides Agro chemicals.• Provides Technical assistance/advice(through experts).• Financial support/soft loans(optional but can be arranged through banks).• Buys the commodity at harvest.
9 sotonye anga 05/13/2000BENEFITS OF CONTRACT FARMING(FARMER)• Guaranteed a fixed income as agreed.• Farmer can concentrate on his area of core competence.• Farmer need not bother about marketing(commodity sold in advance).• Enjoys safeguard from price fluctuations.• Can plan and make profit.
10 sotonye anga 05/13/2000BENEFITS OF CONTRACT FARMING(BUYER)• Timely supply of raw materials.• Control over seed origin.• Uniformity of commodity.• Can effectively plan operations and logistics.• Can plan and make profit.
11 sotonye anga 05/13/2000CONTRACT FARMING OPPORTUNITIESIT CAN WORK FOR:• ROOT CROPS: ginger, cassava, potato, turmeric, yam etc.• GRAINS: sorghum, maize, rice, beans etc.• FRUITS & VEGETABLES: tomato, peppe, onion, garlic, banana, sugarcane etc.• TREE CROPS: cashew, cocoa, shea, rubber, oil palm. Etc.• The list goes on and on.
12 sotonye anga 05/13/2000THE BEAUTY OF CONTRACT FARMING• Lies in the fact that it encourages demand- driven farm production.• African farmers need guaranteed markets for there farm produce.
13 sotonye anga 05/13/2000THANK YOU FOR LISTENING!!!