Fuel Types modelling                                                      for INSPIRE                                   Fo...
IntroductionDescription of the steps to be applied to any FuelType Classification Map in order to make itINSPIRE compliant...
INSPIRE for FCMA preliminary fit-for-purpose analysis has beenconducted in order to identify the mostapplicable INSPIRE da...
INSPIRE Land Cover                                         Data Specification• Directive (2007/2/EC) defines Land Cover (L...
INSPIRE Land Cover (LC)                           Data Specification (DS)• The data specification for land cover is separa...
INSPIRE Land Cover                                        Data Specification            Land cover conceptual core model  ...
INSPIRE Land Cover                                          Data SpecificationThe selection of the application schema to b...
LandCoverCoreRaster                                         application schemaLandCoverGridCoveragedefines how a gridcover...
LandCoverCoreRaster                                 application schema                                                    ...
LandCoverCoreRaster                                application schema                                              For the...
LandCoverCoreRaster                                application schema                                              The att...
LandCoverCoreRaster                                  application schema                                                   ...
FCM data modelling                                             Group  Group                                               ...
FCM Metadata profileA FCM metadata profile will becreated and will comprise two groupsof metadata elements, as required in...
Thank youon behalfGiacomo Martirano                    15
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05.forest fires 2012_epsilon

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05.forest fires 2012_epsilon

  1. 1. Fuel Types modelling for INSPIRE Forest Fires 2012 Conference Session ArcFUEL: Advancing Forest Fuel Mapping Techniques in Europe Giacomo Martirano Epsilon Italia srl | Mendicino CS, IT T: +390984631949 | g.martirano@epsilon-italia.it3rd International Conference on Modelling, Monitoring and Management of Forest Fires 122 – 24 May, 2012, New Forest, UK
  2. 2. IntroductionDescription of the steps to be applied to any FuelType Classification Map in order to make itINSPIRE compliant.Application to the Fuel Classification Map (FCM)datasets generated within the ArcFUEL project. 2 Giacomo Martirano; EPSILON Italia; T:+39 0984 631949; g.martirano@epsilon-italia.it
  3. 3. INSPIRE for FCMA preliminary fit-for-purpose analysis has beenconducted in order to identify the mostapplicable INSPIRE data theme within theArcFUEL context.Among the 34 INSPIRE data themes, thefollowing three have been identified as candidateand the relevant Data Specification (DS)analyzed: (ι) Natural Risk Zones, (ιι) Land Coverand (ιιι) Land Use.The Land Cover (LC) data theme has beenselected as the most applicable and the relevantDS has been deeply analyzed. 3 Giacomo Martirano; EPSILON Italia; T:+39 0984 631949; g.martirano@epsilon-italia.it
  4. 4. INSPIRE Land Cover Data Specification• Directive (2007/2/EC) defines Land Cover (LC) as the Physical and biological cover of the earths surface including artificial surfaces, agricultural areas, forests, (semi-)natural areas, wetlands, water bodies.• The LC data specification does not prescribe or recommend any particular land cover nomenclature for use in INSPIRE.• There is a multitude of different ways to describe land cover.• There is only one "real world" but many different descriptions of this world depending on the aims, methodology and terminology of the observer.• The approach taken by LC DS is instead to allow many different land cover nomenclatures to coexist in the context of INSPIRE. 4 Giacomo Martirano; EPSILON Italia; T:+39 0984 631949; g.martirano@epsilon-italia.it
  5. 5. INSPIRE Land Cover (LC) Data Specification (DS)• The data specification for land cover is separated into (i) two core models and (ii) an extended model. The two core models are conceptually similar, but for technical reasons separated into one core model for vector data and one core model for raster data.• The LC DS defines the following application schemas: LandCover CoreVector application schema; LandCover CoreRaster application schema; LandCover Extended application schema.• LC data shall be modelled trough one of the two core applications schemas: LandCover CoreVector defines a vector representation (i.e. points or surfaces) to support Land Cover data. LandCover CoreRaster defines a raster representation to support Land Cover data. 5 Giacomo Martirano; EPSILON Italia; T:+39 0984 631949; g.martirano@epsilon-italia.it
  6. 6. INSPIRE Land Cover Data Specification Land cover conceptual core model 6Giacomo Martirano; EPSILON Italia; T:+39 0984 631949; g.martirano@epsilon-italia.it
  7. 7. INSPIRE Land Cover Data SpecificationThe selection of the application schema to be applied within theArcFUEL context was made taking into consideration the end-userrequirements of the final ArcFUEL output (i.e. the FCM - FuelClassification Map).This requirements consists in using the final ArcFUEL output asinput for Fire Simulators processes, for this reason the CoreRasterapplication schema has been selected. The LandCoverCoreRaster application schema defines how Land Cover data can be supported by a raster representation. 7 Giacomo Martirano; EPSILON Italia; T:+39 0984 631949; g.martirano@epsilon-italia.it
  8. 8. LandCoverCoreRaster application schemaLandCoverGridCoveragedefines how a gridcoverage can supportLand Cover information. LandCoverNomenclature defines the references to understand and interpret the classification values. 8 Giacomo Martirano; EPSILON Italia; T:+39 0984 631949; g.martirano@epsilon-italia.it
  9. 9. LandCoverCoreRaster application schema Name of the Land Cover coverage. External object identifier of the spatial object. The extent of the dataset, in space, time or space-time. Information about the nomenclature used in the coverage. All the elements of the selected application schema will be structured into a database, forLandCoverGridCoverage further creation of the INSPIRE compliant gml using a proper transformation tool. 9 Giacomo Martirano; EPSILON Italia; T:+39 0984 631949; g.martirano@epsilon-italia.it
  10. 10. LandCoverCoreRaster application schema For the encoding of the FCM values the use of the external file option has been investigated, as also recommended by the Recommendation 4 of Section 9.2.1.2 of the DS_v2.9.2. In order to physically implement this option have been followed the indications contained in point 4 of the Annex C of “D2.7: Guidelines for the encoding of spatial data, Version 3.2”. The attribute rangeSet will beLandCoverGridCoverage encoded as xlink to the external file. 10 Giacomo Martirano; EPSILON Italia; T:+39 0984 631949; g.martirano@epsilon-italia.it
  11. 11. LandCoverCoreRaster application schema The attribute used for documenting the FCM nomenclature has a complex dataType, LandCoverNomenclature A LandCoverNomenclature defines what information shall be provided to right undertand and interpret the classifcation codes contained in the dataset.LandCoverGridCoverage 11 Giacomo Martirano; EPSILON Italia; T:+39 0984 631949; g.martirano@epsilon-italia.it
  12. 12. LandCoverCoreRaster application schema External object identifier of the spatial object. This attribute defines which organization (or entity) defines or is responsible for the nomenclature.LandCoverNomenclature This attribute references the code list attached to the nomenclature. This attribute allows to provide an It will be used to document URL pointing to the documentation the 44-classes Fuel Types (specification or other document) classification, through its describing the classification system encoding as an URI. used and the nomenclature used. 12 Giacomo Martirano; EPSILON Italia; T:+39 0984 631949; g.martirano@epsilon-italia.it
  13. 13. FCM data modelling Group  Group  FT No Fuel type name No name 1 Peat bogs  1 GROUND FUELS 2 Wooded peatbogs 3 Pastures  S 4 Sparse grasslands U F 5 Mediterranean grasslands and steppes R U 6 Temperate, Alpine and Northern grasslands 7 Mediterranean moors and heathlands 2 F E 8 Temperate, Alpine and Northern moors and heathlands A L 9 Mediterranean open shrublands (sclerophylous) C S 10 Mediterranean shrublands (sclerophylous) E 11 Deciduous broadleaved shrublands (thermophilous) 12 Alpine open shrublands (conifers) T 13 Shrublands in Mediterranean conifer forests F F R O 14 Shrublands in Mediterranean sclerophylous forests Link 3A U E L A N S I O N A L R E S 15 Shrublands in Mediterranean montane conifer forests 16 Shrublands in thermophilous broadleaved forests 17 Shrublands in beech and mesophytic broadleaved forests S T T   S 18 Northern open shrublands in broadleaved forests   I 19 Shrublands in Alpine and Northern conifer forests P O C 20 Mediterranean long needled conifer forest (mediterranean pines) T O F 21 Mediterranean scale‐needled open woodlands (juniperus, cupressus) E N O 22 Mediterranean montane long needled conifer forest (black and scots pines) N I R C F 23 Mediterranean montane short needled conifer forest (firs, cedar) T E A E S 25 Alpine long needled conifer forest (pines) I R N T 26 Alpine short needled conifer forest (fir, alp. spruce) A O S O U 27 Northern long needled conifer forest (scots pine) L P S 28 Northern short needled conifer forest (spruce) L Y k Y Lin   F 29 Mediterranean evergreen broadleaved forest 3B B L O 30 Thermophilous broadleaved forest I R E R N A 31 Mesophytic broadleaved forest O E V 32 Beech forest V A E S O D D T 33 Montane beech forest    S L   34 White birch boreal forest V I M F 35 Mixed mediterranean evergreen broadleaved with conifers forest I O N T 36 Mixed thermophylous broadleaved with conifers forest X R S 37 Mixed mesophytic broadleaved with conifers forest G E E D S 38 Mixed beech with conifers forest 39 Riparian vegetation 40 Coastal and inland halophytic vegetation and dunes 4 OTHER FUELS 41 Aquatic Marshes 42 Agroforestry areas 5 PLANTATIONS 24 Central conifer forests (conifer plantations of central Europe) 13Giacomo Martirano; EPSILON Italia; T:+39 0984 631949; g.martirano@epsilon-italia.it
  14. 14. FCM Metadata profileA FCM metadata profile will becreated and will comprise two groupsof metadata elements, as required inthe section 8 of the LC DS.The common metadata elements, asrequired by Regulation 1205/2008/EC(implementing Directive 2007/2/EC ofthe European Parliament and of theCouncil as regards metadata) for spatialdatasets and spatial dataset series.The theme-specific metadataelements. An FCM xml metadata profile will be created for use within any metadata editor to create the metadata for each FCM dataset. 14 Giacomo Martirano; EPSILON Italia; T:+39 0984 631949; g.martirano@epsilon-italia.it
  15. 15. Thank youon behalfGiacomo Martirano 15

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