How to do research: Environment


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How to do research: Environment

  1. 1. HOW TO DO RESEARCH<br />GET READY, SET, GO<br />
  2. 2. GET READY<br />Choose a topic<br />List keywords, synonyms and concepts<br />Search the library catalog<br />Read background information<br />
  3. 3. Choose a Topic<br />Of interest to you<br />Manageable<br />Specific<br />Brainstorm<br />List keywords, concepts, synonyms<br />Formulate a question or hypothesis<br />
  4. 4. Search the Library Catalog<br />
  5. 5. Search the Library Catalog<br />Find books and media: <br /> new titles, encyclopedias and reference books<br />Read for background information<br />Note sources in bibliographies<br /> Check dates for recency<br /> Check for availability in catalog<br />
  6. 6. Library Catalog Search<br />
  7. 7. Get Set: Construct a Search Strategy<br />How can green construction become a standard for home building and save energy consumption?<br />Concepts/Keywords<br /> green construction sustainable construction energy efficient <br />Related terms<br /> green building green business environmentally friendly alternative energy home building<br />Multiple spellings<br />ecofriendly eco friendly <br />Acronyms<br /> LEED IGCC AIA<br />
  8. 8. Use Advanced Searching Techniques<br />quotations “ “ to search for multiple terms as a complete phrase “green construction” “sustainable development” <br />truncation * to include all variant endings: <br /> environ* (environment, environmentally <br />Parentheses ( )<br /> Sets the order of search. Terms in parentheses are searched <br /> first:<br /> “alternative energy” AND (solar energy or radiant energy)<br /> If more than one set is used the one on the left is searched first<br />
  9. 9. Boolean Operators: AND, OR, NOT<br /> Combine search terms for a narrow result: <br /> “green construction” AND “building standards”<br />Combine synonyms or closely related terms for a wider search: <br /> “green construction” OR “green building”<br />Excludes terms from the search result: <br /> “home building” NOT “commercial building”<br />
  10. 10. Use Research Port<br />
  11. 11. Select Databases<br />
  12. 12. General Databases<br />Academic Search Premier<br />JSTOR<br />Project Muse<br />
  13. 13. Subject Related Databases<br />Business Source Complete<br />Guide to Hospitality Management<br />Environmental Science and Pollution<br />Ecology Abstracts<br />Garden, Landscape and Horticulture Index<br />GreenFile<br />
  14. 14. Academic Search Premier<br />
  15. 15. Academic Search Premier<br />
  16. 16. Academic Search Premier<br />
  17. 17. Academic Search Premier<br />
  18. 18. Environment Sci. & Pollution<br />
  19. 19. Environmental Sci. & Pollution<br />
  20. 20. Environmental Sci. & Pollution<br />
  21. 21. UM find it: Publisher’s Catalog<br />
  22. 22. Science Direct<br />
  23. 23. Science Direct<br />
  24. 24. Searching on the Internet<br />Search in Google but evaluate the site before using the information<br />Information is written by anyone<br />It is not authoritative or peer reviewed by experts in the field<br />It is not organized and is difficult to find. Popular items come up first.<br />Is flexible with search terms and recognizes phrases or natural languagae<br />
  25. 25. Go<br />Read sources, take notes<br />Organize ideas<br />Make an outline<br />Write first draft<br />Document sources (footnotes or endnotes)<br />Write a bibliography<br />Revise first draft<br />Proofread final draft<br />
  26. 26. APA CITATION FORMAT<br />Citing Sources Using the APA Publication Manual<br /><br />APA Style Help<br /><br />How to Write an Annotated Bibliography<br />