Gender and Development


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Gender and Development

  1. 1. GENDER AND DEVELOPMENT Qurat Ul Ain FA13-MDS-009
  2. 2. OUTLINE  What is gender and sex.  What is gender and development .  Women and development  Gender and development  Gender socialization  Gender Stereotyping  Gender and Development thinking
  3. 3. GENDER CONCEPTS  Gender refers to social differences between men and women  Gender refers to the socially determined roles/ ideas and practices of what it is to be female or male  Sex  Sex refers to the biological characteristics that categories someone as either female or male;
  4. 4. “SEX IS A BIOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS GENDER IS A SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS Sex Gender •Categories as male and female •Masculinity and femininity •Biological •Social cultural and historical determined •Fixed at birth •Learned through socialization •Does not change across time and space •Various over time and space •Equally valued •Unequal valued
  5. 5. Gender Sex Not universal (It depend in Social Culture, Religious &Political view, Economic factor etc.) Universal Gender = masculine and feminine Sex = male and female
  6. 6. Gender & Development
  7. 7. TWO APPROACHES 1) Women in Development 2) Gender and Development
  8. 8. WOMEN IN DEVELOPMENT) APPROACH The WID (or Women in Development) approach calls for greater attention to women in development policy and practice, and emphasises the need to integrate them into the development process
  9. 9. GENDER AND DEVELOPMENT  Gender and Development approach focuses on the socially constructed basis of differences between men and women and emphasises the need to challenge existing gender roles and relations.
  10. 10. GENDER SOCIALIZATION  Socialization  It is the process by which social norms, roles and expectations are learned and internalized.  Gender Socialization  It is the process by which norms and expectations in relation to gender are learned by women and men.
  11. 11. GENDER STEREOTYPING  a form of prejudgment, bias or limitation given to roles and expectations of males and females.
  12. 12. GENDER INVOLVES THE DIFFERENTIATIONS  attributed by a given culture to women and men, in the following aspects:  social roles  capacities  traits  characteristics
  13. 13. GENDER STEREOTYPE IN SOCIAL ROLES MEN WOMEN Men  provides financially for takes care of the family house and children  Works as managers,  construction builders, engineers  Portrayed as leaders Women  takes care of the family house and children.  Works as nurse, teacher, secretary  Portrayed as followers
  14. 14. GENDER STEREOTYPE IN CAPACITIES WOMENMEN  MEN  good in Math and Science •  Physically strong •  Firm decision- makers  WOMEN  good in arts and less intellectual pursuits  Wishy-washy or fickle  Physically weaker  minded in decision- making
  15. 15. GENDER STEREOTYPES IN TRAITS AND CHARACTERISTICS MEN WOMEN  Men  active  aloof  Aggressive  Independent  brave  Women  Passive  Loving  Peaceful  Dependent  Fearful
  16. 16. SELECTED CONCEPTS CENTRAL TO GENDER AND DEVELOPMENT THINKING  Culture  Gender Relations  Gender Discrimination  Gender Division of labour  Gender Awareness  Gender Equality and Equity  Women’s Empowerment
  17. 17.  Culture  The patterns of ideas, beliefs, and norms which characterise the way of life and relations of a society or group within a society  Gender Relations  Hierarchical relations of power between women and men that tend to disadvantage women  Gender Discrimination  The systematic, unfavourable treatment of individuals on the basis of their gender,
  18. 18.  Gender Division of labour  Divisions of work based on gender  Productive/economic/"outside“men  Household/reproductive/"inside women  Gender Awareness  The recognition that the life experiences, expectations, and needs of women and men are different, that many times they involve inequity,  Gender Equality and Equity  Gender equality refers to equal access to social goods, services and resources and equal opportunities in all spheres of life for both men and women.
  19. 19.  Gender inequality  Women and men should not only be given equal access to resources and equal opportunities,  Women’s Empowerment  It is the process and outcome of the process , by women challenge gender based discrimination against women/men in all the institution and society
  20. 20. Individual efforts are appreciable, But not sufficient Let’s take them out of the darkness of life
  21. 21.  For well-balanced and sustainable social development, men and women must have equal rights, responsibilities and opportunities.  Women don’t need charity.  Women want Education and Opportunity
  22. 22. REFERENCES   based_division_of_labor , omenwatch,  c_25EED16C-B927-44E7-A8B5- D1C097C6C548_C9E4770D-9C70-49EA-B126- 9123AF4653C7_2.htm