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L3 winner and losers


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Edexcel Geography A Level Globalisation

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L3 winner and losers

  1. 1. Globalisation’s winners and losers (both for people and environment)
  2. 2. Globalisation winners and losers for people • Globalisation can serve to increase or decrease the income inequality within a country. • The Lorenz Curve for a country will show how they have progressed due to globalisation over time.
  3. 3. In the UK, over time …
  4. 4. • In the UK the Gini coefficient has actually increased, suggesting an increase in income inequality. • In 1980 it was 0.27 and in 2010 it was 0.35 • Only in some of the worlds least developed countries has the income inequality gap reduced. Albeit from a very low starting point.
  5. 5. Winners and losers for the environment. • Globalisation has served to export the issue of pollution to many developing, industrialising countries. • As a result countries like India and China with rising wealth (more people owning cars) and high levels of industrial pollution have become choked with smog. • New Delhi has had to introduce a new scheme which allows odd and even number plated cars into the city centre on different days. • Watch this (Our Fairtrade Adventure) Chapter 4 from 3.45, impacts of globalisation on the environment.
  6. 6. Trends in economic development • Read the pdf on showbie – p205, trends in economic development. • How does this relate to the Rana Plaza in Bangladesh?
  7. 7. Now to look at the data:
  8. 8. Practising Skills: • This link has been posted on Showbie: • • Choose one country from the very high human development category and one from medium and one from low. • Plot their HDI scores against time on a line graph. You an do this on Excel or by hand. • Describe the trend in HDI over time for each country • Explain any contrasting trends using the ideas discussed.