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L2. ap time space compression

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Edexcel Geography A Level Globalisation

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L2. ap time space compression

  1. 1. Growth of globalisation 1.Transport and trade in the nineteenth and twentieth century 2.ICT and mobile communication use in twenty first century.
  2. 2. 1. Transport and trade in the nineteenth and twentieth century
  3. 3. How are trade and transport linked? Trade Transport
  4. 4. How are trade and transport linked? Trade Transport Turn to p163
  5. 5. Why do companies employ people in India or China and not the UK? • Outsourcing has become very popular due to the fact that production sites are cheaper and that labour is cheaper. • The quality of labour in counties like India is still very high. • This is called ‘the spatial division of labour’ (when a company takes advantage of cheaper labour elsewhere in the world). It can only happen as a result of transport improvements.
  6. 6. What are some of the major improvements in transport? (p164) 1. Steam 2. Railways 3. Jet Aircraft E.g. The AirBus A380 can carry 487 passengers. Watch here from 2.00 mins 4. Container Ships Intermodal containers being moved without the cargo being emptied.
  7. 7. What has caused the world to shrink?
  8. 8. Heightened connectivity has changed the world – the ‘shrinking world’ effect.
  9. 9. Shrinking World • As travel time falls due to new inventions and communication networks improve, it makes people feel closer together. • This perceptual change is called the shrinking world or time-space compression.
  10. 10. 2. ICT and mobile communication use in twenty first century. (p165) • Technology has helped to make the world feel much smaller than it is. These include; 1. Telephone and the telegraph 2. Broadband and fibre optics 3. GIS and GPS 4. The Internet 5. Electronic Banking At the push of a few buttons people can move money around the world. Companies with apps like PayPal allow money to be transferred around the world quickly and easily. M-Pesa here

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