Is Genetic Selection a Good Idea?

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Presentation at the Hastings Center 2006

Published in: Technology, Education
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Is Genetic Selection a Good Idea?

  1. 1. there would be no decision , in the strong sense of the word, in ethics, in politics, no decision, and thus no responsibility, without the experience of some undecidability . If you don't experience some undecidability, then the decision would simply be the application of a programme, the consequence of a premiss or of a matrix. So a decision has to go through some impossibility in order for it to be a decision. If we knew what to do, if i knew in terms of knowledge what I have to do before the decision, then the decision would not be a decision. It would simply be the application of a rule, the consequence of a premiss, and there would be no problem, there would be no decision. ethics and politics, therefore, start with undecidability" (Derrida, 1999).
  2. 2. Genetic Selection for Sport a good idea? Is (andy miah, the hastings center, 7 December, 2006)
  3. 3. anything Is a good idea?
  4. 4. playing the lottery Is a good idea?
  5. 5. riding a motorcycle Is a good idea?
  6. 6. Is a good idea? What
  7. 7. Is a good idea ? life What
  8. 8. a good idea ? What life should we value (in sport) to have
  9. 9. genetic selection Genetic tests a good idea ? What life should we value (in sport) to have
  10. 10. ideas / Miah & Rich (2006) Genetic Tests for Ability, Sport, Education & Society UK Sport meeting, co-chaired with Julian Savulescu British Association of Sport and Exercise Sciences working group University of Glasgow MPhil in Medical Law dissertation (Professor Sheila McLean) should we value (in sport) to have a good life ? genetic selection
  11. 11. Positive function / Constitutive of sport’s technological character. Genetics in Society - if only there were a genetic supermarket!. Enhance risk management in sport. Channel resources into most likely winners. Enhance autonomy in self-selecting sport. More genetic data, greater anti-doping potential. should we value (in sport) to have a good life ? genetic selection
  12. 12. athletes parents coaches authorities sponsors Elite Amateur Ambivalent Mediocre Non-athlete should we value (in sport) to have a good life ? genetic selection
  13. 13. Objections to selection / The Incomplete Knowledge Objection. The Competitive Logic Objection. The Specific Child Objection The Prejudice Objection. The Diminishing Openness Objection. should we value (in sport) to have a good life ? genetic selection
  14. 14. Beyond ethics / Locating the burden of proof. The Accumulation of Biocultural Capital. should we value (in sport) to have a good life ? genetic selection
  15. 15. Beyond ethics / Locating the burden of proof. The Accumulation of Biocultural Capital. Interfere with basic liberties of others? Involve harm or risk of harm? Broader social costs? should we value (in sport) to have a good life ? genetic selection
  16. 16. Beyond ethics / Locating the burden of proof. The Accumulation of Biocultural Capital. should we value (in sport) to have a good life ? genetic selection
  17. 17. The term 'cultural capital' refers to the knowledge of and skills in the discursive realm relating to society, the arts, leisure, sport, science, politics and all the other elements recognised as 'culture' in society at large.'….'[Bourdieu's] interest is in how society evaluates this cultural capital through visible and tacit systems of reward and punishment. [Bourdieu] displays a clear interest in the unfinishedness of the body, and maintains a more comprehensive view of the materiality of human embodiment than those theorists who focus exclusively on language, consciousness, or even the body as flesh. Bourdieu recognises that acts of labour are required to turn bodies into social entities and that these acts influence how people develop and hold the physical shape of their bodies, and learn how to present their bodies through styles of walk, talk and dress. Far from being natural, these represent highly skilled and socially differentiated accomplishments which start to be learned early in childhood. As it develops, the body bears the indisputable imprint of the individual's social class (Bourdieu, 1984).
  18. 18. The term ' cultural capital ' refers to the knowledge of and skills in the discursive realm relating to society, the arts, leisure, sport, science, politics and all the other elements recognised as 'culture' in society at large.'….'[Bourdieu's] interest is in how society evaluates this cultural capital through visible and tacit systems of reward and punishment. [Bourdieu] displays a clear interest in the unfinishedness of the body, and maintains a more comprehensive view of the materiality of human embodiment than those theorists who focus exclusively on language, consciousness, or even the body as flesh. Bourdieu recognises that acts of labour are required to turn bodies into social entities and that these acts influence how people develop and hold the physical shape of their bodies, and learn how to present their bodies through styles of walk, talk and dress. Far from being natural, these represent highly skilled and socially differentiated accomplishments which start to be learned early in childhood. As it develops, the body bears the indisputable imprint of the individual's social class (Bourdieu, 1984). bio
  19. 19. Conclusion / Yes, to positive value. No, to requirement to test; though unlikely that can avoid this. Yes, to it informing critical thought about ones future and the role of genetics. No, to it determining choices. should we value (in sport) to have a good life ? genetic selection
  20. 21. HGC, Inside Information / Sensitive vs. non-sensitive Private vs. observable Low vs. high informational impact. Recessive vs dominant Unifactorial vs multifactorial Diagnostic vs predictive Screening (population) vs Testing/Diagnosis (individual)

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