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Fluoridation vs Public Health in Washington


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Fluoridation vs Public Health in Washington

  2. 2. Sodium Fluoride Study Harvard School for Public Health  The average loss in IQ was reported as a standardized weighted mean difference of 0.45, which would be approximately equivalent to 7 IQ points for commonly used IQ scores with a standard deviation of 15.  Thus, children in high-fluoride areas had significantly lower IQ scores than those who lived in low-fluoride areas.  Fluoride seems to fit in with lead, mercury, and other poisons that cause chemical brain drain,” Grandjean says. “The effect of each toxicant may seem small, but the combined damage on a population scale can be serious, especially because the brain power of the next generation is crucial to all of us.”  “In conclusion, our results support the possibility of adverse effects of fluoride exposures on children’s neurodevelopment.”
  3. 3. Anatomical Changes in the Brain Fluoride in Drinking Water: National Research Council  “Studies of rats exposed to NaF or AlF3 have reported distortion in cells in the outer and inner layers of the neocortex. Neuronal deformations were also found in the hippocampus and to a smaller extent in the amygdala and the cerebellum.”  “On the basis of information largely derived from histological, chemical, and molecular studies, it is apparent that fluorides have the ability to interfere with the functions of the brain and the body by direct and indirect means.”  Neocortex: Sensory perception, generation of motor commands, spatial reasoning, conscious thought, and in humans, language.  Hippocampus: Memory forming, organizing and storing. Forming new memories & connecting emotions and senses (smell/sound to memories).
  4. 4. Fluoride Follies // Donald W. Miller, MD. Cardiac Surgeon & Professor of Surgery at UW  “Fluoride inhibits the enzyme acetylcholinesterase in the brain, which is involved in transmitting signals along nerve cells.”  “Fluoride also damages the brain, both directly and indirectly. Rats given fluoridated water at a dose of 4 ppm develop symptoms resembling attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder. High concentrations of fluoride accumulate in the pineal gland.”  “As with other calcifying tissues, the pineal gland can accumulate fluoride (Luke 1997, 2001). Fluoride has been shown to be present in the pineal glands of older people (14-875 mg of fluoride per kg of gland in persons aged 72-100 years), with the fluoride concentrations being positively related to the calcium concentrations in the pineal gland, but not to the bone fluoride.” – 2006 National Academy of Sciences
  5. 5. Dr. Dean Burk & The Delaney Amendment   Dean Burk (March 21, 1904 – October 6, 1988) was an American biochemist and medical/cancer researcher at the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute and the National Cancer Institute. Co-founder of NCI.  The Delaney clause, named after Congressman James Delaney of New York and tacked onto the Federal Food, Drugs, and Cosmetic Act in 1958, said, “the Secretary [of the Food and Drug Administration] shall not approve for use in food any chemical additive found to induce cancer in man, or, after tests, found to induce cancer in animals.”  Critics argued that the "zero–risk" standard would also discourage the development of safer pesticides, since even the safer ones would not be allowed under Delaney. Congress repeatedly amended the Delaney Clause to allow for more and more exceptions, and in 1996 it was ultimately repealed.
  6. 6. Legal Cases Against Fluoride Paul Aitkenhead v. Borough of West View, No. GD-4585-78.  Judge John P. Flaherty, now a Supreme Court Judge, presided over the trial in the case of Paul Aitkenhead v. Borough of West View, No. GD- 4585-78. The city was sued over fluoridation.  “Over the course of five months, the court held periodic hearings, which consisted of extensive expert testimony from as far away as England. At issue was the most recent time-trend study of Dr. Burk and Dr. Yiamouyiannis, which compared cancer mortality in ten cities which fluoridated their water systems with ten cities which did not fluoridate over a period of twenty-eight years from 1940 to 1968. The study concluded that there was a significant increase in cancer mortality in the fluoridated cities.”  In 1988, Justice Flaherty re-affirmed his convictions that fluoridation is a very dangerous practice. In a letter dated January 26, 1988 to Ms. Evelyn Hannan:  "It has been years now since the case involving fluoridation was before me as a trial judge, but since that time nothing I have seen changes my view of the serious hazards occasioned by public fluoridation. To the contrary, what I have read convinces me all the more that indepth, serious, scientific effort should be undertaken before further expanding a questionable practice. Those who belittle critics of fluoridation do the public a mis-service.”
  7. 7. Legal Cases Against Fluoride Safe Water Foundation v. City of Houston, case No. 80-52271.  Judge Anthony Farris presided over the trial in the case of Safe Water Foundation v. City of Houston, District Court of Texas, 151st Judicial District, No. 80-52271. On May 24, 1982, Judge Farris entered his findings of fact on the record of the case.  "That the artificial fluoridation of public water supplies, such as is contemplated by [Houston] City Ordinance No. 80-2530, may cause or may contribute to the cause of cancer, genetic damage, intolerant reactions, and chronic toxicity, including dental mottling, in man; that the said artificial fluoridation may aggravate malnutrition and existing illnesses in man; and that the value of said artificial fluoridation is in doubt as to the reduction of tooth decay in man."
  8. 8. Polluting Water Supply RCW 70.54.010  Every person who shall deposit or suffer to be deposited in any spring, well, stream, river or lake, the water of which is or may be used for drinking purposes, or on any property owned, leased or otherwise controlled by any municipal corporation, corporation or person as a watershed or drainage basin for a public or private water system, any matter or thing whatever, dangerous or deleterious to health, or any matter or thing which may or could pollute the waters of such spring, well, stream, river, lake or water system, shall be guilty of a gross misdemeanor. [1909 c 249 § 290; RRS § 2542.]
  9. 9. Fluoride advocates often claim that the reduction in tooth decay that has occurred since the 1950s is the result of the widespread introduction of fluoridated water. In 1999, for example, the Centers for Disease Control stated that “as a result [of water fluoridation], dental caries declined precipitously during the second half of the 20th century.” As support for this assertion, the CDC published the following figure:
  10. 10. Bibliography  "" Legal Cases Establishing Dangers of Fluoride. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 May 2014. A biased source that is critical of fluoridation. All sources are cited and evidence is rooted in legal cases.  “7 Neurotoxicity and Neurobehavioral Effects ." Fluoride in Drinking Water: A Scientific Review of EPA's Standards . Washington, DC: The National Academies Press, 2006. A professionally published textbook that explores the effects of fluoride.  Miller, Donald W. "Fluoride Follies." Fluoride Follies by Donald W. Miller, Jr., MD. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 May 2014. A summary of a study by a professor at UW that explores the effects of fluoride.  "Harvard Study: Fluoride Lowers Children's Intelligence By 7 IQ Points."Infowars. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 May 2014. A Harvard study that explores the effects of fluoride in relation to IQ.  "Fluoride Action Network." Fluoride Action Network. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 May 2014. A source that compiled WHO information comparing the tooth decay rates of fluoridated vs. non-fluoridated cities.