FLUORIDATION, PUBLIC HEALTH, AND THE WASHINGTON CONSTITUTION
Sodium Fluoride Study
Harvard School for Public Health
The average loss in IQ was reported as a standardized weighted
mean difference of 0.45, which would be approximately equivalent
to 7 IQ points for commonly used IQ scores with a standard
deviation of 15.
Thus, children in high-fluoride areas had significantly lower IQ scores
than those who lived in low-fluoride areas.
Fluoride seems to fit in with lead, mercury, and other poisons that
cause chemical brain drain,” Grandjean says. “The effect of each
toxicant may seem small, but the combined damage on a
population scale can be serious, especially because the brain
power of the next generation is crucial to all of us.”
“In conclusion, our results support the possibility of adverse effects of
fluoride exposures on children’s neurodevelopment.”
Anatomical Changes in the Brain
Fluoride in Drinking Water: National Research Council
“Studies of rats exposed to NaF or AlF3 have reported distortion in
cells in the outer and inner layers of the neocortex. Neuronal
deformations were also found in the hippocampus and to a smaller
extent in the amygdala and the cerebellum.”
“On the basis of information largely derived from histological,
chemical, and molecular studies, it is apparent that fluorides have
the ability to interfere with the functions of the brain and the body by
direct and indirect means.”
Neocortex: Sensory perception, generation of motor commands, spatial
reasoning, conscious thought, and in humans, language.
Hippocampus: Memory forming, organizing and storing. Forming new
memories & connecting emotions and senses (smell/sound to memories).
Fluoride Follies // Donald W. Miller, MD.
Cardiac Surgeon & Professor of Surgery at UW
“Fluoride inhibits the enzyme acetylcholinesterase in the brain,
which is involved in transmitting signals along nerve cells.”
“Fluoride also damages the brain, both directly and indirectly. Rats
given fluoridated water at a dose of 4 ppm develop symptoms
resembling attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder. High
concentrations of fluoride accumulate in the pineal gland.”
“As with other calcifying tissues, the pineal gland can accumulate
fluoride (Luke 1997, 2001). Fluoride has been shown to be present in the
pineal glands of older people (14-875 mg of fluoride per kg of gland in
persons aged 72-100 years), with the fluoride concentrations being
positively related to the calcium concentrations in the pineal gland, but
not to the bone fluoride.” – 2006 National Academy of Sciences
Dr. Dean Burk
& The Delaney Amendment
Dean Burk (March 21, 1904 – October 6, 1988) was an American
biochemist and medical/cancer researcher at the Kaiser Wilhelm
Institute and the National Cancer Institute. Co-founder of NCI.
The Delaney clause, named after Congressman James Delaney of
New York and tacked onto the Federal Food, Drugs, and Cosmetic
Act in 1958, said, “the Secretary [of the Food and Drug
Administration] shall not approve for use in food any chemical
additive found to induce cancer in man, or, after tests, found to
induce cancer in animals.”
Critics argued that the "zero–risk" standard would also discourage the
development of safer pesticides, since even the safer ones would not
be allowed under Delaney. Congress repeatedly amended the
Delaney Clause to allow for more and more exceptions, and in 1996 it
was ultimately repealed.
Legal Cases Against Fluoride
Paul Aitkenhead v. Borough of West View, No. GD-4585-78.
Judge John P. Flaherty, now a Supreme Court Judge, presided over the
trial in the case of Paul Aitkenhead v. Borough of West View, No. GD-
4585-78. The city was sued over fluoridation.
“Over the course of five months, the court held periodic hearings, which consisted of
extensive expert testimony from as far away as England. At issue was the most recent
time-trend study of Dr. Burk and Dr. Yiamouyiannis, which compared cancer mortality
in ten cities which fluoridated their water systems with ten cities which did not
fluoridate over a period of twenty-eight years from 1940 to 1968. The study concluded
that there was a significant increase in cancer mortality in the fluoridated cities.”
In 1988, Justice Flaherty re-affirmed his convictions that fluoridation is a
very dangerous practice. In a letter dated January 26, 1988 to Ms.
"It has been years now since the case involving fluoridation was before me as a trial
judge, but since that time nothing I have seen changes my view of the serious hazards
occasioned by public fluoridation. To the contrary, what I have read convinces me all
the more that indepth, serious, scientific effort should be undertaken before further
expanding a questionable practice. Those who belittle critics of fluoridation do the
public a mis-service.”
Legal Cases Against Fluoride
Safe Water Foundation v. City of Houston, case No. 80-52271.
Judge Anthony Farris presided over the trial in the case of Safe
Water Foundation v. City of Houston, District Court of Texas, 151st
Judicial District, No. 80-52271. On May 24, 1982, Judge Farris entered
his findings of fact on the record of the case.
"That the artificial fluoridation of public water supplies, such as is
contemplated by [Houston] City Ordinance No. 80-2530, may cause or
may contribute to the cause of cancer, genetic damage, intolerant
reactions, and chronic toxicity, including dental mottling, in man; that
the said artificial fluoridation may aggravate malnutrition and existing
illnesses in man; and that the value of said artificial fluoridation is in
doubt as to the reduction of tooth decay in man."
Polluting Water Supply
Every person who shall deposit or suffer to be deposited in any
spring, well, stream, river or lake, the water of which is or may be
used for drinking purposes, or on any property owned, leased or
otherwise controlled by any municipal corporation, corporation or
person as a watershed or drainage basin for a public or private
water system, any matter or thing whatever, dangerous or
deleterious to health, or any matter or thing which may or could
pollute the waters of such spring, well, stream, river, lake or water
system, shall be guilty of a gross misdemeanor. [1909 c 249 § 290;
RRS § 2542.]
often claim that the
reduction in tooth
decay that has
occurred since the
1950s is the result of
fluoridated water. In
1999, for example,
the Centers for
stated that “as a
result [of water
the second half of
the 20th century.” As
support for this
CDC published the
"NoFluoride.com." Legal Cases Establishing Dangers of Fluoride. N.p.,
n.d. Web. 23 May 2014. A biased source that is critical of fluoridation. All
sources are cited and evidence is rooted in legal cases.
“7 Neurotoxicity and Neurobehavioral Effects ." Fluoride in Drinking
Water: A Scientific Review of EPA's Standards . Washington, DC: The
National Academies Press, 2006. A professionally published textbook
that explores the effects of fluoride.
Miller, Donald W. "Fluoride Follies." Fluoride Follies by Donald W. Miller, Jr.,
MD. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 May 2014. A summary of a study by a professor
at UW that explores the effects of fluoride.
"Harvard Study: Fluoride Lowers Children's Intelligence By 7 IQ
Points."Infowars. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 May 2014. A Harvard study that
explores the effects of fluoride in relation to IQ.
"Fluoride Action Network." Fluoride Action Network. N.p., n.d. Web. 23
May 2014. A source that compiled WHO information comparing the
tooth decay rates of fluoridated vs. non-fluoridated cities.