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FFiigguurraattiivvee LLaanngguuaaggee iiss lliikkee aa 
ppiiccttuurree mmaaddee oouutt ooff wwoorrddss…… 
SSPPII 00770011....
FFiigguurraattiivvee LLaanngguuaaggee 
• FFiigguurraattiivvee LLaanngguuaaggee iiss aannyy ttyyppee ooff wwrriittiinngg 
t...
SSiimmiillee 
AA ccoommppaarriissoonn ooff 22 tthhiinnggss 
uussiinngg ““lliikkee”” oorr ““aass””
• RREEMMEEMMBBEERR:: UUssee aa SSIIMMIILLEE ttoo sshhooww tthhaatt 
ssoommeetthhiinngg iiss SSIIMMIILLAARR.. 
• TTOO DDOO:...
MMeettaapphhoorr 
• aa ccoommppaarriissoonn ooff 22 tthhiinnggss 
wwhheerree yyoouu ssaayy oonnee tthhiinngg 
aaccttuuaall...
Metaphors… tthhee llaanngguuaaggee ooff lloovvee  
PPeeooppllee wwhhoo aarree iinn LLoovvee oofftteenn uussee mmeettaapph...
LLoovvee PPooeemm CCrreeaattoorr 
MMyy LLoovvee 
YYoouurr sskkiinn gglloowwss lliikkee tthhee SSttrraawwbbeerrrryy,, bbllo...
RReessppoonnddiinngg ttoo PPooeettrryy 
• CCooppyy tthhee ffoolllloowwiinngg ppooeemm iinnttoo yyoouurr PPooeettrryy 
PPoo...
• FFiinndd aann eexxaammppllee ooff aa 
mmeettaapphhoorr iinn tthhee ppooeemm ““TThhee 
FFoogg..”” 
• TThhee ffoogg IISS a...
• IInn yyoouurr ppooeettrryy ppoorrttffoolliioo,, aannsswweerr oonnee oorr 
mmoorree ooff tthhee ffoolllloowwiinngg qquuee...
Hyperboles
What Is a 
Hyperbole 
?
The use of 
exaggeration or 
overstatement to 
make an emphatic 
point.
People make them to 
sound impressive or to 
emphasize something’s 
characteristics
People often 
use expressions 
such as: 
"I nearly died laughing,"
• I was hopping 
mad! 
She isn’t 
hopping.
I tried a 
thousand times!
My sister 
uses so 
much 
makeup 
that.. 
when she takes it off we don’t 
recognize her!
Now 
--You try some 
on your own!
My 
teacher is 
so old...
My dog 
is so 
ugly...
The town 
where I 
grew up 
is so 
isolated...
My 
aunt is 
so 
skinny. 
..
The mosquitoes 
here are so big...
Often, hyperboles are 
confused with similes 
and metaphors… 
The difference is that a 
hyperbole is an 
exaggeration, not...
For example: His feet 
were as big as a barge. 
It looks like a simile… 
BUT
It is comparing foot 
size to the size of a 
barge. Everyone 
knows that a barge is 
approximately 700 feet 
long. Imagine...
•So, a hyperbole is 
like a simile on 
steroids.
• Now, for the part I’m not 
going to teach you… 
• Yo’ Momma jokes, You’re so 
poor jokes, You’re so stupid 
jokes, Dumb ...
• Yo mama so hairy Bigfoot is taking her 
picture! 
• Yo mama so stupid when your dad said it 
was chilly outside, she ran...
Hyperbole is 
supposed to 
evoke a ridiculous 
picture in your 
mind…..
...and in the 
process, make the 
point effectively.
Personification
Personification is giving human 
qualities, feelings, action, or 
characteristics to something not 
human.
Example: 
The window winked at 
me.
What do you need? 
 To have personification you usually need… 
 A non-person noun 
 An action a person would do
On your own paper, write 
the object being 
personified and the 
meaning of the 
personification.
1. The wind sang 
her mournful song 
through the falling 
leaves.
2. The microwave 
timer told me it was 
time to turn my TV 
dinner.
3. The video camera 
observed the whole 
scene.
4. The strawberries 
seemed to sing, 
"Eat me first!"
5. The rain kissed 
my cheeks as it fell.
6. The daffodils 
nodded their yellow 
heads at the 
walkers.
7. The water 
beckoned invitingly 
to the hot 
swimmers.
8. The snow 
whispered as it fell 
to the ground 
during the early 
morning hours.
9. The china danced 
on the shelves 
during the 
earthquake.
10. The car engine 
coughed and 
sputtered when it 
started during the 
blizzard.
Draw an example of 
personification… you 
may use one of the 
examples from earlier or 
make up your own
Pun 
 A pun is when a word has two possible 
meanings 
 Puns are usually funny 
 You will find them most commonly in fu...
Punny T Shirts
Punny T Shirts
Punny T Shirts
Punny T Shirts
Punny T Shirts
Punny T Shirts
Make Your Own Pun T Shirt… 
 Draw a T Shirt on your paper and fill it in with 
a clever, punny saying and/or picture 
 F...
Spi 0701 8-10 figurative language
Spi 0701 8-10 figurative language
Spi 0701 8-10 figurative language
Spi 0701 8-10 figurative language
Spi 0701 8-10 figurative language
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Spi 0701 8-10 figurative language

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Spi 0701 8-10 figurative language

  1. 1. FFiigguurraattiivvee LLaanngguuaaggee iiss lliikkee aa ppiiccttuurree mmaaddee oouutt ooff wwoorrddss…… SSPPII 00770011..88..1100 IIddeennttiiffyy aanndd aannaallyyzzee ffiigguurraattiivvee llaanngguuaaggee wwiitthhiinn ccoonntteexxtt..
  2. 2. FFiigguurraattiivvee LLaanngguuaaggee • FFiigguurraattiivvee LLaanngguuaaggee iiss aannyy ttyyppee ooff wwrriittiinngg tthhaatt ttrriieess ttoo iimmaaggiinnaattiivveellyy ccrreeaattee aa mmeennttaall ppiiccttuurree ooff wwhhaatt tthhee wwrriitteerr iiss ttrryyiinngg ttoo ddeessccrriibbee.. • FFiigguurraattiivvee LLaanngguuaaggee iinncclluuddeess ssiimmiilleess,, mmeettaapphhoorrss,, hhyyppeerrbboolleess,, ppeerrssoonniiffiiccaattiioonn,, ppuunnss
  3. 3. SSiimmiillee AA ccoommppaarriissoonn ooff 22 tthhiinnggss uussiinngg ““lliikkee”” oorr ““aass””
  4. 4. • RREEMMEEMMBBEERR:: UUssee aa SSIIMMIILLEE ttoo sshhooww tthhaatt ssoommeetthhiinngg iiss SSIIMMIILLAARR.. • TTOO DDOO:: FFiillll iinn tthhee ffoolllloowwiinngg ssiimmiilleess:: – HHeerr hhaaiirr iiss aass wwhhiittee aass ________________________________.. – HHiiss bbiicceeppss aarree aass hhaarrdd aass ____________________________.. – TThhee mmoooonnss sshhiinneess bbrriigghhtt lliikkee ______________________..
  5. 5. MMeettaapphhoorr • aa ccoommppaarriissoonn ooff 22 tthhiinnggss wwhheerree yyoouu ssaayy oonnee tthhiinngg aaccttuuaallllyy IISS ssoommeetthhiinngg eellssee.. • TThhiiss iiss ssiimmiillaarr ttoo aa __________________,, bbuutt iitt ddooeessnn’’tt uussee lliikkee oorr aass..
  6. 6. Metaphors… tthhee llaanngguuaaggee ooff lloovvee  PPeeooppllee wwhhoo aarree iinn LLoovvee oofftteenn uussee mmeettaapphhoorrss wwiitthhoouutt rreeaalliizziinngg iitt…… WWhheenn ppeeooppllee uussee ccuutteessyy nnaammeess ffoorr eeaacchh ootthheerr,, lliikkee MMyy tteeddddyy bbeeaarr oorr MMyy DDeeaarreesstt CCuuddddllee BBuunnnnyy tthheeyy aarree uussiinngg mmeettaapphhoorrss.. TThhee ppeerrssoonn uussiinngg tthhee ccoommpplliimmeenntt iiss ccoommppaarriinngg tthheeiirr lloovvee iinntteerreesstt ttoo ssoommeetthhiinngg eellssee bbyy ssaayyiinngg tthheeyy AARREE ssoommeetthhiinngg eellssee…… lliikkee • BBoonn BBoonn • BBaabbyy DDoollll • AAppppllee ooff mmyy eeyyee • HHuuggggyy BBeeaarr • HHoonneeyy PPoott • KKiitttteenn • MMuuffffiinn • PPrriinncceessss • PPuummppkkiinn • SSuunnsshhiinnee
  7. 7. LLoovvee PPooeemm CCrreeaattoorr MMyy LLoovvee YYoouurr sskkiinn gglloowwss lliikkee tthhee SSttrraawwbbeerrrryy,, bblloossssoommss CCooooll aass tthhee TTuulliipp iinn tthhee ppuurreesstt hhooppee ooff sspprriinngg.. MMyy hheeaarrtt ffoolllloowwss yyoouurr CCllaarriinneett vvooiiccee aanndd lleeaappss lliikkee aa FFrroogg aatt tthhee wwhhiissppeerr ooff yyoouurr nnaammee.. TThhee eevveenniinngg ffllooaattss iinn oonn aa ggrreeaatt CCaarrddiinnaall wwiinngg.. II aamm ccoommffoorrtteedd bbyy yyoouurr SShhiirrtt tthhaatt II ccaarrrryy iinnttoo tthhee ttwwiilliigghhtt ooff mmoooonnbbeeaammss aanndd hhoolldd nneexxtt ttoo mmyy TTooeess.. II aamm ffiilllleedd wwiitthh hhooppee tthhaatt II mmaayy ddrryy yyoouurr tteeaarrss ooff WWaatteerr.. AAss mmyy FFiinnggeerrss ffaallllss ffrroomm mmyy SSoocckkss,, iitt rreemmiinnddss mmee ooff yyoouurr CCuupp.. IInn tthhee qquuiieett,, II lliisstteenn ffoorr tthhee llaasstt WWhhiissttllee ooff tthhee ddaayy.. MMyy hheeaatteedd EEyyee lleeaappss ttoo mmyy SSccaarrff.. II wwaaiitt iinn tthhee mmoooonnlliigghhtt ffoorr yyoouurr sseeccrreett CCaarr ssoo tthhaatt wwee mmaayy RRuunn aass oonnee,, EEyyee ttoo EEyyee,, iinn sseeaarrcchh ooff tthhee mmaaggnniiffiicceenntt BBlluuee aanndd mmyyssttiiccaall TTeelleevviissiioonn ooff lloovvee..
  8. 8. RReessppoonnddiinngg ttoo PPooeettrryy • CCooppyy tthhee ffoolllloowwiinngg ppooeemm iinnttoo yyoouurr PPooeettrryy PPoorrttffoolliioo:: TThhee ffoogg ccoommeess oonn lliittttllee ccaatt ffeeeett.. IItt ssiittss llooookkiinngg oovveerr hhaarrbboorr aanndd cciittyy oonn ssiilleenntt hhaauunncchheess aanndd tthheenn mmoovveess oonn..
  9. 9. • FFiinndd aann eexxaammppllee ooff aa mmeettaapphhoorr iinn tthhee ppooeemm ““TThhee FFoogg..”” • TThhee ffoogg IISS aa ccaatt.. WWhhaatt ddooeess tthhiiss tteellll uuss aabboouutt tthhee ffoogg??
  10. 10. • IInn yyoouurr ppooeettrryy ppoorrttffoolliioo,, aannsswweerr oonnee oorr mmoorree ooff tthhee ffoolllloowwiinngg qquueessttiioonnss iinn 7755-- 110000 wwoorrddss.. • 11.. WWhhaatt ddooeess tthhee aauutthhoorr ccoommppaarree tthhee ffoogg ttoo?? WWhhaatt iiss tthhiiss aann eexxaammppllee ooff?? • 22.. WWhhaatt MMOOOODD ddooeess tthhee ppooeemm ccrreeaattee?? • 33.. WWhhaatt qquueessttiioonnss wwoouulldd yyoouu aasskk tthhee ppooeett iiff yyoouu ccoouulldd?? • 44.. WWhhaatt ddiidd tthhee ppooeemm mmaakkee yyoouu tthhiinnkk ooff??
  11. 11. Hyperboles
  12. 12. What Is a Hyperbole ?
  13. 13. The use of exaggeration or overstatement to make an emphatic point.
  14. 14. People make them to sound impressive or to emphasize something’s characteristics
  15. 15. People often use expressions such as: "I nearly died laughing,"
  16. 16. • I was hopping mad! She isn’t hopping.
  17. 17. I tried a thousand times!
  18. 18. My sister uses so much makeup that.. when she takes it off we don’t recognize her!
  19. 19. Now --You try some on your own!
  20. 20. My teacher is so old...
  21. 21. My dog is so ugly...
  22. 22. The town where I grew up is so isolated...
  23. 23. My aunt is so skinny. ..
  24. 24. The mosquitoes here are so big...
  25. 25. Often, hyperboles are confused with similes and metaphors… The difference is that a hyperbole is an exaggeration, not a comparison.
  26. 26. For example: His feet were as big as a barge. It looks like a simile… BUT
  27. 27. It is comparing foot size to the size of a barge. Everyone knows that a barge is approximately 700 feet long. Imagine getting a pair of shoes that big! Accordingly, it’s not an accurate comparison.
  28. 28. •So, a hyperbole is like a simile on steroids.
  29. 29. • Now, for the part I’m not going to teach you… • Yo’ Momma jokes, You’re so poor jokes, You’re so stupid jokes, Dumb Blonde Jokes… yeah, they’re all hyperbole.
  30. 30. • Yo mama so hairy Bigfoot is taking her picture! • Yo mama so stupid when your dad said it was chilly outside, she ran outside with a spoon • She stood staring at the frozen orange juice because it said "Concentrate". • Q: How do blonde braincells die? A: alone.
  31. 31. Hyperbole is supposed to evoke a ridiculous picture in your mind…..
  32. 32. ...and in the process, make the point effectively.
  33. 33. Personification
  34. 34. Personification is giving human qualities, feelings, action, or characteristics to something not human.
  35. 35. Example: The window winked at me.
  36. 36. What do you need?  To have personification you usually need…  A non-person noun  An action a person would do
  37. 37. On your own paper, write the object being personified and the meaning of the personification.
  38. 38. 1. The wind sang her mournful song through the falling leaves.
  39. 39. 2. The microwave timer told me it was time to turn my TV dinner.
  40. 40. 3. The video camera observed the whole scene.
  41. 41. 4. The strawberries seemed to sing, "Eat me first!"
  42. 42. 5. The rain kissed my cheeks as it fell.
  43. 43. 6. The daffodils nodded their yellow heads at the walkers.
  44. 44. 7. The water beckoned invitingly to the hot swimmers.
  45. 45. 8. The snow whispered as it fell to the ground during the early morning hours.
  46. 46. 9. The china danced on the shelves during the earthquake.
  47. 47. 10. The car engine coughed and sputtered when it started during the blizzard.
  48. 48. Draw an example of personification… you may use one of the examples from earlier or make up your own
  49. 49. Pun  A pun is when a word has two possible meanings  Puns are usually funny  You will find them most commonly in funny poems like limericks (more on limericks later)
  50. 50. Punny T Shirts
  51. 51. Punny T Shirts
  52. 52. Punny T Shirts
  53. 53. Punny T Shirts
  54. 54. Punny T Shirts
  55. 55. Punny T Shirts
  56. 56. Make Your Own Pun T Shirt…  Draw a T Shirt on your paper and fill it in with a clever, punny saying and/or picture  For extra credit, use fabric markers, paint, or even a sharpie to make your own pun shirt to wear to school.  ***Remember: Must be school appropriate!

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