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Flexible site structure with cake php


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Brief introduction on Implementing a flexible site structure with CakePHP

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Flexible site structure with cake php

  1. 1. Flexible site structure with CakePHP Andy Gale
  2. 2. T3A gadget,technology andlifestyle magazine
  3. 3. T3Internationallylicensed...
  4. 4. T3Pioneering interactive iPad magazine
  5. 5. T3 Future Publishing• A popular title on Zino - an online publishing platform• Also a popular UK website destination for gadget fans
  6. 6. T3 Future Publishing• Flagship brand for Future Publishing• T3 Awards being an important part of the UK calendar• Many competitors - online, blogs such as Engadget and Gizmodo• Quick-to-publish vital on gadget websites
  7. 7. T3 - Just use Drupal or Wordpress!• Many Future websites now in Drupal or Wordpress• Pressflow (a distribution of Drupal) is an excellent platform for publishing websites• Drupal and Pressflow with Varnish scales
  8. 8. T3 - Just use Drupal or Wordpress?• No need to build another CMS?• But the site editors had unique requirements for their workflow
  9. 9. Editable custom content boxes Popular list features need to be fast and easy to createEasy to update trending and ticker
  10. 10. Various different types of galleries including super galleries!
  11. 11. Flexible site structure• Obviously, articles, galleries, other lists of content are stored in database• We also stored the site structure in the database using the Tree behaviour.
  12. 12. Editable custom content boxes
  13. 13. ElementsModel:CREATE TABLE elements (! id INTEGER(10) UNSIGNED NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,! name VARCHAR(255) DEFAULT ,! PRIMARY KEY (id));Name field, just the filename of aCakePHP element<div><h3>Latest</h3><ul> <li><a href="/news/iphone5red">iPhone 5 actually Red</a></li> <li><a href="/news/iphone5blue">iPhone 5 to Blue</a></li></ul>[children]
  14. 14. SiteObject Elementid: 1 id: 1name: Latest smartphone news name: content_boxes/list.ctptype: ContentBoxelement_id: 1content_id: 50 SiteObject id: 50 name: Latest smartphone news list type: List SiteObject Article id: 51 id: 1 type: List name: Black Samsung parent_id: 50 Galaxy S3 coming soon article_id: 1 SiteObject Article id: 52 id: 2 type: List name: Motorola RAZAR Ice parent_id: 50 Cream Sandwich update out article_id: 2 now SiteObject Article id: 53 id: 3 type: List name: Supposed Apple parent_id: 50 iPhone 5 motherboard hints article_id: 3 at features
  15. 15. Hero article content boxSiteObjectid: 1name: Samsung Galaxy Note 2: Hands On Elementtype: ContentBox id: 2element_id: 2 name: content_boxes/hero.ctparticle_id: 4 Article id: 4 name: Black Samsung Galaxy S3 coming soon
  16. 16. Tree Behaviour <body> id: 1 left: 1, right: 10 <header> <main> id: 2 id: 5 parent: 1 parent: 1 left: 2, right: 7 left: 8, right: 13<h1> & logo <nav> <article> <aside>id: 3 id: 4 id: 6 id: 7parent: 2 parent: 2 parent: 5 parent: 5left: 3, right: 4 left: 5, right: 6 left: 9, right: 10 left: 11, right: 12
  17. 17. So what about the structure?All page elements were grouped togetheras different types of “site object”CREATE TABLE site_objects (! id INTEGER(10) UNSIGNED NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,! parent_id INTEGER(10) UNSIGNED DEFAULT NULL,! lft INTEGER(10) UNSIGNED DEFAULT NULL,! rght INTEGER(10) UNSIGNED DEFAULT NULL,! name VARCHAR(255) DEFAULT ,!! page_id INTEGER(10) UNSIGNED DEFAULT NULL,! article_id INTEGER(10) UNSIGNED DEFAULT NULL,! element_id INTEGER(10) UNSIGNED DEFAULT NULL,! content_id INTEGER(10) UNSIGNED DEFAULT NULL,! PRIMARY KEY (id));PageCREATE TABLE pages (! id INTEGER(10) UNSIGNED NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,! name VARCHAR(255) DEFAULT ,!! title VARCHAR(255) DEFAULT ,!! meta_description TEXT DEFAULT! meta_keywords TEXT DEFAULT NULL,! name VARCHAR(255) DEFAULT ,!! url VARCHAR(255) DEFAULT ,!! PRIMARY KEY (id));
  18. 18. URLs• The structure of each “Page” or URL was defined in a tree• /news takes you to the page structure for news articles• /news/new-iphone5-released takes you to the page structure associated with the new articles that has the slug “new-iphone5-released” allowing different layouts for articles from trades shows
  19. 19. Content?• element_id field contains a reference to the element that should be used to display this content• content_id field in SiteObject refers to another SiteObject which contains information about where to find the content• That content could be a list of articles, images, a carousel... anything that the site supports
  20. 20. Content?• Backend process updates lists periodically• Key lists such as the homepage lists of articles are updated whenever articles change• Allows easy updating of caching. See:
  21. 21. Caching!!!!!!• Caching vital when implementing a site using this methodology• Structure and content both SiteObjects can be cached in the same way• Caching need to be updated fast to ensure new articles were published as soon as possible
  22. 22. Caching CMS Cache update sent as a topic via STOMP protocol ActiveMQ Multiple clients can subscribe to a topic so all web servers that are listening can update their cache immediately and serve new contentWeb server Web server Web server
  23. 23. CSS, elements and flexible Structure• Consistent CSS style guide for each component vital for implementing a flexible site structure• Elements should work wherever they are placed• Twitter Bootstrap is a great example
  24. 24. Flexible site structure with CakePHP• Code to be released on my GitHub page shortly:• Avoiding Surprises with Chef and Vagrant Attend if you’ve ever had problems with configuration or anything else when putting sites live
  25. 25. Flexible site structure with CakePHP• Questions?• @andygale on Twitter• on the Web