Run on sentences

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An overview of the most common errors made in sentence construction and how to remedy them.

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Run on sentences

  1. 1. Reworking run-on sentences<br />
  2. 2. Run-on sentences are independent clauses that haven’t been joined correctly.<br />
  3. 3. There are 2 types of run-on sentence:<br />Fused sentences:<br />Air pollution poses risks to all humans it can be deadly for asthmatics.<br />
  4. 4. Comma splices:<br />Air pollution poses risks to all humans, it can be deadly for asthmatics.<br />Air pollution poses risks to all humans, however, it can be deadly for asthmatics<br />
  5. 5. When two or more independent clauses appear in one sentence they can only be correctly joined in a couple of ways...<br />
  6. 6. With a comma and a coordinating conjunction (and, but, or, nor, for, so, yet)<br />Or with a semicolon (or occasionally a colon or dash)<br />
  7. 7. To correct a run-on sentence you have 4 options:<br />Use a comma and coordinating conjunction<br />Use a semicolon (or dash/colon)<br />Make the clauses into separate sentences<br />Restructure the sentence, perhaps by making one of the clauses subordinate<br />
  8. 8. Use a comma and coordinating conjunction.<br /> When a coordinating conjunction joins independent clauses, it is usually preceded by a comma.<br />
  9. 9. Air pollution poses risks to all humans it can be deadly for asthmatics.<br />Air pollution poses risks to all humans,but it can be deadly for asthmatics.<br />
  10. 10. Use a semicolon (or dash/colon).<br /> When the independent clauses are closely related and their relation is clear without a coordinating conjunction, a semicolon is acceptable.<br />
  11. 11. Air pollution poses risks to all humans it can be deadly for asthmatics.<br />Air pollution poses risks to all humans; it can be deadly for asthmatics.<br />
  12. 12. Make the clauses into separate sentences.<br /> If both independent clauses are long – or if one is a question and the other is not – consider making them separate sentences.<br />
  13. 13. Air pollution poses risks to all humans it can be deadly for asthmatics.<br />Air pollution poses risks to all humans. It can be deadly for asthmatics.<br />
  14. 14. Restructure the sentence, perhaps by making one of the clauses subordinate.<br /> While this can take work, it can lead to variety and some interesting expressions.<br />
  15. 15. Air pollution poses risks to all humans it can be deadly for asthmatics.<br />Although air pollution poses risks to all humans, it can be deadly for asthmatics.<br />

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