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Non Fiction - Pat

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An overview of PAT using Postman Pat to explore Purpose, Audience and Text type for non-fiction analysis - good for KS3 and GCSE

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Non Fiction - Pat

  1. 1. Non Fiction - PAT What’s it all about?
  2. 2. Purpose Audience Text type
  3. 3. Why? Purpose Audience Who? Text type What?
  4. 4. Purpose Audience Text type
  5. 5. Audience – the central cog The intended ‘consumer’ of a text shapes its form and purpose – •Age •Gender •Education •Socio-economic status •Hobbies and interests
  6. 6. Purpose Audience Text type
  7. 7. ‘Fit for purpose’
  8. 8. Non fiction – the ‘events’ •Inform •Explain •Describe •Advise •Persuade •Argue •Analyse •Review •Comment
  9. 9. To Inform •To present new information to your audience
  10. 10. To Explain •To reveal ‘how’ or ‘why’ processes or events occur
  11. 11. To Describe •To paint a multi-sensory and vivid picture of a person, place or event
  12. 12. To Argue •To encourage your audience to align themselves with your opinion or point of view
  13. 13. To Persuade •To convince your audience to take a specific action or change their behaviour
  14. 14. To Advise •To offer guidance in order to assist your audience to overcome a challenge or improve their lives in some way
  15. 15. To Analyse •To objectively and critically evaluate, scrutinise or deconstruct an object, experience or event
  16. 16. To Review •To offer your opinion and/or judgement on an object, experience or event which your audience might also be considering in order to help them arrive at a decision
  17. 17. To Comment •To share your insights, opinions and experiences on any matter of interest
  18. 18. Purpose Audience Text type
  19. 19. Just as you can determine the event an athlete is likely to compete in by studying their ‘form’... You can identify the intended audience and purpose of a non- fiction text by studying its ‘form’– even its title can give you clues
  20. 20. ‘The Crunch’ – identifying PAT
  21. 21. Title Text type Purpose A guide to the inflation / deflation cycle Magazine article To explain Today I lost my job Journal entry To describe Where do we go from here? Editorial column in newspaper To comment Why we should nationalise all banks now! Speech To argue Which mortgage? Product guide To review G20 Summit meets to solve credit crunch Newspaper report To inform An investment opportunity not to be missed Advertisement To persuade 10 ways to beat the credit crunch Leaflet To advise Annual financial review 2009 Report To analyse
  22. 22. Once you are able to identify the distinctive features of each text type according to its audience and purpose, you can use this knowledge to both analyse and write materials
  23. 23. You can think of the features of a text as the basic kit which the writer uses to ensure that his/her text is ‘fit for purpose’ and shaped with a particular audience in mind
  24. 24. By selecting the right kit (writing features) the writer ensures that the audience can relax and enjoy the event (the text)
  25. 25. If a writer uses the wrong techniques and features – the text fails to meet its purpose and will be unlikely to achieve its intended effect on its audience!
  26. 26. You should aim to build a clear understanding of the distinctive features and techniques associated with each of the text types: What makes an advert persuasive? How can an agony aunt make sure the advice offered is taken on board? What are the differences between a tabloid and broadsheet article and is one more ‘informative’ that the other?
  27. 27. Example 1
  28. 28. Manchester United confidently expect Louis Saha to become the third signing in a week after the French striker revealed last night that Fulham had told him he could go. The 25 year old revealed the fee would be £10m and described himself as ‘very happy’, adding that joining the Premiership leaders would be ‘like a dream’. Adult reader with an interest in sport
  29. 29. Manchester United confidently expect Louis Saha to become the third signing in a week after the French striker revealed last night that Fulham had told him he could go. The 25 year old revealed the fee would be £10m and described himself as ‘very happy’, adding that joining the Premiership leaders would be ‘like a dream’. •Use of a variety of facts •Clear and accessible vocabulary •Use of reported speech •3rd person •Standard English.
  30. 30. Manchester United confidently expect Louis Saha to become the third signing in a week after the French striker revealed last night that Fulham had told him he could go. The 25 year old revealed the fee would be £10m and described himself as ‘very happy’, adding that joining the Premiership leaders would be ‘like a dream’. To inform
  31. 31. Example 2
  32. 32. Without the help of animal lovers like you, the RSPCA would be powerless in the war against cruelty and suffering. See for yourself how your donation can help save the lives of animals who have known only fear, pain and suffering. Locked in a room for weeks without food, 10 year old retriever Marley was just half his recommended weight when the RSPCA found him. The vet said he would have been dead within days if we hadn’t rescued him... Adult reader with disposable income and a desire to make a difference
  33. 33. Without the help of animal lovers like you, the RSPCA would be powerless in the war against cruelty and suffering. See for yourself how your donation can help save the lives of animals who have known only fear, pain and suffering. Locked in a room for weeks without food, 10 year old retriever Marley was just half his recommended weight when the RSPCA found him. The vet said he would have been dead within days if we hadn’t rescued him... •Dramatic, emotive language •Direct address and flattery •Use of exemplar anecdote •Rule of three
  34. 34. Without the help of animal lovers like you, the RSPCA would be powerless in the war against cruelty and suffering. See for yourself how your donation can help save the lives of animals who have known only fear, pain and suffering. Locked in a room for weeks without food, 10 year old retriever Marley was just half his recommended weight when the RSPCA found him. The vet said he would have been dead within days if we hadn’t rescued him... To persuade
  35. 35. Some athletes are capable of competing in more than one ‘event’ and in the same way, some texts can fulfil more than one purpose or appeal to a broad audience
  36. 36. •Inform •Explain •Describe •Advise •Persuade •Argue •Analyse •Review •Comment
  37. 37. As you might expect, these kind of ‘hybrid’ texts contain a blend of writing features suited to each purpose
  38. 38. Example 3 This is a 3 way hybrid text – can you identify which triplet of purposes it meets?
  39. 39. The Canon 350D is one of the best selling digital SLR cameras on the market. The ability to employ a range of interchangeable lenses allows the user to replicate many of the traditional effects achieved with 35mm cameras. The robust outer casing with its easy-grip texturing is a useful feature and at just under 0.5 kg, the model is certainly designed with comfort in mind. Unlike similarly priced cameras by Nikon and Olympus, the 350D has an advanced red-eye reduction filter which comes as standard. It is without doubt the smart choice for the aspiring photographer seeking to step into the digital era.
  40. 40. What is its P.A.T.?
  41. 41. •To inform – new information is given •To persuade – you are encouraged to buy it! •To review – its features and benefits are considered Adult reader considering purchasing a new camera or photography enthusiast It is likely to have appeared in a product review section of a magazine or as part of a shop product information sheet
  42. 42. So remember, when you are analysing a text or planning to write non-fiction, start with PAT

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