Understanding & Measuring Happiness: Sara Eppel (DEFRA)


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DEFRA's Head of Sustainable Products and Consumers briefs SWO delegates on sustainable development indicators and well-being measures.

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Understanding & Measuring Happiness: Sara Eppel (DEFRA)

  1. 1. Sustainable Development Indicators and Wellbeing Measures Sara Eppel, Head Sustainable Products and Consumers, Defra  
  2. 2. Wellbeing <ul><li>Securing the Future </li></ul>“ What is missing is a means of making sure that wellbeing issues are being tackled consistently, in the right way, and that we are genuinely making a difference to people’s lives”
  3. 3. A common understanding <ul><li>Wellbeing is: </li></ul><ul><li>positive physical, social and mental state </li></ul><ul><li>individuals have a sense of purpose </li></ul><ul><li>achieve personal goals & participate </li></ul><ul><li>supportive personal relationships </li></ul><ul><li>communities </li></ul><ul><li>health </li></ul><ul><li>financial & personal security </li></ul><ul><li>rewarding employment </li></ul><ul><li>healthy & attractive environment </li></ul>
  4. 4. Wellbeing in Government <ul><li>Audit Commission, Local Government and the Young Foundation </li></ul><ul><li>Department for Children, School and Families </li></ul><ul><li>Department for Communities and Local Government </li></ul><ul><li>Department for Culture, Media and Sport </li></ul><ul><li>Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs </li></ul><ul><li>Department of Health </li></ul><ul><li>Department for Work and Pensions </li></ul><ul><li>Department for Business, Innovation and Skills </li></ul><ul><li>Office for National Statistics </li></ul><ul><li>Scottish Executive </li></ul><ul><li>Welsh Assembly Government </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainable Development Commission </li></ul>
  5. 5. Sustainable development indicators <ul><li>68 SD indicators </li></ul><ul><li>Simple presentation </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Traffic light’ assessments </li></ul><ul><li>Pie-chart summaries </li></ul><ul><li>45,000 printed per year </li></ul>2004 - <ul><li>220,000 downloads per year </li></ul>
  6. 6. SD Indicator framework Sustainable consumption & production Natural resource protection & enhancement Climate change & energy Creating sustainable communities & a fairer world Decoupling emissions, resource use & waste Society Employment & poverty Education Health Mobility & access Justice & equity Housing Wellbeing International Contextual
  7. 7. Existing Indicators <ul><li>Fear of crime </li></ul>
  8. 8. Existing Indicators <ul><li>Workless households </li></ul>
  9. 9. Existing Indicators <ul><li>Suicides </li></ul>
  10. 10. Environmental equality Populations living in areas with, in relative terms, the least favourable environmental conditions, 2000-7
  11. 11. Framework Domain Factors Health <ul><li>Mental health </li></ul><ul><li>Physical health </li></ul>How we spend our time <ul><li>Active engagement </li></ul><ul><li>Spending time with family / friends </li></ul>Standard of living <ul><li>Employment </li></ul><ul><li>Material deprivation </li></ul><ul><li>Financial security </li></ul>Achievement in life <ul><li>Education </li></ul><ul><li>Sense of purpose </li></ul>Attitudes and beliefs <ul><li>Feeling threatened </li></ul><ul><li>Trust </li></ul><ul><li>Autonomy / control </li></ul><ul><li>Optimism </li></ul>Relationships <ul><li>Personal support </li></ul><ul><li>Personal relationships </li></ul>Environment <ul><li>Housing </li></ul><ul><li>Use of green space </li></ul>
  12. 12. Wellbeing as SD indicators <ul><li>39. Fear of crime * </li></ul><ul><li>41. Workless households </li></ul><ul><li>43. Childhood poverty </li></ul><ul><li>45. Pensioner poverty </li></ul><ul><li>47. Education </li></ul><ul><li>50. Healthy life expectancy </li></ul><ul><li>51. Mortality rates (suicide) </li></ul><ul><li>57. Accessibility * </li></ul><ul><li>59. Social justice </li></ul><ul><li>60. Environmental equality </li></ul><ul><li>62. Housing conditions </li></ul><ul><li>66. Satisfaction with local area * </li></ul>Perceptions of anti-social behaviour * Self-reported general health * Self-reported long-standing illness * Mortality rates for those with severe mental illness Trust in people in neighbourhood * Influencing decisions in local area *
  13. 13. (New) existing indicators <ul><li>Perceptions of anti-social behaviour </li></ul>
  14. 14. (New) existing indicators <ul><li>Self-reported general health </li></ul>
  15. 15. 68. Wellbeing measures <ul><li>Overall life satisfaction </li></ul><ul><li>Overall life satisfaction by social grade </li></ul><ul><li>Satisfaction with aspects of life </li></ul><ul><li>Satisfaction with aspects of life, by social grade </li></ul><ul><li>Satisfaction with aspects of life, by age </li></ul><ul><li>Frequency of positive and negative feelings </li></ul><ul><li>Frequency of positive and negative feelings, by social grade </li></ul><ul><li>Frequency of feelings or activities which may have a positive or negative impact on wellbeing </li></ul><ul><li>Level of participation in sport </li></ul><ul><li>Access to green space </li></ul><ul><li>Level of participation in other activities </li></ul><ul><li>Positive mental health </li></ul>
  16. 16. Overall life satisfaction Life satisfaction rating, by socio-economic class
  17. 17. Regional dissatisfaction
  18. 18. Satisfaction with aspects of life Relationships Accommodation Standard of living Local area Day to day activities Health Leisure Control Achievement of goals Future financial security Community 88% 86% 85% 82% 78% 78% 73% 72% 70% 63% 61% Overall average: fairly or very satisfied Chart shows difference from the average
  19. 19. Satisfaction with aspects of life
  20. 20. Frequency of feelings Happy Engaged Energised Unsafe Depressed Lonely Everything was an effort Sleep was restless 73% 64% 45% 3% 5% 6% 16% 24% Overall average: everyday or most days in the last 2 weeks Chart shows difference from the average
  21. 22. <ul><ul><li>11.05-11.25 Refreshments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(and opportunity to view the display stands) </li></ul></ul>