The great choral classics

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The great choral classics

  1. 1. The Great Choral Classics
  2. 2. What is it? <ul><li>Oratorio </li></ul><ul><li>Mass </li></ul>
  3. 3. Oratorio <ul><li>A choral piece for vocal soloists, mixed choir and orchestra. </li></ul><ul><li>Consists of movements </li></ul>
  4. 4. What are the movements <ul><li>Overture: an orchestral movement that opens the work </li></ul><ul><li>Aria: a movement for the soloists, usually accompanied by the orchestra </li></ul><ul><li>Recitative: a short section that drives the plot forward, sung by a soloist and usually accompanied by just a few strings or continuo </li></ul><ul><li>Chorus: a movement for choir and orchestra </li></ul><ul><li>Orchestral interlude: a movement for just orchestra </li></ul>
  5. 5. Oratorio <ul><li>Number of similarities to an opera - what are they </li></ul><ul><li>Unlike an opera: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Oratorio uses religious texts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Suitable for performance in church </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not theatrical </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not performed with scenery </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. G.F. Handel
  7. 7. Verdi (1813 - 1901) <ul><li>Italian romantic composer </li></ul><ul><li>Mainly wrote opera </li></ul><ul><li>Influenced by Rossini </li></ul><ul><li>In 1869, Verdi was asked to compose a section for a requiem mass in memory of Rossini. </li></ul><ul><li>It was never performed in Verdi's lifetime. </li></ul>
  8. 8. G.F. Handel (1685-1759) <ul><li>German/British composer famous for his, </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Operas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Oratorios </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Anthems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Concertos </li></ul></ul><ul><li>His most famous oratorio was the Messiah with its Hallelujah Chorus. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Mass <ul><li>Based on Latin text from the Catholic communion services. </li></ul><ul><li>It contains choruses, solos and instrumental interludes. </li></ul><ul><li>Contains 6 movements </li></ul><ul><li>The texts are of repentance, praise and belief. </li></ul><ul><li>Texts is mostly Latin </li></ul>
  10. 10. Requiem Mass <ul><li>'Mass for the Dead' </li></ul><ul><li>Used to honour the deceived in a funeral context. </li></ul><ul><li>It replaces the more joyful sections of the mass </li></ul><ul><li>Eg. Dies Irae 'Day of Wrath' </li></ul><ul><li>Verdi composed a very dramatic Dies Irae in his Requiem. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Relationships <ul><li>The conductor is responsible for keeping the choir, orchestra and soloists together. </li></ul><ul><li>The orchestra might take centre stage in an interlude then accompany the choir in the chorus </li></ul><ul><li>Within movements musicians may swap roles in a similar way </li></ul>
  12. 12. Relationships <ul><li>There can be a mixture of the following textures: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Contrapuntal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Homophonic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Melody and accompaniment </li></ul></ul><ul><li>We will see how this works in some pieces. </li></ul>

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