Bhangra

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Area of Study 3 Dance Music

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Bhangra

  1. 1. Bhangra
  2. 2. Indian Musical Instruments Dhol Sarangi
  3. 3. Indian Musical Instruments Chimta Ektara
  4. 4. Indian Musical Instruments Tumbi Sitar Tabla
  5. 5. FUSION of Punjabi folk music with western popular music. FUSION of Punjabi folk music with western popular music. Bhangra FUSION of Punjabi folk music with western popular music
  6. 6. Background <ul><li>Folk dance in the Punjab region </li></ul><ul><li>Farmers’ songs for entertainment </li></ul><ul><li>Celebration – Harvest </li></ul><ul><li>Led by the DHOL </li></ul>Traditional Bhangra
  7. 7. The Dance <ul><li>Originally a male dance </li></ul><ul><li>Movements reflected their work in </li></ul><ul><li>the field </li></ul><ul><li>Mainly groups dances </li></ul><ul><li>Circular formation </li></ul><ul><li>Acrobatic stunts </li></ul>Traditional Bhangra
  8. 8. The Dance Ihumar Giddha Daankara Traditional Bhangra Circular, quiet chorus Female, story-telling Male, coloured sticks
  9. 9. Developments <ul><li>Bhangra = sense of identity </li></ul><ul><li>Fused with pop music (1970s/1980s) </li></ul><ul><li>Music technology </li></ul><ul><li>Commercial success </li></ul>Modern Bhangra
  10. 10. The Dance <ul><li>More recently, a female dance </li></ul><ul><li>Bhangra in the club = individual and improvised. </li></ul>Modern Bhangra
  11. 11. Performers Modern Bhangra First bhangra hit single: Alaap’s Bhabiye Ni Bhabiye (1980s)
  12. 12. Performers Modern Bhangra Malkit Singh Kuldeep Manak Punjabi MC
  13. 13. v Chaal Triplet rhythm; dha = both drum heads played together / na = only the higher-pitched drum is played Dhol Vocal melody Limited range; ornamentation; microtonal intervals; often falls at the end of the phrase; RAGAS Instruments Sitar, tumbi, sarangi. Harmonium, tabla Tempo Fast, crotchet = 140-180 per minute Influences Popular music styles = reggae, hip-hop, disco, rap Music technology = synthesizers, drum machines, mixing, scratching, sampling. ‘ Hoi’ Structure 4 beats in a bar; verse-chorus
  14. 14. Performing Task: Practise the CHAAL rhythm

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