Demonstration and Promotion of improved crop (bread  wheat, food barley & faba bean) Technologies in           Gumara-Maks...
Introduction• Farmers in the watershed are cultivating traditional,  low yielding and disease and pest susceptible varieti...
Introduction (Cont.)• The project conducted PVS trials on food barley, bread  wheat and faba bean crops in the 2010 croppi...
ObjectivesThen demonstrating and promoting the selectedvars. was conducted to:• Increase farmers’ productivity by introduc...
Methodology• Demonstrated vars.- ‘Tay’ of bread wheat, ‘Estayish’ of food  barley, and ‘Degaga’ of faba beanCrop type     ...
Methodology (Cont.)• No. of participant farmers 60 (20 for bread wheat, 20  for food barley & 20 for faba bean )• Plot siz...
Methodology (Cont.)Data collected• Farmers feedback• Sample grain yield collected from demonstration plots  & neighboring ...
Results & discussionTable 1. Grain yield and yield advantage of improvedbread wheat variety (Tay) over farmers’ variety   ...
Results & discussion (Cont.)Table 2. Grain yield and yield advantage of the improvedfood barley variety (Estayish) over th...
Results & discussion (Cont.)Table 3. Grain yield and yield advantage of the improvedfaba bean variety (Degaga) over the lo...
Results & discussion (Cont.)Partial budget analysis was done using  – Current fertilizer prices  – Current wage price  – C...
Results & discussion (Cont.)                        Table 4 Partial budget analysis                               Bread wh...
Field day participants•   In the field days organized in 2011 on food barley technology 29    farmers, 13 extension worker...
Farmers’ feed back• Farmers evaluated• Bread wheat (earliness, biomass, spike length, stalk  strength, seed size and seed ...
Food barley variety Estayesh
Any one who want this improved variety in the next cropping season?
Conclusion• This experiment was initiated to familiarize  farmers in Gumara-Maksignet watershed with  improved crop variet...
Conclusion (cont.)• The field observations and simple statistical  analysis done showed that the varieties are  better and...
Lesson learned• PTS makes adoption and dissemination of certain technologies easy• To facilitate the rate of adoption, res...
Way forward• Those varieties which were selected by farmers should be scaled out for wide scale production• Strengthening ...
Demonstration and promotion of improved crop (bread
Demonstration and promotion of improved crop (bread
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Demonstration and promotion of improved crop (bread

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Demonstration and promotion of improved crop (bread

  1. 1. Demonstration and Promotion of improved crop (bread wheat, food barley & faba bean) Technologies in Gumara-Maksegnit watershed By Andualem Tadesse December, 2012
  2. 2. Introduction• Farmers in the watershed are cultivating traditional, low yielding and disease and pest susceptible varieties for most of the crops.• Despite the availability of improved high yielding and disease and pest resistant and drought tolerant varieties developed by NARS and ICARDA, farmers did not get the opportunity to grow these varieties.• Thus, introducing high yielding and adaptable improved crop varieties would increase farmers’ productivity and livelihood.
  3. 3. Introduction (Cont.)• The project conducted PVS trials on food barley, bread wheat and faba bean crops in the 2010 cropping season.• Vars. selected  Food barley- Estayish and Misrach vars.  Bread wheat- Tay, Alidor and Jiru vars.  Faba bean- Degaga, Welqi and Moti
  4. 4. ObjectivesThen demonstrating and promoting the selectedvars. was conducted to:• Increase farmers’ productivity by introducing and adopting improved crop varieties• Enhance farmers’ and development agents’ capacity in crop production and management
  5. 5. Methodology• Demonstrated vars.- ‘Tay’ of bread wheat, ‘Estayish’ of food barley, and ‘Degaga’ of faba beanCrop type Seed rate: Fertilizer rate:Bread wheat 150 kg/ha 100 kg/ha DAP and 125 kg/ha UreaFood barley 125 kg/ha 100 kg/ha DAP and 100 kg/ha UreaFaba bean 100 kg/ha 100 kg/ha DAP• Urea for bread wheat applied in 2 split (at planting and after first weeding) while for food barley it was applied at planting at once• All other agronomic practices were done by farmers based on the recommendation with close assistance from Das and researchers
  6. 6. Methodology (Cont.)• No. of participant farmers 60 (20 for bread wheat, 20 for food barley & 20 for faba bean )• Plot size: 50 m x 50 m on each farmers field (total 15 ha)• FREG established• Training to 100 farmers (13 female), and 7 extension personnel (2 female) about production technologies and management of crops• A total of 162 one page production manual in each crop type were prepared and distributed• Field days held
  7. 7. Methodology (Cont.)Data collected• Farmers feedback• Sample grain yield collected from demonstration plots & neighboring farmers plots• Economic data• Simple descriptive statistics was used to analyze the collected data• CIMMYT partial budget and sensitivity analysis were used to do cost-benefit analysis
  8. 8. Results & discussionTable 1. Grain yield and yield advantage of improvedbread wheat variety (Tay) over farmers’ variety Yield from Yield from Yield YieldFarmers demonstratio neighborin advanta advanta n plots (t/ha) g field ge (t/ha) ge(%) (t/ha)Legesse 3.24 2.20 1.04 47.2AdugnaHone 3.65 2.75 0.9 32.72AwokeLakew 3.43 2.60 0.83 31.92AwokeGizat 2.89 2.24 0.65 29.01AwokeMean 3.30 2.45
  9. 9. Results & discussion (Cont.)Table 2. Grain yield and yield advantage of the improvedfood barley variety (Estayish) over the local variety Yield from Yield from Yield YieldFarmer demonstrat neighbori advantag advanta ion plots ng field e (t/ha) ge(%) (t/ha) (t/ha)Eyayu 2.2 1.6 0.6 37.5TadesseMulu 2.9 2.2 0.7 31.8BerihunTiget 2.4 1.7 0.7 41.2DessalegnDessie 2.6 1.8 0.8 44.4GebruMean 2.53 1.83
  10. 10. Results & discussion (Cont.)Table 3. Grain yield and yield advantage of the improvedfaba bean variety (Degaga) over the local variety Yield from Yield from Yield YieldFarmers demonstrat neighbori advanta advanta ion plots ng field ge (t/ha) ge (%) (t/ha) (t/ha)Melkamu 1.71 1.32 0.39 29.5GetuMesafint 1.29 0.98 0.31 31.6AmbachewAlew Kebede 1.24 0.98 0.26 26.5Birhanu 1.34 0.86 0.48 55.8EbabuMean 1.395 1.035
  11. 11. Results & discussion (Cont.)Partial budget analysis was done using – Current fertilizer prices – Current wage price – Current farm gate price of the grain at planting for each crop – Current farm gate price of the grain at harvest for each crop – Yield adjusted down by 10% to more accurately reflect yields obtained under farmers’ harvesting and threshing
  12. 12. Results & discussion (Cont.) Table 4 Partial budget analysis Bread wheat Food barley Faba bean Local Improved Local Improved Local ImprovedMean GY (kg/ha) 2,450 3,300 1,820 2,520 1,035 1,395Adj. yield (kg/ha) 2,205 2,970 1,638 2,268 931.5 1,255.5GFB (ETB/ha) 14,332.5 19,305.00 11,466.00 15,876.00 7,452.00 10,044.00Fert. costs(ETB/ha) 3,010.75 3,010.75 2,708.00 2,708.00 1,497.00 1,497.00Labor cost (ETB/ha) 1,000.00 1,575.00 1,000.00 1,575.00 0.00 875.00TCV (ETB/ha) 4,010.75 4,585.75 3,708.00 4,283.00 1497.00 2,372.00NB (ETB/ha) 10,321.75 14,719.25 7,758.00 11,593.00 5,955.00 7,672.00MC (ETB/ha) 575.00 575.00 875.00MNB (ETB/ha) 4,397.50 3,835.00 1,717.00MRR (%) 764 666 196
  13. 13. Field day participants• In the field days organized in 2011 on food barley technology 29 farmers, 13 extension workers, 8 researchers participated• In a field day conducted in 2012 65 farmers (7 female), 7 extension workers (2 female), G/z district administrator delegate and 4 journalists participated and the occasion has been broadcasted on Mass media
  14. 14. Farmers’ feed back• Farmers evaluated• Bread wheat (earliness, biomass, spike length, stalk strength, seed size and seed color)• Food barley (Earliness, number of rows per spike, plant biomass, tillering capacity and water logging resistance)• Faba bean (pod setting ability, 3-4 numbers of seeds per plant, and strong stalk)
  15. 15. Food barley variety Estayesh
  16. 16. Any one who want this improved variety in the next cropping season?
  17. 17. Conclusion• This experiment was initiated to familiarize farmers in Gumara-Maksignet watershed with improved crop varieties with their production package• It was observed that farmers participation in variety selection has paramount importance
  18. 18. Conclusion (cont.)• The field observations and simple statistical analysis done showed that the varieties are better and from farmers feedback relatively fitted farmers’ interest• So, Gondar zuria district agriculture office and other stakeholders should take over the responsibility from GARC and further scale out the technologies
  19. 19. Lesson learned• PTS makes adoption and dissemination of certain technologies easy• To facilitate the rate of adoption, research and extension should be demand driven and market oriented• Linkage between major stakeholders in technology transfer has paramount importance
  20. 20. Way forward• Those varieties which were selected by farmers should be scaled out for wide scale production• Strengthening participatory research approach• Test other varieties/technologies in the watershed

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