Whats Possible With Educational Technology

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Overview of ET trends for Higher Education in Africa

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Whats Possible With Educational Technology

  1. 1. How might Educational Technology support Teaching and Learning in Higher Education? POSSIBILITIES
  2. 2. Objectives <ul><li>Provide a conceptual framework for thinking about educational technology choices </li></ul><ul><li>Exposure to a range of technologies used for teaching and learning purposes </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitate reflection on possibilities of appropriate use in the local context </li></ul><ul><li>To present a few possibilities which are on the horizon as well as those which are immediately available </li></ul>
  3. 3. A Cautionary Note Educational Technology will NOT solve all your problems Time and money spent on technology and online teaching will be wasted unless interventions are driven by good educational design.
  4. 4. Teaching Theory & Technology Behaviourism Cognitivism Constructivism e-Activities: Discussion forums e-Mail contact Productivity software e-Activities: Rote based tutorials Online assessment Online lecture notes e-Activities: Social interactions Online libraries Online Chat Counselling
  5. 5. Learning Interactions Anderson, T. (2003). Towards a Theory of Online Learning, http://cde.athabascau.ca/online_book/ch2.html
  6. 6. Learning Interactions & Tools Anderson, T. (2003).
  7. 7. Five Challenges for Educators Laurillard, D. (2001). Rethinking University Teaching: A Framework for the Effective Use of Learning Technologies . Routledge Falmer
  8. 8. Read Course Materials This used to mean the textbook and prescribed readings … But now we can also use…
  9. 9. Read Course Materials <ul><li>Electronic Text Files : Downloaded to either an electronic reader or computer. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>E-books, PDFs or MS Word files </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Audio Files : Downloaded to either a computer, iPod or mobile phone. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Podcasts or recorded lectures as MP3 files </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Video Files : Downloaded to either a computer an iPod or mobile phone as MP4 files </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Teacher Tube / YouTube </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Read Course Materials Both commercial and open education services are available to help students access top quality academic materials
  11. 11. Five Challenges for Educators Laurillard, D. (2001). Rethinking University Teaching: A Framework for the Effective Use of Learning Technologies . Routledge Falmer
  12. 12. Explore within the discipline? <ul><li>This used to mean reading books and paper based journals but now there is a tsunami of online information. </li></ul><ul><li>How do we help students to deal with this? </li></ul>
  13. 13. Newsfeeds & RSS! Newsfeeds mean that you no longer need to come to a web page to see what’s new. Instead you can gather all of this in one place and click through to what interests you
  14. 14. Explore: Discipline Specific Portals Sometimes Subject Based Information Gateways are more useful than general web searches e.g Intute offers portals for a wide range of disciplines.
  15. 15. Explore: Open Access <ul><li>There is a wealth of information available as Open Educational Resources and as Open Access Research including resources from many of the world’s top universities. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Five Challenges for Educators Laurillard, D. (2001). Rethinking University Teaching: A Framework for the Effective Use of Learning Technologies . Routledge Falmer
  17. 17. Engage in Learning Conversations? <ul><li>This used to mean a discussion in a tutorial or lab session or individual consultations </li></ul><ul><li>but now new technologies offer a richer experience.. </li></ul><ul><li>Online discussions - Online chats - Blogging - Text messages - e-Mail </li></ul>
  18. 18. Qualities of Conversation All the qualities that we associate with deep face to face learning conversation can be taken online. These include excitement, discovery, trust, intense listening and flow. As in face to face interaction this requires good facilitation. What’s different is the effective use of the online environment to provide conversational spaces and tools.
  19. 19. Conversation: Blogs <ul><li>strong authorial voice </li></ul><ul><li>separation of content from appearance </li></ul><ul><li>easy to start </li></ul><ul><li>easy updating, </li></ul><ul><li>listing of postings from most to least recent </li></ul><ul><li>collection of recommended links </li></ul><ul><li>Newsfeeds/ RSS </li></ul>
  20. 20. Conversation: Forums
  21. 21. Five Challenges for Educators Laurillard, D. (2001). Rethinking University Teaching: A Framework for the Effective Use of Learning Technologies . Routledge Falmer
  22. 22. Practicing Skills <ul><li>This used to mean mostly drill and practice of standard techniques , but now electronic tools can provide a richer experience .... </li></ul><ul><li>Interactive spreadsheets </li></ul><ul><li>Simulations </li></ul><ul><li>Role Play </li></ul><ul><li>Games </li></ul><ul><li>How can we facilitate student learning of skills and techniques with real world application? </li></ul>
  23. 23. Skills: Spreadsheets Example of an Excel based exercise on metal fatigue that runs on a local network at UCT’s Engineering depart.
  24. 24. Skills: Simulations Internet based simulation on chemical reactions and a virtual microscope from Colorado University http://phet.colorado.edu/simulations/sims.php?sim=Reactions_and_Rates
  25. 25. Skills: Simulations Virtual microscope used at University of Delaware
  26. 26. Five Challenges for Educators Laurillard, D. (2001). Rethinking University Teaching: A Framework for the Effective Use of Learning Technologies . Routledge Falmer
  27. 27. Producing <ul><li>Students must be able to produce knowledge in forms such as reports, models, performance or media.... </li></ul><ul><li>The newer tools include collaborative writing environments and specialist production software to support flexibility and creativity </li></ul>
  28. 28. Producing: Wiki
  29. 29. Producing: Specialist Software Often students will need to use specialist software to develop and show professional skills e.g. CAD software for architects, film editing software for Film and Media students in a production stream.
  30. 30. Interaction Summary
  31. 31. Online Learning Environments <ul><li>OLE act as containers/ toolkits/ integrators for many of the electronic tools highlighted </li></ul><ul><li>Learning Management Systems (LMS) / Virtual learning Environments (VLE) </li></ul><ul><li>Institutional choice: proprietary vs. open source? </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- Blackboard (P) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- Kewl (OS) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- Moodle (OS) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  32. 32. Environments: Virtual Worlds In countries with ample bandwidth many universities are starting to use virtual worlds such as Second Life for research and teaching
  33. 34. Next Generation Learning Environment? Ali Jafari, Patricia McGee, and Colleen Carmean, Managing Courses, Defining Learning: What Faculty, Students, and Administrators Want
  34. 35. … and with low or no bandwidth? <ul><li>Everything on the local network – resources, software, online learning environments </li></ul><ul><li>Caching of websites for local use </li></ul><ul><li>CD-Rom/ DVD </li></ul><ul><li>Flash memory including generic (cheap) mp3 players </li></ul><ul><li>Mobile phones </li></ul>
  35. 36. ET Beyond e-Learning <ul><li>Information Systems : It is taken as a ‘given’ that the university is also supported by an electronic information system that provides accurate statistics: </li></ul><ul><li>Admissions </li></ul><ul><li>Student and staff records </li></ul><ul><li>Accounts </li></ul><ul><li>Academic Records </li></ul><ul><li>Library etc. </li></ul>

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