Essay Writing


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Essay Writing

  1. 1. ISFD N° 41 Subject: Language and Written Expression 4 Teacher: Stella Saubidet Topic: Essay Writing Students: Andrea Fares Ana Alonso Year 2013
  2. 2. What is an Essay?What is an Essay?  An organized piece of writing focused on a single topic Around a general idea or thesis   Thesis Statement Develops from all the main ideas in the supporting paragraphs 
  3. 3. LayoutLayout  INTRODUCTION INTRODUCTION  BODY OF THE ESSAY  BODY OF THE ESSAY CONCLUSIONCONCLUSION    • Orientates reader • Focus-purpose • States thesis • Topic Sentences + Supporting ideas + Concluding sentences • Restates thesis • Summarise argument
  4. 4. Why an Essay?Why an Essay?  To express ideas more clearly and effectively  To convey much information in a small amount of space  Essays are required by all college courses
  5. 5. Thesis StatementThesis Statement •Main idea •Generalization •Includes all paragraphs T H E S I S States the: Usually in the fist paragraph Should be JUST RIGHT NEITHER GENERAL NEITHER GENERAL NOR TOO SPECIFIC NOR TOO SPECIFIC
  6. 6. Introductory ParagraphIntroductory Paragraph  Provides the first impressions  Is the reader’s first contact with the topic  Attention getters are very important to call attract the reader. Make a bridge to connect the attention getting sentence (s) to the Thesis Statement CONCLUDE WITH A THESIS STATEMENT
  7. 7. Strategies to get reader’s attentionStrategies to get reader’s attention • Provide some interesting background about the topic • Use quotation to provoke thinking • Ask a question about the topic • State a surprising fact or a puzzling statement • State a common misconception • Describe a problem • Give an analogy • Show how the topic is related to the reader’s experience
  8. 8. Body of an EssayBody of an Essay Set of paragraphs that develop the idea expressed in the Thesis Stateent Main ideas arranged in logical order (time/place/impo rtance)
  9. 9. Writing StageWriting Stage •Begin writing after planning and arranging main ideas •The number of paragraphs will depend on the topic’s complexity •A short essay contains Introduction + 3 to 5 body paragraphs + Concluding paragraph • Use signal words to make smooth transitions
  10. 10. Signal/Transition WordsSignal/Transition Words to avoid abrupt jumps or breaks between ideas. Connecting words or phrases like bridges They link sentences and paragraphs together smoothly
  11. 11. Body ParagraphBody Paragraph  Provide the content  Should be unique  Should be unified around a main idea  Should be arranged coherently
  12. 12. Conclusion of an EssayConclusion of an Essay  Should not add new information  It is usually short (one paragraph)  Should follow logically from the body of the essay PURPOSE: MAKE THE READER THINK BOUT THE TOPIC
  13. 13. Concluding ParagraphConcluding Paragraph
  14. 14. Revising and EditingRevising and Editing Processes that make ideas more logical and understandable Involves rearranging material READING COLLABORATION through Final draft should be neat and as error free as possible
  15. 15. Types of EssaysTypes of Essays Descriptive Use of descriptive language Includes all five senses Narrative Tell a story Contains dialogue Cause and Effect Comparison and Contrast Classification Problem/Solution Persuasive Mixed Pattern Essays
  16. 16. ReferencesReferences