WHAT ARE PRINTS?Prints are a series ofidentical images madeby transferring anoriginal image to ablock, screen, stoneor plate to producemultiples of thatimage.PRINTS AREPRODUCED INLIMITED EDITIONS . A limited edition ofprints is a signed,numbered, hand-printed series ofprints. Only anexclusive numberexist which makes
TYPES OF PRINTS .There are many ways toproduce multiples of animage:INTAGLIO: etching, drypoint,aquatint, etc.LITHOGRAPHY: stone blockresist.SCREEN PRINT: silkscreenor serigraph “stencil”RELIEF PRINTS : woodcut,linocut and softoleum.
INTAGLIOThese prints are madeby scratching andetching images intocopper or zinc plates.The metal is coatedwith bitumen (like tar).The image is scrapedinto this surface.
The plate is immersedin nitric acid which“bites” the lines intothe plate. Ink is rubbedinto the grooves andlines. The paper andinked plate is putthrough a press, whichpushes the paper intothe inked lines.
LITHOGRAPHYThis is a complexmethod ofprintmakinginvolving a largestone block. Theimage is drawndirectly on the stonewith wax crayon.The drawn partsattract the oil-basedink and the wetstone resists theink.
SCREEN PRINTFomerly known assilkscreen and serigraph,screen prints are doneusing a frame stretchedwith a fine meshpolyester. Parts of thescreen are blocked out,others are left open, likea stencil. Ink is pulledthrough the open parts ofthe screen using asqueegee. This method isoften used forcommercial applicationssuch as t-shirt printing.
White spaceis carvedout of theblock.Leavingsome linesvisible addstexture.On blacksurfaces,white linesare used todifferentiatefrom thebackground.Good printsbalancelight and Textures can be created by varying lines, patternsdark areas. and surfaces with the carving tool.