What motivates an english teacher

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What motivates an english teacher

  1. 1. What motivates an English teacher? LEI Adrian Giron Chavez Homecoming 2013 Escuela de Lenguas Campus IV
  2. 2. Content •Motivation in the EFL Classroom • Motivation for Students • Motivation forTeachers •Motivation in EFLTeachers • Motivation to Choose LanguageTeaching (Choice) • Motivation to Persist at LanguageTeaching (Execution) • Motivation to Commit to Language Teaching (Retrospection)
  3. 3. Content •Factors that DemotivateTeacher Motivation • Job Conditions • Working Environment • Students •Tips for GainingTeacher Motivation •Conclusion •Questions and Comments
  4. 4. Motivation in the EFL Classroom • Some kind of internal drive that pushes a person to take actions in order to achieve a goal (Harmer, 2001)
  5. 5. Motivation in the EFL Classroom (Deci & Ryan, 1985)
  6. 6. Motivation in EFL Students • “I like English” • “I want to travel around the world” • “I love the American/British culture” • “I want to understand movies and songs” • “I need English for my career” • “I want to get a good job with a good salary” • “I want to enter the university of my dreams” • “My parents sent me to English class”  INTRINSIC EXTRINSIC 
  7. 7. Motivation in EFLTeachers • “Salary is good” • “I need to work on something” • “I don’t want to forget my English” • “My parents are teachers, too” • “I love teaching” • “I love working with people” • “I want to contribute to society” • “I like English” • “I like to help students” INTEGRATIVE INSTRUMENTRAL (Gardner, 1985)
  8. 8. Motivation in EFLTeachers • Generally speaking, if a teacher is motivated to teach , there is a good chance that his/her students will be motivated to learn” (Dornyei, 2001) • Enthusiasm, commitment, creativity, good rapport (Richards, 2003)
  9. 9. Motivation in EFLTeachers • CHOICE The initial reason why a person decided to teach English (Dornyei, 2001) • Previous successful experience (tutoring) • Fun language learning with past English teachers • Interest in travelling or knowing more about English- speaking cultures • Passion for working with people/teaching/languages • Good salary/plenty of vacations/not a hard job/easy to get a job (Mullock, 2009)
  10. 10. Motivation in EFLTeachers • EXECUTION The satisfaction of being an English teacher; how long a person is willing to persist in the job (Dornyei, 2001) • Choice of career is what was expected • No temptation for other more lucrative and interesting jobs • Working conditions as well as salary are adequate • Peer recognition at work • Successful learning in English students (Mullock, 2009)
  11. 11. Motivation in EFLTeachers • RETROSPECTION The willingness to keep teaching effective (Dornyei, 2001) • A commitment for teacher development and language improvement • A need to solve problems in the English classroom • English students’ acknowledgement of contribution to their professional training (Mullock, 2009)
  12. 12. Factors that Demotivate EFLTeachers • Low Expectational Factors • Contextual Factors • Temporal Factors • Emotional Factors • Personal Factors (Suslu, 2006)
  13. 13. Factors that Demotivate EFLTeachers Job Conditions •The class sizes, the school resources and facilities; •The standard activity structure within the institution; the academic workload •The school’s reward contingencies and feedback system; •The school’s leadership and decision-making structure (Dornyei, 2001)
  14. 14. Factors that Demotivate EFLTeachers Working Environment •The school’s general climate and the existing school norms; •Collegial relations; •The definition of the teacher’s role by colleagues and authorities; (Dornyei, 2001)
  15. 15. Factors that Demotivate EFLTeachers Working Environment •The increased kinds of courses taught •Given too much responsibility •Poor time management skills (Dornyei, 2001)
  16. 16. Factors that Demotivate EFLTeachers Students •The students’ behavior and performance. •Being forced to follow colleagues’ teaching •Having limited freedom in determining the course’s curriculum or following a certain curriculum decided by the school’s administration. (Pelletier et al., 2002)
  17. 17. Tips for EFLTeacher Motivation •Be creative when planning lessons • Fun activities for students and for teachers • Attractive material • Variety of classroom activities • Go beyond the course book • Be resourceful
  18. 18. Tips for EFLTeacher Motivation •Build healthy social relationships • Be friendly to your students • Share knowledge with colleagues • Be professional at work • Do not take comments as personal • Show enthusiasm and optimism at all times
  19. 19. Tips for EFLTeacher Motivation •Keep upgrading • Keep improving your language skills • Identify weaknesses and find solutions • Attend conferences, congresses, workshops • Study a postgraduate degree • Read specialized journals, magazines, books
  20. 20. Tips for EFLTeacher Motivation •Find the best reward of all • Remember why you chose English teaching • Take difficult situations as challenges • Do not expect financial bonus • Enjoy your students’ success • Be inspiring for others
  21. 21. Conclusion •A motivated teacher motivates students to learn •There must be motivation in all 3 phases: choice, execution and retrospection •Adopt the most suitable strategy to gain motivation
  22. 22. References • Deci, E. L. & Ryan, R.M. (1985). Intrinsic motivation and selfdetermination in human behaviour. NewYork: Plenum. • Dörnyei, Z. (2001). Teaching and researching motivation. NewYork: Longman. • Gardner, R. C. (1985). Social psychology and second language learning:The role of attitudes and motivation. London: Edward Arnold. • Harmer, J. (2001). The Practice of English LanguageTeaching. Essex: Longman Press. • Mullock, B. (2009). Motivations and Rewards inTeaching English Overseas. Prospect Journal.Vol. 24. No. 2. University of New South Wales • Pelletiel, L.G. and et al. (2002). Pressure From Above and Pressure From Below as Determinants ofTeachers’ Motivation and Teaching Behaviors. Journal of Education Psychology, 94/1, 186-196. • Richards, J.C. (2003). 30 years ofTEFL/TESL: A personal reflection. Singapore: SEAMEO Regional Language Centre. • Suslu, S. (2006). Motivation of ESLTeachers. The InternetTESL Journal.Vol. XII. No. 1. Hacettepe University, Turkey.
  23. 23. Thank you

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