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open access publishing presentation

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  1. 1. Open Access Publishing<br />
  2. 2. Objectives <br />What Open Access (OA)is<br />Different types of OA<br />OA Journals/Hybrid Journals<br />Institutional Repositories<br />Where you can find OA publications<br />What does it cost? Who pays?<br />Benefits<br />Funders position on OA<br />How to choose a publication<br />Keeping copyright<br />
  3. 3. Current situation<br />Research is publicly funded<br />Personal researchers’ efforts<br />Supported by institutional infrastructure<br />Authors sign away rights in order to publish<br />Given away freely to publishers<br />Publishers make huge profits selling material back<br />Author gets no tangible reward<br />And loses rights to copy material for colleagues, teaching etc…<br />Institution potentially loses out on its investment<br />Economic barriers decrease readership<br />Journals increase in price as purchasing budgets go down<br />
  4. 4. "With annual journal price inflation running at double the rate of RPI since 2000, it has distorted the acquisition policies of libraries, with an ever-increasing proportion of budgets being spent on electronic big deals. This leads to diminishing funds for monographs, textbooks, and journals from smaller publishers, which cannot but damage scholarship and teaching in UKHE.“<br />Phil Sykes, Chair of RLUK and Librarian at Liverpool University, 2010<br />
  5. 5. Serials Crisis<br />Average price rise between 2000 -2004 up to 50%<br />Last 5 years <br />Cambridge University Press – median price rise 26.5%<br />Sage – median price rise 93.5%<br />Elsevier – median price rise 36%<br />Elsevier have the highest priced journals<br />
  6. 6. “Open-access (OA) literature<br /> is digital, online, free of <br /> charge, and free of most<br /> copyright and licensing<br /> restrictions.” <br />Peter Suber<br />
  7. 7. “Open access encourages a wider use of information assets and increases citations”<br />Bill Hubbard, 2005<br />
  8. 8. “By "open access" to this literature, we mean its free availability on the public internet, permitting any users to read, download, copy, distribute, print search, or link to the full texts of these articles, crawl them for indexing, pass them as data to software, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without financial, legal, or technical barriers other than those inseparable from gaining access to theinternet itself.”<br />Budapest Open Access Initiative 2001<br />
  9. 9. 2 Types of Open Access<br /> Green OA <br />Self Archiving - to archive an article on:<br />A personal Web site<br />Blog<br />University Web page<br /> Institutional Repository (IR) or Subject Repository <br /> Gold OA<br />Open Access Journals <br />Journal makes them publicly accessible to all<br />Hybrid Journal – some articles open access <br />
  10. 10. Directory of Open Access Journals<br />DOAJ<br />International<br />6508 Journals<br />509 UK<br />568464 articles<br />164 Public Health <br />441 Medicine<br />114 Sociology<br />56 Epidemiology <br />104 Anthropology<br />
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  14. 14. Gold OA / Paid Open Access<br />Free for users to access<br />Articles are made Open Access on payment of a fee<br />Publication process fee/author pays fee<br />Fee can be waived or reduced<br />Price varies but upwards of £1,500 sometimes a lot more<br />The publisher’s PDF<br />
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  22. 22. Hybrid Journals<br />Not all the articles are OA<br />Only OA if author chooses payment option<br />Various names: sponsorship, author pays, unlocked, open<br />Becoming more widespread<br />Fees upwards of £2000 but sometimes a lot more<br />Help to comply with Funder requirements for OA<br />Will deposit in UKPMC/PMC<br />
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  26. 26. Who pays?<br />You do! or rather your Funders<br />Must include in your grant application a request for open access publishing!<br />Roughly £2000<br />Funders will not pay for colour pages<br />LSHTM does not have separate funds!! Most institutions don’t!<br />
  27. 27. Green OA<br />Self Archiving<br />Institutional Repositories/Subject Repositories<br />180 UK, 2,000 Worldwide<br />Open to all<br />Full text or metadata<br />Author’s manuscript<br />Embargos<br />
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  34. 34. SCENARIOS<br />
  35. 35. Why Institutional Repositories<br />Wider dissemination<br />Greater citations<br />Higher Google rankings<br />Long term availability/preservation<br />Continued format accessibility<br />Accessible to all<br />Control over your research<br />Produce CV’s, profiles<br />Funder compliance<br />LSHTM Repository in new academic year<br />
  36. 36. What do they contain?<br />Articles<br />Conference papers<br />Conference proceedings<br />Theses<br />Book chapters/Books<br />Datasets<br />Audio/video<br />
  37. 37. Why OA?<br />Increase global readership<br />Greater citations – essential for research career<br />Faster and open exchange of ideas, benefits research and society<br />Allows those in low and middle income countries to access research and contribute to research<br />Better chance of long term preservation<br />Dissemination of funded research, government and funders<br />Increases ease for journalists and bloggers to link to articles<br />Allows people/teachers/ librarians to make copies<br />Can build upon research<br />Helps to tackle rising journal prices for libraries and institutions<br />
  38. 38. Funders<br />Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) – OA within 6 months<br />Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) – OA within 6 months<br />Medical Research Council (MRC) – OA within 6 months<br />Wellcome Trust – OA within 6 months<br />Cancer Research – OA within 6 months<br />International Development Research Centre – OA in their archive at earliest opportunity<br />National Institutes of Health NIH – OA within 12 months<br />
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  40. 40. Choosing a publication<br />In application for funding include amount for OA publishing! At least £2000<br />Check what funder requires – subject repository? Institutional repository? time<br />Check journals position on OA – using Sherpa Romeo<br />Ideally an OA journal (DOAJ)<br />If not choose a journal with an OA option<br />Tick OA option<br />Send invoice to funder, OA officer<br />If in doubt contact Library<br />
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  44. 44. License to publish <br />Retain your COPYRIGHT!!!<br />Give publishers a license to publish<br />SPARC addendum<br />Allows publishers to publish and reap rewards allows you to decide how you want to distribute your article in a non commercial way<br />If in doubt contact Library!<br />
  45. 45. OA Tips<br />Keep and save electronic copies of your publications<br />Early versions as well as final<br />DO read and submit to Open Access journals<br />DO use the SHERPA Websites<br />DO contact the Library/Repository<br />DO keep your copyright!<br />
  46. 46. OA Survey <br />Unlocking attitudes to Open Access<br />National Survey until 30th June<br /><br />Library blog<br />
  47. 47. Contact<br />Andrew Gray<br />Room 169a in Library, Monday to Wednesday<br /><br />020 7598 8193<br />
  48. 48. Links <br />Directory of Open Access Journals<br />UK Pub Med (UKPMC)<br />Research Councils UK<br />Sherpa Juliet<br />Sherpa Romeo<br />OpenDoar<br />Library Open Access pages<br />
  49. 49. TRUE OR FALSE?<br />