Consolidation of medical emergencies in the dental practice

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Consolidation of medical emergencies in the dental practice

  1. 1.  As you know every dental practice must annually undertake CPR training in the workplace Itis a compulsory component of CPD required by the GDC
  2. 2.  UNCONCIOUSNESS ABNORMAL OR ABSENT BREATHING
  3. 3.  The individual is unresponsive to all stimuli The heart may have stopped beating Cardiac arrest The brain becomes starved of O2
  4. 4.  Noisy gasps intermittently Possible obstruction Reduction in O2 Skin colour – pallor from pink – blue, grey This is called HYPOXIA
  5. 5.  Discuss this in your group
  6. 6.  Kneel at one side of the patient Straighten out arms and legs Move their nearest arm out at a right angle and bend it up at the elbow Gently pull their other arm and furthest leg towards you, the patient should now be rolling towards you Place the furthest hand against the side of the face Continue to roll them towards you by pulling the furthest leg until their knee touches the ground Keep their hand against their face so that their head rolls onto it Ensure airway open by tilting the head backwards Adjust the bent leg to stabilise the recovery position
  7. 7.  FLUSH EYE OUT WITH WATER USING EYE BATH GET VICTIM TO BLINK RAPIDLY DRAW EYELIDS AWAY FROM EYES CONTINUOUSLY FLUSH FOR SEVERAL MINUTES LIGHTLY COVER EYE WITH PAD AND TAPE TAKE TO DOCTOR OR HOSPITAL
  8. 8.  THIS CAN BE AN INJURY MADE WITH ANY SHARP INSTRUMENT, NOT JUST A NEEDLE STOP IMMEDIATELY WASH SKIN WITH DISINFECTANT RUN UNDER TAP WITH WATER AND ENCOURAGE BLEEDING DRY AREA AND COVER WITH WATERPROOF DRESSING TAKE DETAILS OF PATIENT WORKING ON AND MEDICAL HISTORY CONTACT OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH NURSE FOR
  9. 9.  Natural occurrence post extraction Blood clot forms while patient bites on gauze pack Five- ten minutes firm pressure allows this stage of the prevention of infection and healing stage
  10. 10.  Thisoccurs when the patient “has done an action to promote bleeding” Running for the bus home Going to the gym – strenuous exercise Poking with a dirty finger Rinsing vigorously within 24hrs
  11. 11.  Around 3-4 days post extraction Blood clot has been dislodged A difficult extraction Not looked after the socket Infection/pain/swelling Treatment of dry socket is required What would this involve?
  12. 12. WRITE FACTS ABOUT; Faint Myocardial infarction Anaphylaxis Angina Epilepsy Hypoglycemia Asthma Dental Haemorrhage

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