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Interesting things about alcohol and other drugs - July 2016

Andrew Brown
Andrew Brown
Andrew BrownSubstance Misuse Policy Manager at MEAM coalition

One in a regular series of slides on interesting data about alcohol and other drugs (and issues to do with multiple needs) from a UK perspective

Interesting things about alcohol and other drugs - July 2016

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Interesting things about
alcohol and other drugs
July 2016
ANDREW BROWN
@ANDREWBROWN365
Deaths in custody in England and Wales per
1,000 prisoners
0.0
0.5
1.0
1.5
2.0
Mar
07
Mar
08
Mar
09
Mar
10
Mar
11
Mar
12
Mar
13
Mar
14
Mar
15
Mar
16
12 months ending
Self-inflicted Natural Causes
In the 12 months to March
2016 there were 290 deaths
in prison custody, an
increase of 51 compared to
the same period of 2015.
This is a rate of 3.4 deaths
per 1,000 prisoners, up from
2.8 in the previous 12 month
period
Source: Safety in custody statistics (MoJ)
Price per unit of alcohol in Scotland and England
& Wales, by trade sector, 2000-2015
0.00
0.50
1.00
1.50
2.00
2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Priceperunit(£)
E&W - On-trade Scotland - On-trade E&W - Combined
Scotland - Combined E&W - Off-trade Scotland - Off-trade
Source: MESAS alcohol sales and price update May 2016
More than one third (36%) of the volume of alcohol sold
in the off-trade (excluding discount retailers) in England
& Wales in 2015 was at below 45 pence a unit of
alcohol.
0%
2%
4%
6%
8%
10%
12%
14%
16%
18%
20%
Under
30 p
30 -
34
35 -
39
40 -
44
45 -
49
50 -
54
55 -
59
60 -
64
65 -
69
70 -
74
75 -
79
80 -
84
85up
Source: MESAS alcohol sales and price update May 2016
Off licences in England and
Wales sold 265.8 million litres
of pure alcohol in 2015
Over half (54%) of strong ciders sold in the off-
trade (excluding discount retailers) in England and
Wales in 2015 were sold at below 20 pence a unit
0%
10%
20%
30%
40%
50%
60%
Under
20p
20 - 24 25 - 29 30 - 34 35 - 39 40 - 44 45 - 49 50 - 54 55 - 59 60 - 64
There were 3.6 million litres of pure
alcohol classified as strong ciders
sold in the off-trade (excluding
discount retailers) in England and
Wales in 2015
Source: MESAS alcohol sales and price update May 2016
Use of drugs in prison
0%
10%
20%
30%
40%
50%
60%
Used in last
month
Once or
twice
Once a
week
2-3 times a
week
Almost daily
Spice Hooch Cannabis Heroin substitutes Heroin “Frequency of use was
high. Almost half of those
who admitted using spice
said they used it daily.
This was the same for
those using heroin
substitutes, but less with
other drugs. Around a
quarter of hooch and
cannabis users took their
drug of choice daily and
four in ten used heroin
daily which represents a
huge change to drug
culture, and therefore to
the services needed by
prisoners.”
Of those using in the last month
Source: Spice: The Bird Killer. What Prisoners Think About The Use Of Spice And Other Legal Highs In Prison
Ad

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Interesting things about alcohol and other drugs - July 2016

  • 1. Interesting things about alcohol and other drugs July 2016 ANDREW BROWN @ANDREWBROWN365
  • 2. Deaths in custody in England and Wales per 1,000 prisoners 0.0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 Mar 07 Mar 08 Mar 09 Mar 10 Mar 11 Mar 12 Mar 13 Mar 14 Mar 15 Mar 16 12 months ending Self-inflicted Natural Causes In the 12 months to March 2016 there were 290 deaths in prison custody, an increase of 51 compared to the same period of 2015. This is a rate of 3.4 deaths per 1,000 prisoners, up from 2.8 in the previous 12 month period Source: Safety in custody statistics (MoJ)
  • 3. Price per unit of alcohol in Scotland and England & Wales, by trade sector, 2000-2015 0.00 0.50 1.00 1.50 2.00 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 Priceperunit(£) E&W - On-trade Scotland - On-trade E&W - Combined Scotland - Combined E&W - Off-trade Scotland - Off-trade Source: MESAS alcohol sales and price update May 2016
  • 4. More than one third (36%) of the volume of alcohol sold in the off-trade (excluding discount retailers) in England & Wales in 2015 was at below 45 pence a unit of alcohol. 0% 2% 4% 6% 8% 10% 12% 14% 16% 18% 20% Under 30 p 30 - 34 35 - 39 40 - 44 45 - 49 50 - 54 55 - 59 60 - 64 65 - 69 70 - 74 75 - 79 80 - 84 85up Source: MESAS alcohol sales and price update May 2016 Off licences in England and Wales sold 265.8 million litres of pure alcohol in 2015
  • 5. Over half (54%) of strong ciders sold in the off- trade (excluding discount retailers) in England and Wales in 2015 were sold at below 20 pence a unit 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% Under 20p 20 - 24 25 - 29 30 - 34 35 - 39 40 - 44 45 - 49 50 - 54 55 - 59 60 - 64 There were 3.6 million litres of pure alcohol classified as strong ciders sold in the off-trade (excluding discount retailers) in England and Wales in 2015 Source: MESAS alcohol sales and price update May 2016
  • 6. Use of drugs in prison 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% Used in last month Once or twice Once a week 2-3 times a week Almost daily Spice Hooch Cannabis Heroin substitutes Heroin “Frequency of use was high. Almost half of those who admitted using spice said they used it daily. This was the same for those using heroin substitutes, but less with other drugs. Around a quarter of hooch and cannabis users took their drug of choice daily and four in ten used heroin daily which represents a huge change to drug culture, and therefore to the services needed by prisoners.” Of those using in the last month Source: Spice: The Bird Killer. What Prisoners Think About The Use Of Spice And Other Legal Highs In Prison
  • 7. Attributing the impact of sexual abuse in childhood to problems in adult live in England 11% 7% 10% 15% 17% 0% 2% 4% 6% 8% 10% 12% 14% 16% 18% Common mental disorders Alcohol dependence disorders Drug use disorders Eating disorders Post-traumatic stress disorders Source: Transforming mental health services for children who have experienced abuse (NSPCC)
  • 8. Number of attendances reported at Injecting Equipment Provision outlets in Scotland; 2007/08 - 2014/15 242,584 251,349 263,424 234,127 219,384 213,098 226,056 328,329 - 50,000 100,000 150,000 200,000 250,000 300,000 350,000 • In 2014/15, 288 outlets in Scotland provided injecting equipment. Three in four of these outlets were located in pharmacies. • Approximately 330,000 attendances were reported by injecting equipment outlets an increase of 45% on the previous year. • Approximately 4.4 million needles/syringes were distributed by participating outlets. • Nationally, 71 needles/syringes were distributed per problem drug user. Source: Injecting Equipment Provision in Scotland 2014/15
  • 9. Rates of needles/syringes distributed per injecting drug user in Scotland 80 79 79 76 66 65 62 71 - 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 2007 - 08 2008 - 09 2009 - 10 2010 - 11 2011 - 12 2012 - 13 2013 - 14 2014 - 15 Source: Injecting Equipment Provision in Scotland 2014/15
  • 10. Global trends in the estimated number of people with drug dependency conditions 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 Miliions Source: World Drug Report, UNDOC (2016) “According to global estimates, nearly one in six people with drug use disorders access treatment services each year.” “People who develop dependence and become affected by drug use disorders are those who account for the vast majority of negative health consequences among people who use drugs. UNODC estimates that, as of 2014, out of a quarter of a billion past-year drug users, more than 29 million had a drug use disorder.”
  • 11. Standardised Years of Life Lost due to Drug Use Disorders per 100,000 of population 409.4 231.3 0.0 50.0 100.0 150.0 200.0 250.0 300.0 350.0 400.0 450.0 Male Female Source: Avoidable mortality in England and Wales: 2014 ONS
  • 12. Number of deaths from alcohol related diseases in England and Wales in 2014 by sex and age group 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 05-09 10-14 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60-64 65-69 70-74 Male Female Source: Avoidable mortality in England and Wales: 2014 ONS
  • 13. Positive response to question of whether you know anyone who does this… 6% 12% 19% 38% 38% 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% 40% Drive after taking Class A drugs Drive after smoking cannabis Drive when over the legal alcohol limit Drive when unsure if over legal alcohol limit Drive after drinking two pints Source: THINK! Road Safety Biennial Survey Drink Driving While the vast majority of people agree that it is dangerous and unacceptable to drive when over the legal alcohol limit or when unsure, the level of agreement has fallen in 2015. Drug Driving This is a minority behaviour, with very few respondents saying that they ever drive after taking Class A drugs or cannabis. Despite this, there is a significant increase in those stating that they know someone who ever drives after using cannabis. This has been accompanied by significant decreases in the number of those thinking that these actions are dangerous and unacceptable, although the vast majority still agree.