What is Net Neutrality? Net neutrality essentially levels the playing field for commercial websites, ensuring that a small online bookstore can still receive visitors, even if sites such as Amazon.com or Barnes&Noble.com are statistically more popular. http://www.wisegeek.com/what-is-net- neutrality.htm
Its Origins Control of this idea started with the idea that information could be passed within a wire. The Internet was not legally available for commercial use. It became available in the late 1980’s In the late 90’s to early 2000’s companys began to put a price on the speed at which you are connected to the world wide web
For Neutrality Companies such as AARP, Free Press, Consumer Federation of America, American Library Association, Gun Owners of America, Public Knowledge, and Tim Berners-Lee ( the inventor of the World Wide Web) are all for the web to be set free for all
Against NeutralityCompanies whooppose this NetNeutrality are AT&T,Verizon, Time WarnerCable, Alcatel, 3M,Citizens AgainstGovernment Waste,and Hands Off theInternet. They alldisagree with the netbeing free to all whoso desire this.
Issues for Both Sides ForThese groups suggest that Againstit is supported so that no They suggest that netlarge group organizations neutrality is anor corporations can go unrealistic goal, sinceand control what is filtered other networkout. This allows mom and systems are alreadypop size companies to controlled by theirhave just as much space largest contributorsand rights as the larger and are still able toforces on the internet function fairly. VS
Scales Pro’s of Net Neutrality Con’s Of Net Neutrality -Provides A competitive - Privacy invasion and market Censorship -With competition, services - Can not sabotage become better to out due the other rivals and block others their content - Show that other sites -Eliminate Monopolys from and companies still the internet show today their -Eliminate illegal activities competition with out from the internethttp://www.buzzle.com/articles/net- any issuesneutrality-pros-and-cons.html
Republicans DemocratsAgainst Net Neutrality as For Net Neutrality as aa party partyHave voted in favor of Have voted in favor ofthis in the past couple this to keep the webbills that have gone open to all users whothrough the house search through their internet providers http://www.savetheinterne t.com/blog/11/03/10/hous e-goes-nuts-over-net- neutrality
PIPA & SOPA PIPA-Protect IP Act SOPA -Stop Online Privacy ACTA proposed law (not inaction) A proposed law (not in action)That gives the governmentaccess to curve the access expand the ability of U.S.to "rogue websites law enforcement to fightdedicated to infringing or online trafficking incounterfeit goods“ copyrighted, intellectual property, and counterfeit goodsBoth provide Gov.intervention and passcontrol to them
FCC & Net NeutralityThe FCC is the one who has come up with the “rules” There are three rules that have been createdi) Transparency. Fixed and mobile broadband providers must disclose thenetwork management practices, performance characteristics, and termsand conditions of their broadband servicesii) No blocking. Fixed broadband providers may not block lawful content,applications, services, or non-harmful devices; mobile broadbandproviders may not block lawful Web sites, or block applications thatcompete with their voice or video telephony servicesiii) No unreasonable discrimination. Fixed broadband providers may notunreasonably discriminate in transmitting lawful network traffic. http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2011-09-23/html/2011-24259.htm
The rules simplifiedi) Add transparency to how broadband providers--both wired and wireless--manage networks.ii) Prohibit wired broadband providers from blocking lawfulcontent, applications, services, and non-harmful devices. Wirelessproviders are also barred from blocking lawful websites orapplications that compete with voice or video servicesiii) Forbid wired broadband providers from discriminating in the transmission of lawful network traffic.http://www.pcworld.com/article/240505/fcc_publishes_net_neutrality_rules.html
National Science Foundation (NSF)“The National Science Foundation (NSF) is a United States governmentagency that supports fundamental research and education in all the non- medical fields of science and engineering”- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Science_Foundation NSF relationship with the Internet. 1950 - May 10: After three more years of debate, Congress passes and President Harry S. Truman signs Public Law 81-507, creating the National Science Foundation. 1981 - January 29: NSF announces the establishment of CSNET, a computer- based communications network and a major step along the path to the Internet. 1987 - November 24: NSF announces the awarding of the NSFNET Cooperative Agreement to Merit, IBM and MCI. With additional support from the State of Michigan, the cooperative agreement will result in the building of a new, high-speed NSFNET backbone, the foundation for the INTERNET. http://www.nsf.gov/about/history/timeline00s.jsp#2000s
HTML-5HTML 5 is the next generation of Hypertext Markup Language that ismore based on the ”broader goal to describe the content, styling andapplication interfaces behind a Web page when its loaded in yourbrowser.” http://computer.howstuffworks.com/html-five1.htm HTML- 1989 HTML 2-1995 HTML 3.2-1997 HTML 4- 1998
Internet 2 In the simplest form Internet 2 is the newest form of connected networks that will have faster speeds and more bandwidth.“The Internet2 Network is a dynamic, innovative and cost-effectivehybrid optical and packet network designed to deliver to the researchand education community next-generation production services as wellas a development platform for new networking ideas and protocols.With a community-owned infrastructure, the Internet2 Network providesthe scalability member institutions need to efficiently manage resourcesand meet bandwidth-intensive requirements ranging from collaborativeapplications like videoconferencing to global-scale distributed research,from grid-based data analysis to social networking.http://www.internet2.edu/network/
“Peering” “In computer networking, peering is a voluntary interconnection of administratively separate Internet networks for the purpose of exchanging traffic between the customers of each network.” http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PeeringUsing Border Gateway Protocol , peering allows“sharing” of data from one network to the next. Benefits of “peering” 1) Increased redundancy 2) Increased capacity 3) Increased Routing control 4) Improved performance
Public “peering” & Private “peering”Public Peering is Private peering is thethe shared same idea as publicconnections of peering (connectionsmultiple networks at of multiple networks at VSnetwork access access points) but arepoints or exchange different in that theypoints where usually are between 2information and large networks whoconnection is have agreed to “workshared freely, together” for eachusually with no or others benefit.little cost ($).
Net Neutrality & its Effect on E-Commerce“Pro” for net Neutrality “Cons” for net Neutrality•Doesn’t allow •Providers loose possibleproviders to charge revenue source.to use parts ofinternet •Grey area activities will possible become illegal.•Cleanses the (music downloading,internet of illegal movies, ect)activity. •Increased competition•Protects might possible lead tocopyrighted material “price wars”
Our PositionWe believe that the government should step in to create laws and“police” the internet for acts that are blatantly illegal and wrong. Wedo however feel that should be the end of government mandating aswe feel the internet should be “free” in the sense of how people stayconnected or use the internets resources. In relation to the FCC’srules, we feel they are creating a good groundwork to fight theemerging illegal content that is appearing on the internet that createsa unlevel playing field for established companies working outside theinternet. Specifically we believe rule ii is “right on the money” in how itblocks internet providers to block the internet in ways that might“compete with their voice or video telephony services”.