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Rail station passenger congestion: Thinking outside the station


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Presentation for 2015 TRB Annual Meeting. Describes strategies for addressing passenger congestion in rail stations.

Published in: Engineering
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Rail station passenger congestion: Thinking outside the station

  1. 1. Rail Station Passenger Congestion – the Good, the Bad and the Ugly Andrew  Nash     TRB  Annual  Mee<ng  2015   Workshop  194:  Rail  Sta<on  Conges<on   Management  and  Capacity  Expansion   January  11,  2015  
  2. 2. Victoria  Sta<on  London      (photo:  Leonie  di  Vienna  on  Flickr)  
  3. 3. St  Pancras  Sta<on  London  
  4. 4. People  __________   Space  
  5. 5. People  __________   Space   Too many Too little
  6. 6. (1)   Shrink  the   passengers  
  7. 7. (2)   Increase  the   space.  
  8. 8. Gent  Sint  Pieters  Sta<on  
  9. 9. Antwerp  Central  Sta<on  
  10. 10. Vienna  Hauptbahnhof  
  11. 11. U-­‐4  Budapest  
  12. 12. (1)  Shrink  passengers  
  13. 13. Reduce  the  )me  passengers  spend  in   sta)ons  during  crowded  periods.  
  14. 14. Think  outside  the  box  
  15. 15. Think  outside  the  box   Station
  16. 16.   Trip  Planning       Allow  passengers   to  choose  trains   based  on:     •  Expected  demand   •  Peak  pricing     SBB  Travel  Planner  –  
  17. 17.   On-­‐line  Ticke<ng     •  Reduce  <me   passengers  spend   in  sta<ons.   •  Reduce  space   needed  for     selling  <ckets.­‐  
  18. 18. Informa<on  Apps     •  Enable  passengers  to   arrive  “just  in  <me”   for  their  trains.   •  Can  you  encourage   passengers  to  wait   at  Starbucks?     Qando  applicaCon  -­‐  Vienna  
  19. 19. Ques<ons     •  Common  info  apps?   •  Common  <cke<ng  apps?   •  Apps  +  real  incen<ves?   •  Sta<on  wifi  (roaming)?       SBB  mobile  app  –  also   shows  expected  crowding.  
  20. 20. Games     Influence  behaviour     …  shic  passengers  to   less  crowded  sta<ons?     …  link  to  exercise  apps?     Chromaroma  (London)   hHp://  
  21. 21.   Schedule     • Does  your  schedule   encourage  passengers   to  wait  in  sta<ons?   • Direct  trains  or   transfers?  
  22. 22. Control     Can  you  meter  the   number  of  passengers   using  your  sta<on?              Wiener  Linien    U2  StaCon  Stadion   Austrian  InsCtute  of  Technology  
  23. 23. (2)  Increase  space  
  24. 24. (2)  Increase            space   effective
  25. 25. Analysis                 TRB:  Transit  Capacity  and   Quality  of  Service  Manual   Part  7  –  Stop,  StaCon,  and   Terminal  Capacity  
  26. 26. SimulaCon  slide   Pedestrian  Simula<on  Programs  (example)  
  27. 27. Effec<ve  space   •  Eliminate  boflenecks   •  Op<mize  furniture   •  Remove  unnecessary   items   SBB  Bern  Hauptbahnhof  
  28. 28. Plahorm  screens  increase  effec<ve  space.     London  Bridge  staCon  (photo:  Chris  Sampson,  on  Flickr)  
  29. 29. Channelling  pedestrians  (good?  Bad?).     Budapest  Metro  transfer  corridor  
  30. 30. Escalators  move  passengers  off  plahorms.     Zurich  HB  Lowenstrasse  StaCon  –  three  are  beHer  than  two!  
  31. 31. Befer  escalators:   •  walk  right   •  maintenance   •  ramps     Zurich,  Vienna,  Vitoria-­‐Gasteiz  
  32. 32. Extra  exits  encourage  passengers  to   s p r e a d   o u t  on  the  plahorm.     Bern  Hauptbahnhof:  new  exit  built  as  part  of  Bahn2000  program.  
  33. 33. Trade-­‐off:  Spending  money  in  sta<ons  can  …   …  save  money  on  the  network.     SMA+  Partner:  impact  of  increased  staCon  dwell  Cme  on  Takahrplan.  
  34. 34. Trade-­‐off:  Through  sta<ons  reduce  passenger   conges<on  and  significantly  improve  service.     Malmo  Sweden:  Citytunneln  Project  
  35. 35. Trade-­‐off:  sta<ons  as  shopping  centres:  revenue   versus  more  conges<on?     Leipzig  Hauptbahnhof  (photo:  pilot_micha  flickr)  
  36. 36. People  __________   Space   Time Spend Effective
  37. 37. Andrew  Nash  helps  clients  design  and  manage   innovaCve  public  transport,  railway,  urban   planning  and  acCve  transport  projects.  Current   work  includes  (using   informaCon  technology  for  beHer  public   parCcipaCon),  open  source  railway  dispatching   applicaCons,  public  transport  planning  and   acCve  transport  projects.  See   for  details  and  contact  informaCon.