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Civic Technology and Mind Sets in Big Data



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Civic Technology and Mind Sets in Big Data

  1. 1. Civic Technology and Mind Sets in Big Data Andrew  Nash     Mind  Sets  Project   Barcelona  Workshop   October  29,  2015    
  2. 2. Outline   •  Civic  Technology   •  Repor1ng   •  Analysis   •  Collabora1on   •  Ac1on   •  Outlook  
  3. 3. Civic   Technology  
  4. 4. Civic  technology  is  technology  that  enables  engagement   or  par1cipa1on  of  the  public  for  good  development,   enhancing  ci1zen  communica1ons,  improving   government  infrastructure,  or  generally  making  na1onal   and  local  governments  more  effec1ve.*     Data  is  the  fundamental  ingredient  in  civic  technology.       *Source:  hDps://  
  5. 5. Repor:ng  
  6. 6. CollecGng  data  is  simple  and  ubiquitous   •  Social  media   •  Repor1ng  applica1ons   •  Sensor  data  (automa1c,  e.g.  from  phone)   …  this  is  what  we  are  talking  about  when  we   discuss  “Big  Data”…  and  it  means  lots  more   people  are  involved!  
  7. 7. Chicago  Transit  Authority  –  TwiLer  Feed  
  8. 8. Zurich  Public  Transport  Authority  –  Facebook  Page  
  9. 9. SeeClickFix  page  for  San  Francisco                  hDp://    
  10. 10. Meine  Radspur,  Vienna          hDp://     Tracking  via  sensor  –  in  your  smart  phone.  
  11. 11. Sensor-­‐based  data:  Street  Bump,  Boston          hDp://   Find  and  report  Potholes  using   smart  phone  accelerometer  sensor.  
  12. 12. Analysis  
  13. 13. •  (Smart)  city  data;   •  Applica1on  data  (e.g.  Waze);   •  Ci1zen  data  (cheap  sensors).   …  vastly  improved  compu2ng  enables  transport   agencies  –  and  “anyone”  else  –  to  analyze  countless   scenarios  and  develop  precise  transport  plans.   *  So  easy  anyone  could  do  it  (open  data)!   Analyzing  all  this  data  is  easy*  
  14. 14. CiGzen  developed  applicaGons  and  visualizaGons  from  open  data.   Stumble  Safely,  Washington  D.C.   Open  data  mash-­‐ups.   Hackathons.  
  15. 15. WayCount  vehicle  counter  and  soXware     Your  own  personal  traffic  counter.   Cost:  200  Euros.  
  16. 16. Smart  CiGzen  sensor  and  soXware    hDp://     Your  own  personal  weather   and  environmental  sensor.  
  17. 17. Personal  sensor  data  available  on   the  Internet  for  all  to  analyse.  
  18. 18. Design  
  19. 19. •  Educa1on  –  transport  planning  is  complex;   •  BeDer  processes  –  mee1ng  management;   •  Increased  engagement  –  more  is  beDer.   …  improving  the  quality  of  ideas,  increasing  the   ability  to  implement  and  test  new  ideas,  and   helping  build  community  spirit.   CollaboraGon  is  becoming  more  efficient  
  20. 20. Bus  Meister  game  !  –  Fun  !  Learning  
  21. 21. Ring  Ride  game  !  –  Fun  !  Advocacy  
  22. 22.  …  Facebook-­‐based  collaboraGon  
  23. 23. VisualizaGon  ...  Par1cipatory  Chinatown  Boston       Using  virtual  reality  to  help  understand  city  planning.   hDp://    
  24. 24. VisualisaGon  of  street  cross  secGons...  streetmix     hDp://  
  25. 25. San  Francisco  Mind  Mixer  website          
  26. 26. Loomio  –  public  infrastructure  for  collaboraGve  decision  making  -­‐  please  support  their  crowd  funding  effort!  
  27. 27. Provide  
  28. 28. Providing  transport  is  becoming  open   •  Informa1on  via  social  networks  (TwiDer  real  1me);   •  Implementa1on  via  civic  groups  (596  Acres,  Casserole);   •  Behaviour  modifica1on  (Chromaroma,  Walk-­‐a-­‐Stop);   •  Crowd-­‐sourced  civic  works  (Spacehive,  Kickstarter);   •  Service  providers  &  sharing  (Uber,  BlahBlahCar,  Bridj).   …  reducing  the  need  for  centralized  transport  planning   and  service  provision.  
  29. 29. InformaGon  exchange  and  organisaGon  …  596  Acres  
  30. 30. Designing  passionate,  people-­‐powered  public   services     Casserole  is  an  example  of  how  understanding  ci:zens  as  producers   as  well  as  consumers  leads  to  services  that  help  communi1es  turn   the  issues  they’re  passionate  about  into  ways  to  be  more  self-­‐ sufficient  and  less  invested  in  expensive  public  services.    
  31. 31. Chromaroma  game  !  Fun  !  Influence  behaviour  
  32. 32. Walk-­‐a-­‐Stop  !  Info  +  Social  Network  !  Influence  behaviour   Human  is  an  all-­‐day  ac1vity  &  calorie  tracker   that  inspires  you  to  move  30  minutes  a  day.   AcGvity  monitor  (e.g.,  Human)   +   Public  transport  travel  planner   +   Real  Gme  transport  data  (official  /  user)   +   Social  networking   =   Walk-­‐a-­‐Stop   Users  receive  push  data  when  sta1ons  are  crowded   sugges1ng  they  walk  or  bike  one  or  two  sta1ons.  Ac1vity  is   rewarded  (transit  1ckets),  social  networking  provides  info   about  good  routes,  interes1ng  shops,  companions  to  walk   with,  and/or  system  suggests,  It’s  a  nice  day  why  not  walk?  
  33. 33. Crowdfunding  for  civic  improvements  …  Kickstarter  
  34. 34. App-­‐based  public  transport  
  35. 35. Uber   “One  of  the  most  subtle  underlying  issues  with  the  rise  of  Uber  is  the   company’s  slow  siphoning  of  the  poliGcal  will  to  fix  exis1ng  –  or  build   new  –  public  transit  infrastructure  in  major  ci1es.  …  The  people  lee   riding  public  transit  become,  increasingly,  the  ones  with  liDle  or  no   poli1cal  weight  to  demand  improvements  to  the  system.”  MaD   Buchanan,  The  Awl,  hDp://  
  36. 36. Outlook  
  37. 37. The  dilemma:   How  can  these  technological  improvements  and   new  services  be  harnessed  for  the  public  good?   •  Public-­‐private  partnerships?   •  Strong  public  benefit  requirements?   •  Privacy  requirements  and  data  ownership?   •  Role  of  the  market?  
  38. 38. So,  back  to  the  dilemma:       How  can  these  technological  improvements  and   new  services  be  harnessed  for  the  public  good?  
  39. 39. Andrew  Nash  develops  engaging  public   par1cipa1on  applica1ons  and  games  designed   to  improve  city  live-­‐ability  and  transport.     •   •   •