Mr. Taylor | @teamHISTORY
Which Allied nation could
the Central Powers not
invade by land?
Why might Russia have
struggled to obtain
resources from its allies?
Which alliance may have
had the worse position
geographically in the war?
nationalism imperialism militarism
alliance
system
1914:
Shot Rings
Throughout
Europe
 Russian troops to
borders with
Austria/Germany
 Germany declares
war on
Russia, attacks
France
 Great Britain
declares...
Central
Powers:
Germany &
Austria-Hungary
Allied Powers:
Britain, France &
Russia
Russia’s war effort suffering
by 1916
many casualties, few supplies
Huge size of Russian army
keeps it formidable
 Germany seeks to
control Atlantic to
stop supplies to
Britain
 unrestricted
submarine
warfare
 Sinking of
Lusitania an...
1. What did Germany want
Mexico to do?
a) Begin unrestricted submarine
warfare?
b) Distract the United States with a
borde...
 U.S. declares war
against Germany
in April 1917
 Total war —
devote all resources
to war
 Governments take
control of economy
 Nations turn to
rationing —
limiting pur...
 At
home, thousands
of women fill jobs
previously held
by men
 Many women also
war nurses
Russia Withdraws
 Civil unrest forces czar
to step down in 1917
 Communists take
control
 Russia  treaty with
Germany,...
Treaty of Versailles creates feelings of bitterness on both sides
German people feel bitter and betrayed after taking blam...
militarism
(a) the battlefields of northern France in
World War I
Western Front
(b) system in which a government limits
th...
Lenin
WWI shows
Russia’s
weakness,
Czar steps
down
Bolsheviks in
power, sign
treaty with
Germany;
Russia out of
World War I
Lenin: land to
peasants,
workers
control
3-year civil
war leaves 14
million dead
Russian, Fren
ch
Revolutions
both attempt...
Police Terror
Indoctrination
Propaganda and Censorship
Religious or Ethnic
Persecution
Nationalists: nationalism, democracy, economic security
Emperor Nationalists Communists
Peasants not
impressed
Reading: Mao Zedong
 British promise steps to self-government in return
for WWI service. After war, no changes; resentment
 1935: England
gives India self-rule
 Does nothing to
calm rising tension
between Muslims
and Hindus
Mr. Taylor
World History
Between Wars
Russia
• Stalin
• Purge
• Five-year
plans Germany
• War debts
(reparation)
UnitedStates
• Isolationism
Secret
Agreement
Non-
aggression
pact:
Germans,
Soviets agree
not to fight
each other,
to split Poland
Blitzkrieg
Communism – sort of
 Five year plan
 The Great Purge:
under Joseph Stalin,
tens of millions of
ordinary individuals
were...
German forces
trap
British, French
on coast at
Dunkirk
Winston
Churchill:
Becomes British
prime minister,
vows no
surrende...
Hitler Invades
Soviet Union
After taking
Yugoslavia, Greece
, Hitler betrays
Stalin
Germany
invades an
unprepared
Soviet U...
 Roosevelt fears
that if allies
fall, U.S. would
have to fight
 Lend-Lease Act
— U.S. loans
weapons to
countries fightin...
Infamy
Japan attacks
Pearl
Harbor
, U.S. naval
base in
Hawaii, on
Dec. 7, 1941
 In 1941 Roosevelt cuts off oil
shipments to Japan
 Japan captures American Philippines,
British holdings, including Hon...
 New kind of naval
warfare — ships launch
planes to fight each
other
 Douglas MacArthur
— American army
commander in Pac...
Axis
• Italy
• Japan
• Germany
Allies
• Britain
• Soviet Union
• United States
Nazis kill 6 million Jews and 5 million other “non-Arayans”
 “Our strength consists in our speed and
in our brutality. Genghis Khan led
millions of women and children to
slaughter -...
I have issued the command - and I’ll have
anybody who utters but one word of criticism
executed by a firing squad - that o...
Who, after all, speaks today of the
annihilation of the Armenians?”
Adolf Hitler August 22, 1939
Quoted from a speech deli...
 Hitler and Nazis say
Aryans — Germanic
peoples — are “master
race”
 Kristallnacht—
“night of broken glass,”
Nov. 9, 193...
 Fearing
violence, many
German Jews
flee, but other
countries limit
Jewish refugees
Isolation
 Hitler has all Jews
moved...
 Hitler’s final plan
for treatment of
Jews
 Chooses
genocide —
systematic killing
of an entire
people
 Russia joins eff...
Death camps not in
Germany, kept secret
from German citizens
Reading: “Night”
 Use your notes to write a paragraph
describing Nazi Germany’s policy
towards Jewish people.
 Include the following term...
World War II
European Theater
Prelude & November 1942-May 1945
 Africa: Allied resistance starts in
Africa, British against Germany & Italy
 The Battle for Stalingrad: Germany
moves t...
 Fighting the war requires
complete use of all
national resources
 18 million U.S. workers —
many of them women —
make w...
The D-Day
Invasion
D-Day —
June 6, 1944;
day of
“Operation
Overlord”
allied
invasion of
France
Special Invasion
(1944)
In 1943 the tide of the
war had turned against
Germany. The Germans
were losing ground
against the...
 By 1945, Allied armies
approach Germany from
two sides
 Soviets surround Berlin in
April 1945
 Hitler commits suicide
...
 U.S. takes Philippines in late 1944
 Kamikazes: Japanese pilots who fly
suicide missions
 In March 1945, American forc...
 Advisors warn Truman that invasion
of Japan will cost many lives
 He has alternative; powerful new weapon called
atomic...
 Persecution of Jewish
scientists, sought
asylum
 Einstein, abandoning
his belief in
pacifism, urged then
president Fran...
“The Japanese were ready
to surrender and it wasn't
necessary to hit them with
that awful thing.”
General Eisenhower
Advis...
“I made one great
mistake in my life ...
when I signed the letter
to President Roosevelt
recommending that
atom bombs be m...
 Nuremberg Trials: trials of 22 Nazi
leaders for war crimes
 Some Nazi leaders executed for their actions
 Germany
 Page 942: Circle extent of
Axis-controlled area
 Page 953: Where were
most Holocaust “death
camps”
 Japan
 ...
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World at War

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  • http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/98/WWI-Causes.jpg
  • http://www.guardian.co.uk/news/datablog/interactive/2012/oct/01/first-world-war-royal-navy-ships-mapped
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wbggEGUaE28
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_XPZQ0LAlR4
  • The Russo-Japanese WarBloody Sunday: Revolution of 1905200,000 workers march on czar’s palace to demand reformsArmy fires into the crowd, killing manyCzar forced to make reformsThe Duma, Russia’s first parliament, meetsCzar unwilling to share power; dissolves Duma after only 10 weeks
  • Nationalists Overthrows Qing DynastyCalls for modernizationBacks three principles: nationalism, democracy, economic securityWorld War I Spells More ProblemsChina enters war against Germany hoping to gain land held by Germans Treaty of Versailles gives German colonies in China to Japan; People revolt v. nationalists
  • Strikes and DemonstrationsCivil disobedience takes an economic toll on the BritishThe Salt MarchIn 1930, Gandhi protests Salt ActsSalt March—240-mile walk led by Gandhi to collect seawater for saltBritish police brutalize protestors; Indians gain worldwide support
  • 9 min
  • 3 min
  • World at War

    1. 1. Mr. Taylor | @teamHISTORY
    2. 2. Which Allied nation could the Central Powers not invade by land?
    3. 3. Why might Russia have struggled to obtain resources from its allies?
    4. 4. Which alliance may have had the worse position geographically in the war?
    5. 5. nationalism imperialism militarism alliance system
    6. 6. 1914: Shot Rings Throughout Europe
    7. 7.  Russian troops to borders with Austria/Germany  Germany declares war on Russia, attacks France  Great Britain declares war on Germany
    8. 8. Central Powers: Germany & Austria-Hungary Allied Powers: Britain, France & Russia
    9. 9. Russia’s war effort suffering by 1916 many casualties, few supplies Huge size of Russian army keeps it formidable
    10. 10.  Germany seeks to control Atlantic to stop supplies to Britain  unrestricted submarine warfare  Sinking of Lusitania angers United States
    11. 11. 1. What did Germany want Mexico to do? a) Begin unrestricted submarine warfare? b) Distract the United States with a border War c) Convince Japan to attack Russia d) All of the above 2. Why would governments send messages in code? a) To increase close cooperation among the staff b) To prevent unauthorized people from knowing what they say c) To ensure greater attention to detail by the senior staff d) All of the above 3. Why did Germany send a telegram rather than a letter or courier? a) Telegrams are faster. b) Letters can be intercepted. c) Couriers could be spies. d) All of the above. 4. Why is body of the message is the only part written in code? a) Western Union needs to know the identify of the customer. b) The destination cannot be secret since the telegram company has to deliver the message. c) Only the message contains secret information. d) All of the above.
    12. 12.  U.S. declares war against Germany in April 1917
    13. 13.  Total war — devote all resources to war  Governments take control of economy  Nations turn to rationing — limiting purchases of war-related goods
    14. 14.  At home, thousands of women fill jobs previously held by men  Many women also war nurses
    15. 15. Russia Withdraws  Civil unrest forces czar to step down in 1917  Communists take control  Russia  treaty with Germany, March 1918 Central Powers Collapse  Allies win war; armistice in November 1918
    16. 16. Treaty of Versailles creates feelings of bitterness on both sides German people feel bitter and betrayed after taking blame for war America never signs Treaty of Versailles Some colonies express anger over not winning independence Japan, Italy criticize agreement; gain less land than they want
    17. 17. militarism (a) the battlefields of northern France in World War I Western Front (b) system in which a government limits the amount of items people can buy Eastern Front (c) Wilson’s plan for achieving a just and lasting peace after World War I trench warfare (d) type of warfare in which opposing armies fight from parallel trenches propaganda (e) a stretch of battlefield among the German and Russian border in WWI total war (f) war in which countries devote all their resources to the war effort rationing (g) policy of glorifying war and keeping an army prepared for war Fourteen Points (h) One-sided information designed to persuade
    18. 18. Lenin WWI shows Russia’s weakness, Czar steps down Bolsheviks in power, sign treaty with Germany; Russia out of World War I
    19. 19. Lenin: land to peasants, workers control 3-year civil war leaves 14 million dead Russian, Fren ch Revolutions both attempt to remake society Lenin’s economic, peace policies restore order
    20. 20. Police Terror Indoctrination Propaganda and Censorship Religious or Ethnic Persecution
    21. 21. Nationalists: nationalism, democracy, economic security
    22. 22. Emperor Nationalists Communists Peasants not impressed
    23. 23. Reading: Mao Zedong
    24. 24.  British promise steps to self-government in return for WWI service. After war, no changes; resentment
    25. 25.  1935: England gives India self-rule  Does nothing to calm rising tension between Muslims and Hindus
    26. 26. Mr. Taylor World History Between Wars
    27. 27. Russia • Stalin • Purge • Five-year plans Germany • War debts (reparation) UnitedStates • Isolationism
    28. 28. Secret Agreement Non- aggression pact: Germans, Soviets agree not to fight each other, to split Poland Blitzkrieg
    29. 29. Communism – sort of  Five year plan  The Great Purge: under Joseph Stalin, tens of millions of ordinary individuals were executed or imprisoned in labor camps that were little more than death camps.
    30. 30. German forces trap British, French on coast at Dunkirk Winston Churchill: Becomes British prime minister, vows no surrender Battle of Britain: British use air force, radar, code -breaking to resist Germany
    31. 31. Hitler Invades Soviet Union After taking Yugoslavia, Greece , Hitler betrays Stalin Germany invades an unprepared Soviet Union Soviet troops burn land as they retreat Germans almost capture Moscow
    32. 32.  Roosevelt fears that if allies fall, U.S. would have to fight  Lend-Lease Act — U.S. loans weapons to countries fighting Germany
    33. 33. Infamy Japan attacks Pearl Harbor , U.S. naval base in Hawaii, on Dec. 7, 1941
    34. 34.  In 1941 Roosevelt cuts off oil shipments to Japan  Japan captures American Philippines, British holdings, including Hong Kong, Singapore, Dutch East Indies, Burma, threatens India, Britain’s main possession in Asia  Japanese forces treat conquered peoples, prisoners of war brutally
    35. 35.  New kind of naval warfare — ships launch planes to fight each other  Douglas MacArthur — American army commander in Pacific  Plans to “island-hop” past strongholds, attack weaker Japanese bases
    36. 36. Axis • Italy • Japan • Germany Allies • Britain • Soviet Union • United States
    37. 37. Nazis kill 6 million Jews and 5 million other “non-Arayans”
    38. 38.  “Our strength consists in our speed and in our brutality. Genghis Khan led millions of women and children to slaughter - with premeditation and a happy heart. History sees in him solely the founder of a state. It’s a matter of indifference to me what a weak western European civilization will say about me.
    39. 39. I have issued the command - and I’ll have anybody who utters but one word of criticism executed by a firing squad - that our war aim does not consist in reaching certain lines, but in the physical destruction of the enemy. Accordingly I have placed my death-head formations in readiness - for the present only in the East - with orders to them to send to death mercilessly and without compassion, men, women, and children of Polish derivation and language. Only thus shall we gain the living space (Lebensraum) which we need.
    40. 40. Who, after all, speaks today of the annihilation of the Armenians?” Adolf Hitler August 22, 1939 Quoted from a speech delivered by Hitler to the Supreme Commanders and Commanding Generals, as the Nazis marched into Poland in 1939.
    41. 41.  Hitler and Nazis say Aryans — Germanic peoples — are “master race”  Kristallnacht— “night of broken glass,” Nov. 9, 1938  Jewish homes, businesses, synagogues attacked; 100 Jews killed
    42. 42.  Fearing violence, many German Jews flee, but other countries limit Jewish refugees Isolation  Hitler has all Jews moved to designated cities, forced to live in ghettos
    43. 43.  Hitler’s final plan for treatment of Jews  Chooses genocide — systematic killing of an entire people  Russia joins effort
    44. 44. Death camps not in Germany, kept secret from German citizens
    45. 45. Reading: “Night”
    46. 46.  Use your notes to write a paragraph describing Nazi Germany’s policy towards Jewish people.  Include the following terms:  Aryan  Holocaust  ghetto  Final Solution  genocide
    47. 47. World War II European Theater Prelude & November 1942-May 1945
    48. 48.  Africa: Allied resistance starts in Africa, British against Germany & Italy  The Battle for Stalingrad: Germany moves to capture Soviet oil fields  Italy: United States and Brittan use Africa to launch invasion of Italy
    49. 49.  Fighting the war requires complete use of all national resources  18 million U.S. workers — many of them women — make weapons  People at home face shortages of consumer goods  Propaganda aims to inspire civilians to aid effort
    50. 50. The D-Day Invasion D-Day — June 6, 1944; day of “Operation Overlord” allied invasion of France
    51. 51. Special Invasion (1944) In 1943 the tide of the war had turned against Germany. The Germans were losing ground against the Soviets in the East. British Empire and US forces invaded Italy, Germany′s ally. By June 1944 the Allies had gathered enough troops and equipment to invade France and try and drive the Germans out. Although they were successful, losses were heavy and bitter fighting would continue until Germany surrendered in May 1945.
    52. 52.  By 1945, Allied armies approach Germany from two sides  Soviets surround Berlin in April 1945  Hitler commits suicide  On May 9, 1945, Germany officially surrenders, marking V-E Day  President Roosevelt dies in April (stroke); Truman becomes president
    53. 53.  U.S. takes Philippines in late 1944  Kamikazes: Japanese pilots who fly suicide missions  In March 1945, American forces capture Iwo Jima  U.S. takes Okinawa in June 1945; Japan suffers huge casualties
    54. 54.  Advisors warn Truman that invasion of Japan will cost many lives  He has alternative; powerful new weapon called atomic bomb  Manhattan Project — secret program  Atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima, Aug. 6, 1945; 75,000 die  Nagasaki bombed on Aug. 9; 70,000 die  Japanese surrender on Sept. 2, 1945
    55. 55.  Persecution of Jewish scientists, sought asylum  Einstein, abandoning his belief in pacifism, urged then president Franklin Roosevelt to develop an atomic bomb before Hitler did.  He later regretted his support of the A-Bomb.
    56. 56. “The Japanese were ready to surrender and it wasn't necessary to hit them with that awful thing.” General Eisenhower Advisors warn Truman that invasion of Japan will cost many lives
    57. 57. “I made one great mistake in my life ... when I signed the letter to President Roosevelt recommending that atom bombs be made; but there was some justification - the danger that the Germans would make them.”
    58. 58.  Nuremberg Trials: trials of 22 Nazi leaders for war crimes  Some Nazi leaders executed for their actions
    59. 59.  Germany  Page 942: Circle extent of Axis-controlled area  Page 953: Where were most Holocaust “death camps”  Japan  Page 933: Mark extent of Japanese expansion  Midway, 1942  Hiroshima, 1945  Nagasaki, 1945  Italy  France  Normandy (D-Day), 1944  England  Russia  Japan  Pearl Harbor  Korea, 1950-53  Vietnam, 1957-73  Cuba, 1962  India, 1947  Israel, 1947

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