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Aviation History by Loredana Verzea


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A PPT material about the first attempts to fly and the history of aviation made by a student involved in the Comenius multilateral partnership “From Icarus to Interplanetary Travels”

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Aviation History by Loredana Verzea

  1. 1. Pioneers of Aviation
  2. 2.  The balloon is an aircraft consisting of a spherical casing, waterproof interior filled with hot air or lighter than air gas (helium or hydrogen). Bubble roof is usually attached as a platform.  The cover can be sealed balloon ( with air under pressure) or it may be provided at the bottom with an opening (through which the gas, which is lighter than air, can not escape).  Balloons – how they are called today - are considered a large group of aerostats, the first category of airships.
  3. 3.  1872 – 1950  He was a Romanian inventor, pioneer of world aviation;  On 18 March 1906 he made the first self- propelled flight ( no catapults or other means outdoor to support the flight) with a heavier that air airplane.
  4. 4.  1882 – 1942  He was a Romanian engineer, inventor and lieutenant who built the “avioplan”;  His "Avioplan aviation unit" was an invention patented in Paris on August 26, 1908;  He used the device only with its engine on to ascend into the air, then glide with the engine off, like the modern gliders.
  5. 5.  He was from Mehedinţi;  He was attracted to aviation and the Aeronautical Complex from Chitila (a school near Bucharest), founded on November 20, 1909;  On July 9, 1911 Stefan Protopopescu obtained the patent as a military pilot, becoming the first licensed pilot in Romania and the first in the Roman army;  Flight for patenting a device called ​​Farman III in 1909, he was eventually built under license in the workshop from Chitila.
  6. 6.  1882 – 1913  He was a Romanian engineer, inventor and international pioneer of aviation;  In his honor, his hometown Binţinţi was renamed after Aurel Vlaicu’s name;  He worked at Opel in Rüsselsheim as an engineer plant  In the fall of 1909 he moved to Bucharest and started building his first airplane, Vlaicu I at the Army arsenal.  The plane flied without modifications in 1910  In 1911 a second plane is built Vlaicu II;
  7. 7.  With Vlaicu II he won in 1912, 5 memorable prizes (1 first prize and 4 second prizes) in air rally at Aspern, Austria;  The competition brought together between 23 and 30 June 1912, 42 riders from 7 countries, 17 from Austria-Hungary, 7 Germans, 12 French, including Roland Garros, the most famous pilot of the time, a Russian, a Belgian, a Persian and a Romanian - Vlaicu;  On 13 September 1913, during an attempt to cross the Carpathian Mountains with Vlaicu II airplane, he crashed near Campina, at Banesti, apparently due to a heart attack.
  8. 8.  1872-1936  He was a French aviator, inventor and engineer;  In 1909 he performed the complete first flight over a large expanse of water in a heavier than air aircraft, when he crossed the English Channel;  For this achievement he received a prize of £ 1000;  He is considered the first person to build a functional monoplane;  Bleriot was a pioneer of aerial acrobatics.
  9. 9.  1888-1946;  He was the first pilot, builder and trainer of aircraft from Transylvania;  After primary school he learned the locksmith trade, where the apprentice's occupation was very varied;  Among other things, he worked on an engine that had to operate without fuel;  Also he was interested in telegraphy;  Wanting to increase his knowledge, he went to Switzerland where he worked in the engine factory, and in Paris for a period of two years;
  10. 10.  Since 1908 he had the opportunity to work in aviation in Berlin, defining the technical format of an engine and putting in place a number of projects including: engine awards at international competitions, an amphibious car, his own plane;  In April 1912, Siemens-Schuckert gave him a space with tools and a 50 hp engine for studies;  With this engine, Zigler built his first aircraft monoplane "PFEILFLUGZEUG" (plain arrow) that successfully passed the test of flight;  His plane was constructed from inferior materials or old, therefore he could not use their experience and knowledge;
  11. 11.  At 6 weeks after the tragic accident of Vlaicu, Ziegler broke the height record above Magura Codlea, reaching 3000m altitude;
  12. 12.  1883-1919  He was a Romanian officer and pioneer of aviation, being the second aviator patented in Romania after Stefan Protopopescu;  He had a poetic nature, writing several books and numerous articles in support of aviation.
  13. 13.  1886-1911  He was an American aviator and pioneer of aviation, considered the first that made a takeoff and a landing on a ship.
  14. 14.  1887-1977  He was a Romanian general, hero and aviator of World War I and pioneer of aviation , being the third aviator patented in Romania after Stefan Protopopescu and Mircea Zorileanu and the second military pilot.  His name was given to a large military unit called Flotilla 70 Aviation "General of Aviation Engineer George Negrescu".
  15. 15.  He was a Roman pioneer of aviation, entrepreneur and founder of the Society for Technical blast, called later, in 1931, the aircraft factory SET engineer "Gregory Zamfirescu".