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Greatest pilots of the world by Stoica Alina


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A PPT material about the first attempts to fly and the history of aviation made by a student involved in the Comenius multilateral partnership “From Icarus to Interplanetary Travels”

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Greatest pilots of the world by Stoica Alina

  1. 1. Greatest aviatorsGreatest aviators of the worldof the world Student: STOICA ALINA ANDREEAStudent: STOICA ALINA ANDREEA Class: XI-AClass: XI-A Teacher: ANDREI MONICATeacher: ANDREI MONICA
  2. 2. Jean -Pierre BlanchardJean -Pierre Blanchard  Jean Pierre François Blanchard was bornJean Pierre François Blanchard was born on July 4, 1753.on July 4, 1753.  He was a French inventator, mostHe was a French inventator, most remembered as a pioneer inremembered as a pioneer in aviation and ballooning.aviation and ballooning.  Blanchard made his first successfulBlanchard made his first successful balloon flight in Paris on 2 March 1784,balloon flight in Paris on 2 March 1784, in a hydrogen gas balloon which wasin a hydrogen gas balloon which was launched from Champ de Mars.launched from Champ de Mars.
  3. 3. Traian VuiaTraian Vuia  Traian Vuia was a RomanianTraian Vuia was a Romanian inventor and aviation pioneer whoinventor and aviation pioneer who designed, built and tested adesigned, built and tested a monoplane. His first airborne testmonoplane. His first airborne test plane traveled about 12 meters onplane traveled about 12 meters on March 18, 1906, and his best distanceMarch 18, 1906, and his best distance was 24 meters.was 24 meters.  He was born on August 17, 1872 andHe was born on August 17, 1872 and he died on September 3, 1950.he died on September 3, 1950. Another invention byAnother invention by Vuia was a steam generator withVuia was a steam generator with internal combustion that couldinternal combustion that could generate very high pressure of moregenerate very high pressure of more than 100 atm (10 MPa) that is stillthan 100 atm (10 MPa) that is still used today in thermal power stations.used today in thermal power stations.  On May 27, 1946, Vuia was named anOn May 27, 1946, Vuia was named an Honorary Member of the RomanianHonorary Member of the Romanian Academy.Academy.
  4. 4. Alberto Santos DumontAlberto Santos Dumont  Alberto Santos-Dumont (JulyAlberto Santos-Dumont (July 20, 1873 – July 23, 1932) was a20, 1873 – July 23, 1932) was a Brazilian aviation pioneer. TheBrazilian aviation pioneer. The heir of a wealthy family ofheir of a wealthy family of coffee producers, Santoscoffee producers, Santos Dumont dedicated himself toDumont dedicated himself to aeronautical study andaeronautical study and experimentation in Paris,experimentation in Paris, France, where he spent most ofFrance, where he spent most of his adult life. Santos-Dumonthis adult life. Santos-Dumont designed, built, and flew thedesigned, built, and flew the first practical dirigible,first practical dirigible, demonstrating that routine,demonstrating that routine, controlled flight was possiblecontrolled flight was possible..
  5. 5. Harriet QuimbyHarriet Quimby  Harriet Quimby (May 11, 1875 –Harriet Quimby (May 11, 1875 – July 1, 1912) was an earlyJuly 1, 1912) was an early American aviator and a movieAmerican aviator and a movie screenwriter. In 1911, she wasscreenwriter. In 1911, she was awarded a U.S. pilot's certificateawarded a U.S. pilot's certificate by the Aero Club of America,by the Aero Club of America, becoming the first woman to gainbecoming the first woman to gain a pilot's license in the Uniteda pilot's license in the United States. In 1912, she became theStates. In 1912, she became the first woman to fly across thefirst woman to fly across the English Channel. AlthoughEnglish Channel. Although Quimby lived only to the age ofQuimby lived only to the age of thirty-seven, she had a majorthirty-seven, she had a major influence upon the role of womeninfluence upon the role of women in aviation.
  6. 6. Jorge NewberyJorge Newbery  Jorge "George" Newbery, bornJorge "George" Newbery, born Jorge Alejandro Newbery (BuenosJorge Alejandro Newbery (Buenos Aires 29 May 1875 – MendozaAires 29 May 1875 – Mendoza Province 1 March 1914), was anProvince 1 March 1914), was an Argentine aviator, civil servant,Argentine aviator, civil servant, engineer and scientist of Northengineer and scientist of North American descent. Along withAmerican descent. Along with Alberto Braniff and Jorge Chávez,Alberto Braniff and Jorge Chávez, Jorge Newbery was one of theJorge Newbery was one of the first Latin American aircraftfirst Latin American aircraft pilots. He was also an engineerpilots. He was also an engineer and he is considered to be theand he is considered to be the architect and founder of thearchitect and founder of the Argentine Air Force.Argentine Air Force.
  7. 7. Artur de Sacadura FreireArtur de Sacadura Freire CabralCabral Artur de Sacadura Freire Cabral, (23Artur de Sacadura Freire Cabral, (23 May 1881 – 15 November 1924),May 1881 – 15 November 1924), known simply as Sacadura Cabral,known simply as Sacadura Cabral, was a Portuguese aviation pioneerwas a Portuguese aviation pioneer who in 1922, together with Gagowho in 1922, together with Gago Coutinho (1869–1959), conducted theCoutinho (1869–1959), conducted the first flight across the South Atlanticfirst flight across the South Atlantic Ocean, and also the first usingOcean, and also the first using astronomical navigation only, fromastronomical navigation only, from Lisbon, Portugal, to Rio de Janeiro,Lisbon, Portugal, to Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.Brazil.
  8. 8. Henry CoandaHenry Coanda  Henri Marie Coand (7 June 1886 –ăHenri Marie Coand (7 June 1886 –ă 25 November 1972) was a Romanian25 November 1972) was a Romanian inventor, aerodynamics pioneer andinventor, aerodynamics pioneer and builder of an experimental aircraft,builder of an experimental aircraft, the Coand -1910 described byăthe Coand -1910 described byă Coand in the mid-1950s as theăCoand in the mid-1950s as theă world's first jet, a controversialworld's first jet, a controversial claim disputed by some andclaim disputed by some and supported by others. He invented asupported by others. He invented a great number of devices, designed agreat number of devices, designed a "flying saucer" and discovered the"flying saucer" and discovered the Coand effect of fluid dynamics.ăCoand effect of fluid dynamics.ă Bucharest's Henri CoandăBucharest's Henri Coandă International Airport is named afterInternational Airport is named after him.him.
  9. 9. Albert PlesmanAlbert Plesman  Dr. Albert Plesman (7 SeptemberDr. Albert Plesman (7 September 1889 – 31 December 1953) was a1889 – 31 December 1953) was a Dutch pioneer of aviation andDutch pioneer of aviation and founder of KLM, the oldestfounder of KLM, the oldest airline in the world stillairline in the world still operating under its originaloperating under its original  For his achievements inFor his achievements in international civil aviation, heinternational civil aviation, he received in 1959 posthumouslyreceived in 1959 posthumously the first Edward Warner Award.the first Edward Warner Award.
  10. 10. James DoolittleJames Doolittle  General James HaroldGeneral James Harold "Jimmy" Doolittle, USAF"Jimmy" Doolittle, USAF (December 14, 1896 –(December 14, 1896 – September 27, 1993) was anSeptember 27, 1993) was an American aviation pioneer.American aviation pioneer. Doolittle served as an officerDoolittle served as an officer in the United States Army Airin the United States Army Air Forces during the SecondForces during the Second World War. He earned theWorld War. He earned the Medal of Honor for his valorMedal of Honor for his valor and leadership as commanderand leadership as commander of the Doolittle Raid while heof the Doolittle Raid while he was a lieutenant colonel.was a lieutenant colonel.
  11. 11. Jacqueline CochranJacqueline Cochran  Jacqueline Cochran (May 11,Jacqueline Cochran (May 11, 1906 – August 9, 1980) was a1906 – August 9, 1980) was a pioneer American aviator,pioneer American aviator, considered to be one of theconsidered to be one of the most gifted racing pilots ofmost gifted racing pilots of her generation. She was anher generation. She was an important contributor to theimportant contributor to the formation of the wartimeformation of the wartime Women's Auxiliary Army CorpsWomen's Auxiliary Army Corps (WAAC) and Women Airforce(WAAC) and Women Airforce Service Pilots (WASP).Service Pilots (WASP).
  12. 12. Amy JohnsonAmy Johnson  Amy Johnson CBE, (1 July 1903 – 5Amy Johnson CBE, (1 July 1903 – 5 January 1941) was a pioneering EnglishJanuary 1941) was a pioneering English aviatrix. Flying solo or with her husband,aviatrix. Flying solo or with her husband, Jim Mollison, Johnson set numerous long-Jim Mollison, Johnson set numerous long- distance records during the 1930s.distance records during the 1930s. Johnson flew in the Second World War asJohnson flew in the Second World War as a part of the Air Transport Auxiliarya part of the Air Transport Auxiliary where she died during a ferry flight. Inwhere she died during a ferry flight. In 2011 the Royal Aeronautical Society2011 the Royal Aeronautical Society established the annual Amy Johnsonestablished the annual Amy Johnson Named Lecture to celebrate a century ofNamed Lecture to celebrate a century of women in flight and to honour Britain'swomen in flight and to honour Britain's most famous woman aviator.most famous woman aviator.
  13. 13. Beverly BurnsBeverly Burns  Captain Beverly Lynn BurnsCaptain Beverly Lynn Burns is the first woman tois the first woman to captain the Boeing 747captain the Boeing 747 jumbo jet.On the afternoonjumbo jet.On the afternoon of July 18, 1984, Burnsof July 18, 1984, Burns made her maiden voyage asmade her maiden voyage as Captain when sheCaptain when she commanded People Expresscommanded People Express aircraft 604 from Newarkaircraft 604 from Newark International Airport to LosInternational Airport to Los Angeles InternationalAngeles International Airport.Airport.
  14. 14. loved this job andloved this job and have dedicated ahave dedicated a lifetime to aviation.lifetime to aviation. Without them,Without them, today, flying peopletoday, flying people would not havewould not have been possible. Theybeen possible. They are true roleare true role
  15. 15. Bibliography:Bibliography:  WikipediaWikipedia