Aviation History by Mocanu Alexandra


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A PPT material about the first attempts to fly and the history of aviation made by a student involved in the Comenius multilateral partnership “From Icarus to Interplanetary Travels”

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  • Aviation History by Mocanu Alexandra

    1. 1. Name:Mocanu Alexandra Class: 13B Scoala:Sfantul Apostol Andrei Ploiesti Prahova
    2. 2. • The Wright Brothers • Traian Vuia • Glenn Curtiss • Aurel Vlaicu • Alexander De Seversky • Glenn Martin • Erley Jeppesen • Chuck Yeager • Francesco-Lana-Terzi • Clement Ader
    3. 3. The Wright Brothers The brothers built a movable track to help launch the Flyer. This downhill track would help the aircraft gain enough airspeed to fly. After two attempts to fly this machine, one of which resulted in a minor crash, Orville Wright took the Flyer off for a 12-second, sustained flight on December 17, 1903. This was the first successful, powered, piloted flight in
    4. 4. The Wright Brothers 1903
    5. 5. • Traian Vuia (born August 17, 1872, in Bujoru, Caras-Severin County, Austria-Hungary - died September 3, 1950, Bucharest, Romania) was a Romanian inventor, pioneer of global aviation. On 18 March 1906 he made the first self-propelled​​ flight (no catapults or other supporting outdoor means) with a heavier than air aircraft.
    6. 6. Glenn Curtiss • Glenn Curtiss increased mechanical strength of flights. Talented engine builder, Curtiss had his first airplane flight in 1908, when he was 30. Following year, he won two awards for speed flight at international air demonstration from Reims, France, flying about 75 km / h. He designed a plane to take off and land on water and his biplanes were the first to have made operations on the deck of a​​ warship. His company built the first aircraft (NC-4) who crossed the Atlantic.
    7. 7. Glenn Curtiss 1908
    8. 8. Aurel Vlaicu• He graduated Calvin High School and College, which in 1919 was named “Aurel Vlaicu", taking the Baccalaureate in Sibiu in 1902. • He continued his engineering studies at the University of Budapest and the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität Munich, in Germany, obtaining his engineering degree in 1907. After that he worked as an engineer at Opel factories in Rüsselsheim. In 1908 returns to Binţinţi where he builds a plane which made a number of flights in​​ 1909. In the fall of 1909 he moved to Bucharest and started building his first airplane, Vlaicu I, at the Army arsenal. That plane flew without any modifications (which is unique to early aviation in the world) in June 1910. In 1911 he built a second plane.
    9. 9. Aurel Vlaicu 1909
    10. 10. Alexander de Seversky• Alexander de Seversky has lost a leg fighting for Russia in 1915, but returned to the air with a wooden prosthesis and 13 German planes were shot down. Moving to the U.S. in 1918, de Seversky created specifically an aiming device for the Army Air Service. Seversky Aviation Corporation built amphibious,won the record speed and designed fighters that led to robust Republic P-47 Thunderbolt model of the Second World War.
    11. 11. Glenn Martin • Glenn Martin began building aircrafts shortly after the Wright brothers' first flight, keeping himself busy after World War with little improvement contracts and projects. Leading engineers, as Lawrence Bell, James McDonnell and Donald Douglas worked for him. in 1929, Martin built the first factory designed to produce metal planes.
    12. 12. GlennMartin1927
    13. 13. • Jeppesen Elrey saved the lives of other drivers, publishing their field notes taken by him as he flew in the '30s, the pilot of the U.S. mail. Signaling cues, recording rates obstacles and explaining how to locate and deal with airports, 'Maps Jeppe' gave vital information for pilots flying at night or in bad weather.
    14. 14. William Lear • William Lear left school and went to patent his 150 inventions in aviation. In 1959 he began work on a plane that would give business the speed and comfort of a jet liner on a small scale. Since 1963, he has sold over $ 500,000 a piece, thus imposing a brand synonymous with luxury and privilege.
    15. 15. Chuck Yeager • Chuck Yeager joined the Army Air Corps and was trained as a mechanic. He has earned a reputation as the most skilled pilot in the Second World War, breaking 12 German planes. After the war he became a test pilot, flying with each experimental device developed by the Air Force. In 1947, Yeager pushed a Bell XS-1 at a speed of 1.125km/h, Mach 1.06 and 12,800 m. Nobody had flown so quickly. Twenty years later, at the age of 40, Yeager executed 127 combat missions in the Vietnam War. Once recruited in 1969, he became brigadier general in the Air Force.
    16. 16. Franceso Lana- Terzi • In the eighteenth century, Italian Francesco Lana-Terzi imagined flying a ship that would have to be able to levitate by four metal balls with empty air. This fantastic project published in 1670 remained unrealized. However, in the late eighteenth century, the man managed to climb into the sky with a balloon filled with hot air. In the next century, there are built the first gliders (with arched wings as the birds) by Otto Lilienthal, who died in such an attempt to conquer the air. But the glider was the first step toward building a machine heavier than air and to move under its own power. It would be airplane.
    17. 17. Franceso Lana-Terzi sec al XVII-lea
    18. 18. • Clément Agnès Ader est un ingénieur  français, pionnier de l'aviation, né le 2 avril 1841 à Muret et mort le 3 mars 1925 à Toulouse. Il aurait été le premier à faire décoller un engin motorisé plus lourd que l'air en 1890. Ce vol, antérieur à celui des frères Wright en 1903, est controversé en raison de doutes sur sa réalité et des caractéristiques de stabilité et de contrôle de l'appareil, le rendant quasiment incontrôlable dans l'air.
    19. 19. Clement Ader
    20. 20. Romanian aviation history Romanian Aviation History Traian Vuia Aurel Vlaicu Henri Coanda