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20130805 Activating Linked Open Data in Libraries Archives and Museums

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20130805 Activating Linked Open Data in Libraries Archives and Museums

  1. 1. Andrea Wei-Ching Huang Institute of Information Science, Academia Sinica August 5, 2013 Taipei, Taiwan Activating Linked Open Data in Libraries, Archives and Museums A Report on LODLAM 2013
  2. 2. 2 1. Preface 2. People 3. Place 4. Program 5. Presentation 6. Proposition
  3. 3. 3 1. Preface Gallery, library, archive, and museum (i.e. GLAM or LAM) have the privilege in their “tradition” for constructing structured data (metadata). Linked Open Data (LOD) provides a web environment for LAM to curate & integrate internal & external resources. Different kinds of data about the same object thus can be created by distributed actors/agents, and then be aggregated into a single LOD graph. In short, LAM is benefited from adding value to their metadata by linking to the LOD with previously unknown & unexplored resources (e.g. other library sources, non- library sources, and multiple domain knowledge bases, etc. )
  4. 4. 4 Amsterdam Museum Linked Data Linked Open Aalto Data Service (Finland) (Oct. 2012)  National Library of France , BnF (July, 2011) National Library of Spain, BnE German National Library Linked Data Services The British Library Free Data Services, BnB (July, 2011) LOCAH Linked Archives Hub project (UK) Open Data from the Conference of European National Libraries (CENL) ATHENA project Europeana LIBRIS system: National Swedish Library Museum Finland Smithsonian American Art Museum Pedantic Web Group BibSoup (OKF and JISC) Stanford Linked Data Manifesto OCLC- VIAF/ DDC/ FAST LODLAM CLIR on Linked Data LODAC (Linked Open Data for ACademia) W3C Library Linked Data Incubator Group (2010)/final report 2011) ResearchSpace Semantic Web in Libraries LC Linked Data Service: Authorities and Vocabularies New York Times Linked Open Data 2013 2008 2003 Some Recent Initiatives
  5. 5. 5 1) Linked data is for technical interoperability; 2) open data is for legal interoperability; 3) the benefits for Library is to bring Library Data outside the Library Wall, linking to the Web World W3C Library Linked Data Final Report (2011) 32/65 Datasets in DataHub LAM Vocabularies for LOD
  6. 6. 6 2. People
  7. 7. 7 3. Place More than 100 participants from 16 countries
  8. 8. 8
  9. 9. 9 4. Program
  10. 10. 10  Curation (11)  Vocabulary (10)  Tools (10)  Processing (4)  Case Study (3)  LODLAM (2)  Others (3) My classification : 43 sessions/ 7 emerging issues
  11. 11. 11  Rather going to the Vocabulary War in the LAM community that I am not familiar with …. seeking available tool development may work more positive results.  Happy to hear that Getty is going to progress themselves in LOD. (anticipated that the data will be published under the ODC_BY 1.0 license; begin with AAT and then to TGN, ULAN, and finally CONA, from late 2013 through 2015.)  One exception: LODLAM Pattern /reminds me the Design Pattern in Semantic Web. / other missing on Taxonomy Alignment Map session My Decision on the Site:
  12. 12. 12 vocabulary Web Content LAM Datasets reuse ontologies that are sensible to you reuse ontologies that are sensible to you Linked Data Integration 5. Selected Presentations
  13. 13. 13  LODLAM patterns: a pattern library for cultural linked data; to identify common problems and common linked data solutions. (Representation Patterns for Cultural Heritage Resources)  Karma : A tool for converting LAM data to LOD/RDF /can feed varieties of ontologies & data resources.  PUNDIT: a client-server annotation system express semantics about any kind of web content through labelled relations among annotated items in the form of RDF triples. vocabulary Web content Annotation & Publishing Data Modelling & Publishing LOD
  14. 14. 14 Europeana Data Model (EDM)
  15. 15. Europeana Data Model (EDM) Class subClass propertycore class external class
  16. 16. 16 LODLAM Patterns
  17. 17. 17 “The universe of methods for representing cultural heritage resources is growing rapidly, despite the multiple standards that already exist across the library, archive, and museum domain. These various standards may address common problems, but there is little explicit coordination among the solutions. As Linked Data Principles increasingly allow us to “mix and match” vocabularies, we need a new way to understand the available techniques that solve specific representation problems.” Richard J. Urban Florida State University, College of Communication and Information, School of Library and Information Studies LODLAM Patterns
  18. 18. 18 context
  19. 19. 19
  20. 20. 20 KARMA
  21. 21. KARMA: Connecting the Smithsonian American Art Museum to the Linked Data Cloud Pedro Szekely and Eleanor E. Fink Information Sciences Institute of the University of Southern California
  22. 22. 22
  23. 23. 23
  24. 24. 24 PUNDIT
  25. 25. 25 LODLAM 2013 Challenge Winner
  26. 26. 26 Only 2 sessions notes are listed in this official page. However, there are several notes within this website or on other websites. The same text fragment (“session notes”) can be annotated by different users, and displayed annotations on the same web page. 18 more LODLAM 2013 session notes (on the LODLAM website or not) can be annotated, connected, and found through Pundit.
  27. 27. 27 Part of the image can be annotated, referred as well as linked to Dbpedia, WordNet, EDM ….
  28. 28. 28 Annotation of Web content/objects can be published & linked to the Web of Data through labelled relation. Search “lodlam”
  29. 29. 29 6. Proposition (1) Potential / LOD + LAM :  Web is the biggest library for all human. DBpedia and Freebase have been played an important role as the Web Library resources.  Libraries have long preserved/curated massive & quality datasets. The hidden treasure of the library data not only provides opportunities but also offers a backbone of trust for the Semantic Web.
  30. 30. 30  MARC21: MAchine-Readable Cataloguing  LCSH: Library of Congress Subject Headings  AAT: Art and Architecture Thesaurus/ GETTY vocabulary  EDM: Europeana Data Model  DCAT: Data Catalog Vocabulary ( W3C:2013) (2) Challenge Remains: Metadata Interoperability & Vocabulary Alignment:
  31. 31. 31 (3) Semantic Annotation & Metadata Releasing:  Semantic annotations have stirred up what LAM’s structured data toward more semantics, and get better at them by releasing & linking to LOD.  Human/Semi-automatic/Automatic Tools in three major Semantic Web conferences.  Releasing more: reach more, reuse more, and remix more.
  32. 32. 32 Full Report@