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Animais Invertebrados

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Aula síntese para o 7o ano do ensino fundamental sobre animais invertebrados, especialmente filo poríferos.

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Animais Invertebrados

  1. 1. Reino Animal Características Gerais
  2. 2. Características Gerais <ul><li>Seres vivos: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pluricelulares. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eucariontes. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Heterotróficos. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Podem ser : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Invertebrados – como os insetos. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vertebrados – como o ser humano </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Invertebrados e Vertebrados <ul><li>Vertebrados => possuem vértebras e coluna vertebral. </li></ul><ul><li>Invertebrados=> não possuem vértebras nem coluna vertebral. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Animais Endotérmicos e Ectotérmicos <ul><li>Endotérmicos ou Homeotérmicos: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A temperatura é regulada pelo próprio corpo. Não depende da temperatura ambiente. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vantagem => o animal pode viver em lugares muito frios. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Desvantagem => o animal necessita de muito alimento. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Exemplo : Mamíferos </li></ul><ul><li>Ectotérmicos ou Pecilotérmicos: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A temperatura varia conforme a temperatura do ambiente. O animal depende da temperatura do ambiente para regular a sua temperatura. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vantagem=> Não necessita de tanta comida. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Desvantagem => o animal não pode viver em qualquer local. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Exemplo: Peixes </li></ul>
  5. 5. Exemplos de animais... Endotérmicos: Mamíferos Aves Ectotérmicos: Répteis Anfíbios
  6. 6. Os Invertebrados
  7. 7. Os Invertebrados são divididos em grupos ... <ul><li>Estes grupos são chamados filos: </li></ul>
  8. 8. Outros Filos:
  9. 9. Os Poríferos <ul><li>Neste filo temos as esponjas. </li></ul><ul><li>São aquáticos – geralmente marinhos. </li></ul><ul><li>Vivem presos ao substrato. </li></ul><ul><li>Possuem o corpo coberto por pequenos orifícios – poros. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Circulação de água <ul><li>O corpo destes animais é coberto por poros por onde entra a água rica em alimento e oxigênio. </li></ul><ul><li>A água circula pela cavidade interna ( átrio), onde o alimento e o oxigênio ficam retidos nas células </li></ul><ul><li>A água então sai por um grande orifício – ósculo – com gás carbônico e restos. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Dentro do Átrio... <ul><li>Encontramos células flageladas chamadas de coanócitos. </li></ul><ul><li>Essas células têm um flagelo que bate e faz circular a água dentro da cavidade. </li></ul><ul><li>Esses coanócitos pegam as partículas de alimento. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Os Poriferos ... <ul><li>São animais bem simples. </li></ul><ul><li>Não possuem sistema digestório, nem respiratório e nem circulatório. </li></ul><ul><li>Também não possuem sistema nervoso. </li></ul>

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